Symptoms Of Primarily Inattentive Adhd
People who say they have ADD most likely have symptoms of inattentive type ADHD like forgetfulness and poor focus, organization, and listening skills. Inattentive ADHD often resembles a mood disorder in adults, while its seen as spacey, apathetic behavior in children, particularly girls.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V 2, six of the following symptoms must be present to warrant a diagnosis of ADHD, Primarily Inattentive Type:
- Often fails to give close attention to details, or makes careless mistakes
- Often has difficulty sustaining attention
- Often does not seem to listen when spoken to
- Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish projects
- Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
- Often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort
- Often loses things necessary for tasks/activities
- Is often easily distracted
- Is often forgetful in daily activities
If you think you have Primarily Inattentive Type ADHD, take one of our self-tests below and share your results with a medical professional.
Parenting Tips For Children With Adhd
If your child is hyperactive, inattentive, or impulsive, it may take a lot of energy to get them to listen, finish a task, or sit still. The constant monitoring can be frustrating and exhausting. Sometimes you may feel like your child is running the show. But there are steps you can take to regain control of the situation, while simultaneously helping your child make the most of their abilities.
While attention deficit disorder is not caused by bad parenting, there are effective parenting strategies that can go a long way to correct problem behaviors. Children with ADHD need structure, consistency, clear communication, and rewards and consequences for their behavior. They also need lots of love, support, and encouragement.
There are many things parents can do to reduce the signs and symptoms of ADHD without sacrificing the natural energy, playfulness, and sense of wonder unique in every child.
Take care of yourself so youre better able to care for your child. Eat right, exercise, get enough sleep, find ways to reduce stress, and seek face-to-face support from family and friends as well as your childs doctor and teachers.
Establish structure and stick to it. Help your child stay focused and organized by following daily routines, simplifying your childs schedule, and keeping your child busy with healthy activities.
Help your child eat right. To manage symptoms of ADHD, schedule regular healthy meals or snacks every three hours and cut back on junk and sugary food.
Inattentive Type Adhd In Girls
While ADHD occurs in boys and girls at similar rates, boys are more likely to be diagnosed with the condition. Boys may be more likely to exhibit externalizing symptoms of the hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD, increasing the diagnosis rate since such symptoms tend to be more disruptive. Girls tend to exhibit more internalizing symptoms of ADHD, which may make it more difficult to spot, contributing to underdiagnosis.
Recommended Reading: Test To See If I Have Adhd
Add Vs Adhd: Are They The Same
Reviewed by Heather Cashell, LCSW
Are ADD and ADHD the same? Not quite. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and attention deficit disorder are commonly confused and associated with one another. Both terms are commonly used to refer to the same issue when there are different symptoms and subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
In the past, symptoms and behaviors such as poor time management or trouble listening were attributed to ADD, whereas hyperactivity and impulsivity were associated with ADHD.
Attention/deficit/hyperactivity disorder is now the preferred medical term that should be used when referring to the neurological condition and disorder that affects an individuals functioning and development, rather than the term ADD, as recorded in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition .
This name change reflects and gives equal weight to inattention and other characteristics such as hyperactivity exhibited with the disorder. Due to increased studies and findings, ADHD is broken into three subtypes, with ADD being an outdated term referring to one of the current subtypes.
The DSM-5 lists three subtypes or presentations of ADHD: predominantly inattentive ADHD, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD, and combined ADHD. What was called ADD is now known as inattentive-type ADHD.
What Is Hyperactive Impulsive Adhd
Hyperactive impulsive type ADHD is the stereotype most people imagine when they think of ADHD: a young boy, bouncing off the walls, and interrupting the teacher mid sentence. Yet, this description fits only a small portion of those with the condition. To have this type, a person must have 6 or more of the following symptoms:
- Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat.
- Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected.
- Runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate .
- Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly.
- Appears on the go or acts as if driven by a motor.
- Talks excessively.
- Blurts out the answers before the questions have been completed.
- Has difficulty awaiting turn.
Recommended Reading: Why Is Everyone Autistic Now
What People Mean By Add
The difference between the terms ADD and ADHD has to do with symptoms. ADHD has three main symptoms:
Most people with ADHD struggle in all three areas. But some mainly have trouble with attention, or focus. Before 1994, they would have been diagnosed with ADD . Today, the formal diagnosis is ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type.
There are other terms people use to refer to this type of ADHD. You might hear:
- ADHD without hyperactivity
- Inattentive ADHD
All of these terms mean the same thing ADHD when the main symptom is inattention.
When kids with ADHD mostly struggle with attention, their challenges arent always recognized. They may just come across as shy, daydreamy, or off in their own world. But trouble with focus impacts kids in lots of ways.
They might not follow through on projects or have trouble following directions. Its often hard for them to sift through information and know whats important and what isnt. They may be easily distracted and seem forgetful or careless.
History Of Add And Adhd
The American Psychiatric Association defines mental health conditions to help standardize terms and criteria used for diagnosis. In 1980, ADD replaced a previous behavioral disorder called hyperkinetic reaction of childhood when the classification was redefined, and then in 1987 ADHD replaced ADD. However, this change was controversial.
Here is a brief timeline of the changes in the behavioral disorder now known as ADHD:
- 1968: The behavioral disorder called “hyperkinetic reaction of childhood” was introduced.
- 1980: “ADD” replaced “hyperkinetic reaction of childhood,” with changes to the classification.
- 1987: “ADD without hyperactivity” was removed and replaced with “ADHD.”
- 1994: Three subtypes were added to the classification of ADHD.
- 2013: “Subtypes” of ADHD were changed to “presentations” of ADHD.
Due to the controversies and changes over the years, there is a lot of confusion about the terms “ADD” and “ADHD.””ADD” is not officially used anymore, but many people still use it anyway. Some people use the terms “ADD” and “ADHD” interchangeably. Other people use the term “ADD” to describe a presentation of ADHD called inattentive ADHD, or inattentive and distractible ADHD.
Read Also: How To Care For Autistic Child
Foods To Avoid If Your Child Has Adhd
Experts don’t believe diet can actually cause ADHD, but certain foods seem to worsen symptoms or cause behavior that mimics signs of the condition.
- Excess weight and eating disorders
- Sleep problems
More than two-thirds of people with ADHD have at least one other coexisting condition, whose symptoms can sometimes be hard to distinguish from those of ADHD.
What Exactly Is Adhd
Everyone has experienced having difficulty paying attention or controlling impulsive behavior at one time or another. For some people, the struggle to focus may be so severe or pervasive that it begins to interfere heavily with everyday tasks and detracts from their ability to perform academically, socially, and/or professionally. Those who fit into the latter description often experience the disorder known as ADHD.
ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that develops among children and affects their ability to learn. It can be distinguished by recognizable patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity, which are defined below:
You May Like: Can You Get Autism Later In Life
Add Vs Adhd: Is One Better Than The Other
by Health Writer
ADD and ADHD are distinct conditions, though they share many of the same symptoms. Their differences do not make one better or worse than the other, but gaining a proper understanding of each condition will arm you with the information you need to create the best treatment regimen possible.
You have ADD: You have trouble at company meetings, you find yourself constantly daydreaming and being snapped back to paying attention when someone says your name. You consistently lose your keys, forget appointments, and are one of the most disorganized people in the office.
Your co-worker, on the other hand, has ADHD. He is constantly moving, constantly talking, and never seems to complete anything, moving from one project to the next. He always looks busy, but he says he never feels like he has accomplished anything. Even though you are so different, you both have the same disorder. It is baffling to think that you both take the same medication and it helps decrease his symptoms of hyperactivity while providing you with more motivation.
ADD is commonly used to refer to Attention Deficit Disorder without hyperactivity and ADHD is often used to describe Attention Deficit Disorder with hyperactivity. Both are considered to be a type of the same condition. There are some major differences between ADD and ADHD:
ADHD , has symptoms such as fidgeting, being constantly in motion, restlessness, talking excessively, blurting out answers, and interrupting others.
A Brief Timeline Of The Changing Name Of Adhd
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is published by the American Psychiatric Association. It’s the standard guideline that doctors, mental health professionals, and clinicians use when they’re assessing and diagnosing ADHD and other mental health issues.
Each new update and revision of the DSM is eagerly anticipated, as it can mean a big or small change in what each condition is called, and in the criteria for diagnosing them, including ADHD.
Read Also: How To Cut My Autistic Son’s Hair
What Are The Seven Types Of Add
According to a popular theory, there are seven types of ADD or ADHD, and each type brings its own set of unique challenges. This theory postulates that the specific set of symptoms of the different types of ADD require different treatment recommendations rather than the traditional approach which is to treat all forms of ADD as one and the same. While theres no scientific consensus on accepting this theory, everyone can and does agree that living with the symptoms of ADD can be a painful and confusing experience that can deny an individual achieving fulfillment in their life.
Our ability to focus is crucial, and without it, many things tend to fall apart or fail. Even more painful sometimes than our own struggle with ADD, however, is the helplessness that comes when were forced to watch loved ones, friends, spouses, or children, endure ADDs negative symptoms.
Environmental Exposure To Toxins And Chemicals
Exposure to substances, especially lead, may be a contributing factor. Studies have indicated a relationship between ADHD and levels of lead in the bloodstream. One study, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, found that lead exposure was associated with the impulsivity-hyperactivity combined type of ADHD, but not the inattentive type.
Although the connection between lead and ADHD has been consistently demonstrated in research, its important to note that lead exposure is not the only cause of ADHD, nor does lead exposure guarantee that a child will develop ADHD.
Other environmental toxins, such as bisphenol A and phthalates, have more recently been found to be potentially problematic for brain health. But the connections between these toxins and ADHD have not yet been established.
You May Like: What Does High Functioning Autism Look Like In Adults
Ocd Compulsions Might Challenge A Person With Adhd
For most people with OCD, compulsions have to be carried out consistently, and according to precise rules. That kind of strict routine, which could often involve paying close attention to details, might be difficult for a person with ADHD.
In fact, some experts say that if youre trying to decide whether ADHD or OCD is the correct diagnosis, examining the complexity of rituals might be a good way to tell the difference.
who have studied the shared neurological and biological links between the conditions say between 8 percent and 25.5 percent of people may have a dual diagnosis both ADHD and OCD at the same time.
But some researchers think having both at the same time would be rare or highly unlikely.
These researchers think that because the effects of the disorder can look so similar, the dual diagnosis rates might actually be inflated. They suggest that the demands of OCD might cause an executive function overload with symptoms that look a lot like the ones caused by ADHD.
A small 2019 study seems to support the idea that ADHD is often misdiagnosed in people with OCD.
A group of children who were diagnosed with both conditions were treated only for OCD. As their OCD symptoms went down, so did the inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Researchers concluded that OCD may have created ADHD-like symptoms.
What Is The Meaning Of Add Vs Adhd
ADHD is the official, medical term for the condition regardless of whether a patient demonstrates symptoms of hyperactivity. ADD is a now-outdated term that is typically used to describe inattentive-type ADHD, which has symptoms including disorganization, lack of focus, and forgetfulness. People with inattentive ADHD are not hyper or impulsive.
You May Like: What Does The Puzzle Mean For Autism
What Are The Differences Between Add And Adhd
Attention deficit disorder is an outdated term for what experts now call attention deficit hyperactivity disorder .
The term ADD first appeared in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , a reference manual that helps mental health professionals diagnose mental health conditions.
Experts separated the condition into two subtypes:
- ADD with hyperactivity
- ADD without hyperactivity
When the American Psychiatric Association released a revised edition in 1987, they combined these two subtypes into one condition: ADHD.
Today, ADHD is one of the more common childhood mental health conditions. The says that about 9.4 percent of children and adolescents in the United States have ADHD.
Adults can have ADHD, too. According to a 2021 review , nearly 2.6 percent of adults globally have persistent ADHD from childhood, while about 6.7 percent of adults have symptoms of adult ADHD.
Since these estimates come from reported symptoms and diagnoses, some believe the real prevalence of ADHD could be higher.
Experts have identified three types of ADHD, based on the main symptoms involved:
- a combination of inattention and hyperactivity
Alternative And Complementary Therapies
Although there are many different types of supplements and diets that people have tried to treat ADHD, most dont have enough evidence for experts to recommend using them. You should always check in with a healthcare professional before trying a new diet or supplement.
According to the Academy of Pediatrics, the following alternative and complementary therapies are not supported by scientific evidence and are not recommended:
- Megavitamins and mineral supplements
Is There A Difference Between Add And Adhd In Behavioral Therapy Treatment
No matter what you call them, all three presentations of ADHD are treatable through the standard techniques of applied behavior analysis. Since ADD is just a subset of what we call ADHD today, theres no real difference in treatments between the two.
In fact, ABA therapy for ADD and ADHD is one of the few scientifically proven treatments available. According to the Clinical Psychology Review, behavioral therapy should be the first choice for treatment in mild cases or in preschool age children. Catching the disorder early and applying consistent and effective behavioral therapies can keep cases from getting to the point where medication becomes necessary.
There are plenty of tools in the ABA toolbox to handle ADHD, but some of the more common therapies used are:
- Discrete Trial Training DTT uses drills to model appropriate behaviors, breaking down troubling behaviors into a sequence of more manageable components and reinforcing them piece by piece.
- Self-management Training Typically used with older ADHD patients, this emphasizes using self-praise and other internal feedback techniques to calm the impulses they experience and even out behaviors.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy A hybrid of behavioral and psychotherapy techniques, this kind of treatment can be used one-on-one or in group settings to encourage patients to self-assess and self-regulate.
Effective Treatments For Adhd
To properly treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a diagnosis is needed. Diagnosing the condition can be challenging because theres not one single test to rely on. Instead, a health care provider or counselor may first work to rule out any other conditions causing the symptoms. Theyll then gather information and use psychological tests or ADHD rating scales to diagnose the mental health condition.
Criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual are essential in making a diagnosis.
- Other psychiatric disorders resemble ADHD.
- For example, many other mental health disorders can have similar symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, bipolar disorder, learning disability and language disorders, defiant disorder, or conduct disorder.
- A medical condition can affect behavior and thinking, like thyroid problems, low blood sugar, or a neurological condition like brain injuries.
- Certain drugs and medications can also cause similar symptoms.
Once theres an elimination of other potential issues, a treatment plan can begin.
You May Like: Free Worksheets For Autistic Students