Adhd In The Classroom
While the prevalence estimates vary, the research consistently points to a high rate of comorbidity between ADHD and auditory processing deficits, with estimates varying from 45% to 70% of children with ADHD also demonstrating language-processing impairments.
In addition to the attentional problems, these children also cannot fully utilize their potential due to an auditory or language processing weakness. An analogy would be if you are on your cell phone and the signal keeps going in and out: not only would you have to exert extra energy to pay closer attention to attempt to decipher the information, but youre also going to miss out on parts of the conversation due to the signal completely being missed.
This is similar to what an ADHD child with a language processing problem experiences in the classroom when the teacher is lecturing and they are simply unable to keep up with the rate of information being presented to them.
And when we take into account the fact that about 85% of what goes on in the classroom is the teacher talking or lecturing, we can easily see why an ADHD child with a language processing deficit might fail to perform executive functioning tasks like following instructions, turning in their homework on time, or organizing their calendar. They are functioning on incomplete information due to the language processing disorder.
Tips For Reading Success
How Do People With Adhd Enjoy Reading
People with ADHD enjoy reading by turning scenes into movies or flashbacks in their minds. By re-reading passages to find the hidden meaning and connections, they may find themselves in a trance of delight. Understanding how to do this can create a significant reading comprehension boost.
Its important to note that an ADHD mind is most often an active mind its always in motion. It is not that they cannot do the same things as other people. It is that their minds are constantly thinking, analyzing, and sorting. They need to continually shift gears when doing a task.
People with ADHD learn best after solving a problem. This is why they are natural problem-solvers. So make sure to give them problems to solve. Have them solve a puzzle, make a model, or solve a math puzzle. If they are visual learners, have them color in a coloring book or read a magazine. If they are auditory learners, have them listen to a podcast or listen to music.
You May Like: How To Avoid Autism During Pregnancy
Expose Children With Adhd To High
Have a kid with ADHD who’s struggling to read well? Try giving such children books about subjects that actually interest them. If a student likes trains, for instance, have the child read a book about the topic. Giving children books about topics they enjoy can help them do a better job of recalling what they’ve read. During the process, teach the student a variety of literacy strategies, including how to become an active reader.
Students with ADHD will have an easier time maintaining attention on reading passages that are exciting, stimulating, and of shorter length.
Reading Strategies For Adhd Students
When addressing ADHD and reading problems, homeschooling parents have many tools and methods at their disposal that might not be options in a traditional classroom. Whether you are wondering how to teach a child with ADHD to read, or how to remediate some of the issues your reader is having, the following strategies may help.
- Understanding how your child best learns can go a long way toward choosing reading programs and tools that will meet his/her needs.
- Take advantage of multimedia and interactive tools to keep your student engaged during reading instruction.
- Make daily reading a regular part of your routine. Read aloud to your child, even while they are busy with activities such as building with construction toys or bouncing a ball.
- When teaching reading, simplify instructions as much as possible and be careful to avoid multi-step directives.
- Question students frequently to ensure their mastery of what they are learning.
- Notice whether your student responds better to oral or written directions, then remember to use their preferred method when giving future instructions.
- Instead of required reading, focus on books that align with your homeschoolers specific interests to keep him/her motivated.
- Take frequent breaks during reading instruction and separate longer lessons into smaller segments.
- Teach students visualization techniques for reading being able to picture what they are reading about can help them comprehend and retain information better.
Don’t Miss: Is Junie B Jones Autistic
For Parents Of Children With Adhd
Snyder recommends first ruling out a reading or learning disability. She says parents can request this testing through their schools.
If is present, schools should provide additional support to kids to help with reading , Snyder says.
Make sure to communicate with teachers regularly, and ask for some additional support in the classroom from aides or the teacher to help the student engage in learning activities, adds Ho.
Another indicates that ADHD is associated with poor school performance, including lower grades and test scores. Early intervention and accommodations can help children perform better inside and outside of the classroom.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers a list of resources that may assist children and students with ADHD in school.
If you feel your child may be experiencing reading problems, Jocelyn Patterson, MPS, a licensed medical health professional, encourages you to ask questions.
Ask your child about their experience. It will be so much easier to find a solution if you have a clear vision of what the problem is, she says.
She also recommends asking other parents if theyve experienced something similar. While asking a professional is encouraged, sometimes people who have been there can find the most creative and impactful solutions.
A pediatrician or child psychologist may also be able to evaluate and diagnose your child with ADHD and offer further support.
Reading Strategy Number : Check Your Reading Comprehension
Child with ADHD are more likely to have under-developed reading comprehension skills.
Reading comprehension is a person’s ability to understand what they read. If your reading comprehension isn’t too great, it could be making it difficult for you to enjoy reading.
What I want you to do now is check your reading comprehension. And to do that, you will need to ask yourself a couple of questions. All the questions will be about this article:
1. Why Are You Reading This Article?
You might say because you want to learn how to read more. Or you have a relative with ADHD who needs help reading. Perhaps someone close to you is worrying because they can’t finish reading an entire book.
Before you start reading a book, you should ask yourself why you are reading it and how finishing it will benefit you. Doing so will give you a purpose and make you think twice about not finishing.
2. If You Had to Summarize the Previous Paragraph in One Sentence, What Would You Say?
Here’s my answer: People reads books for a reason, knowing why you want to read a book before you start reading will increase your chances of finishing.
Summarizing pages or chapters of a book is a great way to check your reading comprehension and draw more from the text.
Recommended Reading: A Los Nios Autistas Les Gusta El Agua
Reading Problems And Add
A reading comprehension problem is probably the most common symptom of ADD, the true genetic disorder seen clinically in providing assessment for over twenty years. Unfortunately, when decoding skills are poor or reading comprehension problematic, the focus will be on the reading problem as opposed to the presence of an attention disorder. Children and adults are mistakenly labeled dyslexic, a term used by neuropsychologists to label aphasic disorders. While there are those cases that improve when language is directly targeted, the majority continue to evidence reading and reading comprehension problems. They may read slowly with the energy spent upon decoding and a result of not knowing what they just read. In other words, reading fluency is not sufficient to provide a visual picture and to comprehend what one is reading. This is the reason that diagnosed ADD individuals will report that they have to read things several times. While possibly a result of distractibility the more likely causal factor is reading fluency.
Tips For Children With Adhd Who Struggle To Read
#1 Read To and With Your Child
Reading to your child is the number one tip for all parents, regardless of what reading development stage, theyre currently at. Even if your child has the ability to read on their own without your help, there is a substantial amount of value to be gained from reading aloud to them. The listening skills children exhibit are commonly far more robust than their reading skills, so by reading a book aloud as your child reads along with you silently, you boost their level of comprehension and understanding of the text.
Its best to start with small passages of text, gradually increasing the time spent reading if your child is able to maintain their focus. Audiobooks are an excellent choice if youre unable to read to your child or you simply want to extend the amount of time theyre read aloud to.
#2 Their Imagination is Key
Building reading skills isnt just about reading there are many other facets involved in the development process. Your childs imagination plays a significant role in improving their reading comprehension. When your child is reading or being read to, encourage them to imagine what is happening in the story ask them to create a movie in their mind. After every two or three pages, ask your little one to describe what theyve read/heard.
#3 Show How Books are Structured
Where fiction is concerned, teach your child the five Ws:
Who are the main characters?
Where does the story take place?
When does the story take place?
Also Check: How To Get Organized With Adhd
Boost Adhd Reading Comprehension With Connectors
Finding connectors can be a good way to search the reading material. Help them find connectors that can be associated with things in the book. Many good readers do this silently. It may help your child to start using this strategy by making connections out loud to you. For example: I wonder why he called him Thor, or why the hammer is like thunder? That reminds me of what we talked about in Social Studies yesterday. By making connections you are creating a stronger ability for information to stick. Help them relate to parts of the story.
How Adhd Affects Reading
To figure out how ADHD affects reading, you have to revisit your childhood.
All children have an innate desire to learn, ADHD can’t change that. But a child with ADHD will need a unique learning approach because ADHD affects working memory .
Children with ADHD are especially capable of giving attention to things they like, even more so than a non-ADHD child. As a result, the books used to teach ADHD children reading should appeal to their interests.
A child is more likely to remember an interesting book than a boring book. The catch here is that all this also applies to adults.
Disclaimer: As an ADHD child I won awards for reading. Now as an ADHD adult I get paid to read.
Below you will learn strategies that address common adult ADHD reading problems to give you the confidence and know how to finish an entire book from start to finish.
You May Like: How Do You Find Out If Your Child Has Autism
Reading Strategies For Students With Add/adhd
Academic reading can be a struggle for any student but it can be especially difficult for students with attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder . Reading requires controlled focus and prolonged attention, which most students with ADD/ADHD do not adequately regulate.
Tell me if this scenario sounds familiar: You pick up a book or an article that your teacher assigned. If youre lucky, you get to the bottom of the page without stopping. But wait when you get to the bottom of the page, or even the end of the paragraph, you realize that you dont even remember a single word. Ugh! Back to the top to read it all over again oh wait now youre hungry and you need to check Snapchat so long, book.
I can only imagine how frustrating the above scenario must be for students when it happens all day long. I dont personally have ADD/ADHD, but as a high school Special Education teacher, I see so many students suffer through their readings or even give them up altogether due to difficulty regulating focus and concentration.
Here are 3 reading strategies for students with ADD/ADHD
1. Listen to the audio version.
If the reading assignment is a novel, there is an audio book version out there. Find it. Rent it. Download it. Do what you have to do to GET THAT AUDIO BOOK.
2. Read aloud.
3. Go. Stop. Go.
ADD/ADHD and hyperfocus
Adhd & Reading Comprehension Problems: What’s The Connection
Reading comprehension is a common problem affecting both children and adults with ADHD, resulting in poor test scores, bad grades, and missed assignments.
However, poor reading comprehension doesnt always originate from an attentional disorder instead, there may be other underlying issues present as well, such as an auditory or language processing disorder. Auditory processing disorders prohibit language, both spoken and written, from being processed efficiently causing incoming information to be more confusing and difficult to follow.
Unfortunately, when faced with complaints of poor focus or reading comprehension, many physicians will simply prescribe stimulant ADHD medications, without first identifying the root of the problem. These difficulties are often caused by dysregulation in regions of the brain that are involved in attention and language processing, and in cases in which these areas are already overactive, the blind prescription of stimulant medications may actually make these problems worse.
At the Drake Institute, we believe there’s a better way to treat these symptoms. For 3 decades, we have utilized advanced, non-drug treatment protocols utilizing quantitative EEG brain map-guided Neurofeedback and more recently Neuromodulation as well to help both children and adults find long-term symptom relief.
Recommended Reading: Can You Be Autistic And Have Adhd
Show How Books Are Organized
Textbooks are often structured in a way that highlights and summarizes important material. Show your child how paying attention to captions, charts, section headings, and sample study questions can organize his thinking and provide valuable facts.
When your child reads fiction, train him to look for the five Ws: Who are the main characters, where and when does the story take place, what conflicts do the characters face, and why do they act as they do.
Although newspaper and magazine articles dont always contain a narrative, information about the five Ws typically appears in the first paragraph or two.
Preview Content To Improve Reading Comprehension
Preview content with the student. Summarize key points of the material to be read in the same sequence as it appears in the passage. Provide general information about the topic area, setting, characters, conflicts in the story, etc. Before the student begins reading a passage, walk them through several previewing techniques by reviewing the title of the reading selection, headings, illustrations, bolded or italicized sentences, sidebars, and chapter questions. Talk about how the reading material is organized.
Teach students how to find introductory paragraphs and summary paragraphs. Use story maps to help students identify and organize the main components of the reading material. Review and provide definitions for any new vocabulary that will be found in the reading sections.
Also Check: Does My Autistic Son Qualify For Ssi
The Drake Institute Solution
At the Drake Institute, a quantitative qEEG brain map is performed first to identify the weak areas or connections that are linked to the patient’s symptoms. Subsequently, the patient undergoes neurofeedback training and treatment to improve and strengthen those areas and connections.
If there is a language processing weakness, a secondary auditory-visual computerized training program is administered which helps the patient develop language processing and reading skills that they were lacking.
Our language processing training program is one of the most scientifically validated programs in the world. Whats more, because our treatment protocols dont rely on the use of temporary acting drugs, symptom reduction can be experienced long after treatment has ended.
Remember, ADHD children who struggle with reading and listening may not be struggling solely from an attention disorder the problem may only be partially coming from ADHD or ADD.
Does Adhd Worsen With Age
For people with ADHD, as they grow, their condition could get worse or better depending on how they handle it from their diagnosis. However, to reap the advantages of ADHD, people need to leverage their strengths. These can include stronger focus, deep concentration, strong memory, and agility. Work to bolster these strengths as you age.
Cultivating these skills as you grow can help you learn to live with the effects of ADHD throughout your life. There are many ways that individuals living with ADHD can live happy, successful lives.
As with all things, children differ. They all should be encouraged to participate in different areas of their lives. The key is that the brain of the individual with ADHD is wired differently, finding different solutions for the same problems.
Don’t Miss: Can A Brain Scan Diagnose Autism