How It Affects People
The effects of ADHD on children can be very disruptive at both school and home. While their intellect may be normal or advanced, more than half of children with ADHD have additional specific learning difficulties, such as dyslexia.
People with ADHD may experience low self-esteem or underachievement due to the difficulties involved in managing their symptoms.They are also more likely to be depressed, anxious, or obsessive, and they may have problems with speech, language and coordination.
People with ADHD need high levels of stimulation, so often find working in a constantly-moving environment beneficial.When properly motivated or working on something of particular interest to them, they are able to maintain a high attention to detail and a consistent work ethic.
It is estimated that the condition affects 2-5% of school-aged children and young people. It is up to four times more common in male children than in female children.
Our work at the Foundation focuses primarily on people with learning disabilities as opposed to people with specific learning difficulties. For more information about this condition we suggest you contact an organisation which specialises in these conditions, like the National Attention Disorder Information Support Service.
What Is A Learning Disability & Adhd
Learning Disabilities and ADHD are a group of neurologically based difficulties that negatively impact a students ability to demonstrate specific academic skills. In the educational setting, these disabilities may interfere with speaking, listening, reading, writing, spelling, or computation. Such difficulties are not a reflection on a students overall intellectual ability.
Other Concerns And Conditions With Adhd
The combination of ADHD with other disorders often presents extra challenges for children, parents, educators, and healthcare providers. Therefore, it is important for healthcare providers to screen every child with ADHD for other disorders and problems. This page provides an overview of the more common conditions and concerns that can occur with ADHD. Talk with your healthcare provider if you have concerns about your childs symptoms.
Every child with ADHD should be screened for other disorders and problems.
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Common Learning Disabilities In Children With Adhd
What learning disabilities are associated with ADHD? Learning disabilities associated with ADHD include:
These disabilities fall under the blanket term specific learning disability, which includes learning disorders and intellectual disabilities. Between 30 and 50% of kids with a specific learning disability also have ADHD.
In addition to learning disabilities, children with ADHD are more likely to have mental health problems, including anxiety and depression. ADHD also often occurs with oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. All of these conditions can make school very difficult for kids.
Many of the symptoms of ADHD also overlap with symptoms of autism, which is why autistic children are sometimes misdiagnosed with ADHD.
Can Someone Receive Disability Benefits For Adhd
Since ADHD is a disability, can people with the disorder receive disability benefits? The short answer is yes, an individual can receive disability benefits for ADHD. However, there are very strict rules about whether a person with ADHD qualifies for benefits under the United States government. First, the process for filing social security disability with a diagnosis of ADHD can be lengthy. In order to obtain social security disability income for ADHD, individuals must have been diagnosed with the condition since childhood. Additionally, a person must be able to prove that their ability to participate in schoolwork or to maintain a job was severely hindered by their diagnosis.
A government official will examine school performance and look for patterns suggesting severe functional impairments during childhood and into adulthood via medical documents, standardized test scores and life history. In addition, several other requirements must be met in order to qualify for social security disability including:
- The individual must have documentation from a medical professional of an ADHD diagnosis, with the following symptoms: inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity
- The person must have documentation that two of three conditions were a direct result of ADHD: problems with communicating, functioning in social settings or functioning in ones personal life relative to people of the same age
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The Outlook For Adhd And Learning Disabilities
The symptoms of ADHD and learning disabilities may overlap, but they are distinct disorders. Although many children who have ADHD have a learning disability and vice versa, an ADHD diagnosis doesnt automatically mean your child has a learning disability.
There are excellent treatment options for both ADHD and learning disabilities. Although medication is often prescribed to children with ADHD, it can have many adverse side effects. Safer and more effective treatment plans are available as a first resort.
Working with a functional medicine specialist allows you to treat the source of the problems, not just indirectly treat the symptoms. Theyll work with you to design a multilateral approach to heal the underlying causes of ADHD so your child can succeed during their school years and beyond.
If you live in the Roswell, GA, or northern Atlanta metro area, we would love to talk to you about creating a holistic treatment plan for your child. to get in touch with us and learn more about natural treatments for ADHD.
Adhd And Cognitive Disability
Another type of disability that is commonly associated with ADHD is known as a cognitive disability. Cognitive disabilities are defined as a limiting condition where an individual has slower mental aptitude and functioning. People with cognitive disabilities may have difficulty learning and take longer to develop than their normal counterparts. These individuals may require assistance to function in society for the entirety of their lives. So, is ADHD a cognitive disability? Currently, many features of ADHD echo mild cognitive impairment. However, the answer to this question depends on the medical practitioner who diagnoses these conditions. Some medical professionals think that yes, ADHD can be considered a cognitive disability, while others distinguish the two conditions as separate.
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Ldexplained A Guide To Learning Disabilities And Adhd
Being the parent/caregiver for children with learning disabilities or ADHD is a challenge in multiple ways. From developing an understanding of their childs needs, to helping them adapt to the external environment, partnering with the school to optimise their learning experience, each part requires a constant updation of knowledge and understanding for the parents.
Finding comprehensive information on all of these areas of learning disabilities or ADHD is a herculean task, especially finding relevant information in the Indian context. Parents need to keep themselves abreast of the constantly evolving medical knowledge, education related regulations and parental management theories by studying across various sources.
LDExplained germinated in the thought of providing a single resource for all these information needs for parents and caregivers with emphasis on the cultural context of India.
Examples Of Learning Disabilities
Some common learning disabilities include reading, writing, math, and organization difficulties. These difficulties can make school and work challenging.
People with learning disabilities often have trouble with some or all of the following:
- reading comprehension
- listening skills
- following directions
Most people with learning disabilities have average to above-average intelligence. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation.
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How Does Adhd Interfere With Peer Relationships
Exactly how ADHD contributes to social problems is not fully understood. Children who are inattentive sometimes seem shy or withdrawn to their peers. Children with symptoms of impulsivity/hyperactivity may be rejected by their peers because they are intrusive, may not wait their turn, or may act aggressively. In addition, children with ADHD are also more likely than those without ADHD to have other disorders that interfere with getting along with others.
Adhd And The Americans With Disabilities Act
The Americans With Disabilities Act is a federal law that went into effect in 1990 to protect the rights of persons with disabilities. The overall goal of the ADA is to make discrimination against individuals with disabilities in the public sector illegal. Thus, people with disabilities receive equal opportunities and the same protections as everyone else regardless of ethnicity, sex, age, religion and other criteria.
Is ADHD a disability under the ADA? Under both the ADA and another law known as the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, ADHD is considered a disability in the United States, but with strict stipulations. For instance, ADHD is considered a protected disability if it is severe and interferes with a persons ability to work or participate in the public sector. If, however, ADHD is mild or does not interfere with a persons ability to function in society, then they are not likely to receive benefits from federal or state governments.
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Treatment For Learning Disorders
Children with learning disorders often need extra help and instruction that is specialized for them. Having a learning disorder can qualify a child for special education services in school. Because children with ADHD often have difficulty in school, the first step is a careful evaluation to see if the problems are also caused by a learning disorder. Schools usually do their own testing to see if a child needs intervention. Parents, healthcare providers, and the school can work together to find the right referrals and treatment.
Learning Disabilities Can Lead To Mental Illness But Not Vice Versa
It is important to note that mental illnesses are not known to cause learning disabilities. They remain two separate entities, and psychological pathways do not lead to learning disabilities. This is proven despite the opposite occurring more than likely.
Essentially, it is a one-way street. Still, the onset of psychological illness, such as anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder can be triggered by underlying illnesses. The frustration or trauma experienced by individuals that suffer from ADHD links onset to having a learning disability.
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Behavior Or Conduct Problems
Children occasionally act angry or defiant around adults or respond aggressively when they are upset. When these behaviors persist over time, or are severe, they can become a behavior disorder. Children with ADHD are more likely than other children to be diagnosed with a behavior disorder such as Oppositional Defiant Disorder or Conduct Disorder.
Adhd Is A Learning Disability Not A Mental Illness
Although ADHD isnt considered a mental illness, taking measures to evaluate for both is a step in the right direction. A mental health disorder almost always alters the mood, sense of wellbeing, or perception of reality of the sufferer. That said, in its way, so does a learning disability.
While they are not the same, enduring life with one or more untreated illnesses can cause extreme distress. If you or someone you know needs help to manage ADHD or other disorders, suggest getting them professional care.
Getting the proper diagnosis and treatment makes a world of difference. Dont let the opportunity slip by to better your quality of life. Help is here. Contact us today for more information.
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How Can You Help Your Child Cope With Adhd And Subsequent Learning Difficulties Yes There Are Plenty Of Ways
by Health Writer
ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability although it can sometimes interfere with a child’s ability to do well in school. The National Institute of Mental Health indicates that 20%-30% of children with ADHD also have a learning disability.
Learning disabilities can appear in preschool children as problems in understanding sounds or words or having a hard time using words to express themselves. School age children with learning disabilities can have difficulty in reading, spelling, writing and/or arithmetic. One of the most well known learning disability is dyslexia, a reading disability. It is estimated that up to 8% of school age children have a reading disability.
Some symptoms, such as disorganization, weak executive functioning and the inability to use strategies can be present in both ADHD and learning disabilities. Children frustrated with learning disabilities can also exhibit symptoms similar to ADHD, such as inattention and inability to focus.
Even so, ADHD and learning disabilities are separate and independent disorders. Although some people have suggested that the co-morbidity between ADHD and Learning Disabilities is high enough to warrant evaluation for all children with ADHD, most school districts will not perform tests without a child exhibiting symptoms of Learning Disabilities. Some parents choose to have their child tested independently of the school to determine if both exist.
Mild And Severe Symptoms
Some of these mild and severe ADHD symptoms include the following:
- Unwillingness to dedicate attention when necessary
- Impulsive behaviors
- Lack of priority given where it is needed
- Displaying a lack of responsibility and procrastination
- Difficulty controlling emotions or managing moods
- Easily getting upset or furious even when the source of frustration or anger is not obvious
- Memory problems or cognitive separation from obligations4
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Myths And Stereotypes Surrounding Adhd
Some people believe ADHD is a learning disability because of the adverse effects it has on successful learning however, it is actually classified as a mental health disorder. This is a common misconception because there is a lack of awareness of what learning disabilities are.
Although learning disabilities have existed for a very long time, there has recently been an increased focus on mental and learning disabilities. This is unsurprising, seeing as these disabilities often have far-reaching effects on society as a whole. There are several different learning and mental disabilities that have seen an increase of focus in recent years, including ADHD.
It should be noted that although learning and mental disabilities may have some areas of overlap, they are quite different.
Understanding What Its Like To Live With Adhd
Take a minute to think about what you are going to have for breakfast tomorrow. Seems like a silly thing to put so much thought into in advance. But for an individual that is suffering from ADHD, it may be a major distraction. Imagine you are at work, trying to get finished for the rest of the day, and your mind begins to drift. Suddenly, you think about what you are going to eat for breakfast tomorrow.
For most people, it would be an easy decision, think about it and be done. But for an individual that suffers from a learning disability like ADHD, these distracting thoughts continue to poke through. Now, combine that with hearing the traffic outside your office window. Then, add in the conversation your coworker is having down the hallway. But remember, all you need to do is get finished with your work. Heres an example:
But, what about that breakfast? Do you have to go to the store to get the ingredients youll need? Will the store be open? Gotta get this work done, focus! Look at this chipped nail. Will they have what you are looking for in the market? Saturday brunch sounds great! Ill see if my *Email notification* Will you have enough time to make it and eat? I wonder if they know that the light bulb is out. Oh right, back to work. Thats great, Ill pick you up at noon, and then we can *Sound of the printer* Eggs or pancakes?
Sound overwhelming? Thats because it is.
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Is Adhd A Developmental Disability
Yes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , ADHD is among the most common developmental disorders for children, impacting neurodevelopment. Along with autism, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disabilities, learning disabilities, vision impairment and others, ADHD is also considered a developmental disability.
Who Can Make A Diagnosis
Different specialists are qualified to test and diagnose different conditions. There might be variations depending on where you live and an individual clinicians qualification.
- Child psychiatrist: They can evaluate for ADHD but not an LD.
- Clinical psychologist: They can evaluate for both ADHD and LD.
- Educational psychologist: They can evaluate for an LD and, depending on their training, can evaluate for ADHD.
- Neuropsychologist: They can evaluate for both ADHD and LD.
- School psychologist: If they are working in a school, they can evaluate for an LD but not ADHD. However, if they are seen privately outside of school, they might be able to evaluate for and diagnose ADHD.
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Is Adhd A Learning Disability Help & Answers For Parents
ADHD is one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders in children, affecting around 5% of kids nationwide. Its also a primary reason why some bright children struggle in school, affecting their ability to learn and frustrating their parents and teachers.
ADHD is not currently classified as a learning disability, although its symptoms can make learning in a traditional school setting difficult. ADHD affects many of the traits and behaviors children need to excel in school, which is why many children with ADHD have trouble in the classroom.
Even though ADHD isnt technically a learning disability, a large percentage of children with ADHD also have a diagnosable learning disability. Some have overlapping symptoms, while others may share a common origin through brain chemistry and physiology.
Adhd And Learning Disabilities: Whats The Connection
ADHD and learning disabilities are problems children might have that interfere in their learning. ADHD, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, is an executive functioning impairment. An example of executive functioning is the ability to focus and pay attention to something long enough to take it in and process it. Other aspects of executive function include sustaining effort to complete a task and working memory. Additionally, ADHD can have a behavior component involving hyperactivity and difficulty remaining still. Like learning disabilities, ADHD directly interferes in a childs ability to learn however, ADHD and learning disabilities are different.
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