Sunday, September 25, 2022

How To Tell If Your Child Is Slightly Autistic

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Breaking Through The Barriers Of Asd

Anxieties and Autism

ASD has no cure. But there is hope through treatment. Many children can learn to communicate and interact. Healthcare providers and mental health experts have learned a lot about how to break through to these children.

Here are some things we know about children with an ASD:

  • They may not be able to understand your nonverbal communications. They may not react to your smile or frown.

  • They take things literally. You need to be careful to say exactly what you mean. If you hurry the child by saying “Step on it,” don’t be surprised if they ask what to step on.

  • They may only be able to handle one thought or idea at a time. Keep conversations focused and simple.

  • They may want to only talk about the one thing they are really interested in at a given time. And they may want to talk about it over and over again.

  • They may see things differently than you do. You may not even notice ordinary sounds, tastes, touches, smells, and sights. But these may be physically painful to the child.

These Are The 5 Steps You Use To Teach Your Child To Follow Instructions:

  • Collect some data
  • You need to look at where your child is now so that you can choose the right level of instructions to teach. I have attached the âFollowing Instruction Formâ that can be used for collecting this information.

    There is a hierarchy for learning to follow instructions. In this article, we will go as far as 2-step instructions:

    • One step at home e.g. âsit downâ âcome hereâ âgiveâ
    • One step familiar instruction in other environments
    • One step novel instruction at home. This means that you change a familiar instruction very slightly so that you know your child is listening and following the instruction, rather than rote learning an instruction e.g. If you tell your child to put their cup on the kitchen bench after a drink, make it a novel instruction by saying âPut your cup in the sinkâ
    • One step novel instruction in other environments
    • Two step instructions at home e.g. âGet your hat and put it in your bagâ
    • Two step familiar routines in other environments

    You will notice that each level of instruction is separated out into following the instructions âat homeâ and following the instructions âin other environmentsâ. It is important that children follow instructions with different people and in different environments. Ask other people and collect information about other environments.

    Teaching your child has 4 steps:

    Letâs look at each step individually.

    • âget bagâ
    • âget your pack and give it to meâ

    Signs Of Asperger Syndrome

    People with Asperger syndrome are generally considered to be on the higher functioning end of the autism spectrum. It is still a form of autism and is a lifelong condition.

    Signs and symptoms that are typical of people with Asperger syndrome include:

    • Very narrow and highly focused interests
    • Great importance on rules and routines
    • High standard of language skills, potentially very formal in expression
    • Monotonous or repetitive speech
    • Making the same noise repeatedly
    • Scratching

    These behaviors provide the person with a form of sensory input that the person finds appealing or helpful. There are various reasons why someone could be engaging in self-stimulatory behavior:

    • They find it enjoyable
    • It provides something to focus on, thereby reducing the effects of other, nearby stimuli
    • It is soothing and helps with anxiety

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    Other Signs Of Autism

    You may also have other signs, like:

    • not understanding social “rules”, such as not talking over people
    • avoiding eye contact
    • getting too close to other people, or getting very upset if someone touches or gets too close to you
    • noticing small details, patterns, smells or sounds that others do not
    • having a very keen interest in certain subjects or activities
    • liking to plan things carefully before doing them

    What Teachers Can Do

    What Is Considered Mild Autism?

    Many students with autism can thrive in a structured environment, so establish a routine and keep it as consistent as possible. Adhering to daily schedules and allowing ample time for transitions can help with many students’ behavioral issues and frustrations.

    Instructional support is often needed within the classroom setting. Students with autism learn better with pictures and demonstrations. Limit long verbal instructions and provide visual cues and written instructions, when possible. Also limit distractions and use positive rewards for positive behaviors.

    Many people with autism have strong passions and deep interests. Getting to know your students’ likes and dislikes can help you understand what motivates them. Students with autism can participate in most activities that other kids and teens do, so provide encouragement to participate when appropriate.

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    Signs And Symptoms Of Autism

    There are many signs and symptoms that could indicate a person has autism spectrum disorder. Not all adults or children with autism will have every symptom, and some adults and children without autism may display some of the same behaviors and symptoms.

    People with autism spectrum disorder often have difficulties with communication, and connecting emotionally and socially with others. They may also process sensory information, such as sounds and smells, differently from other people. These differences can underlie some of the behavioral signs of autism that people may display.

    When looking for early signs of autism spectrum disorder, there are developmental milestones that children are expected to reach by certain ages, such as babbling by four months old and being able to use simple sentences by two years old. If a child reaches these milestones later, or does not develop the skills at all, it may indicate a developmental disorder such as autism spectrum disorder.

    Autism can be diagnosed by age two, though symptoms may be apparent much earlier.

    Signs In Boys Vs Girls

    The symptoms of autism are generally the same for both boys and girls. However, because autism is diagnosed in boys far more often than girls , classic symptoms are often described in a skewed manor.

    For example, an excessive interest in trains, the wheels on trucks, or strange dinosaur trivia is often very noticeable. A girl who doesnt play with trains, trucks, or dinosaurs might display less noticeable behaviors, like arranging or dressing dolls in a particular way.

    High-functioning girls also have an easier time mimicking average social behaviors. Social skills may be more innate in girls, which can make impairments less noticeable.

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    Signs Of Autism In Girls

    The ratio of boys to girls diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is 4:1. However, there is some evidence that autism is going undiagnosed in girls, particularly those who are at the higher functioning end of the spectrum.

    There is discussion around whether girls and women with autism may display different symptoms to boys and men, and that the current diagnostic criteria may be biased towards boys and stereotypical male behavior. Girls and women may also be better able to mask difficulties with social interactions than boys, and this may delay a diagnosis. New diagnostic criteria may be needed to assess ASD in girls and women. Past theories, including controversies such as the extreme male brain, may have led to under-referral and under-diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in girls and women.

    Signs that a girl may have autism include:

    • Difficulties with social interactions however, differences from typical autism symptoms may include:
    • Better grasp of emotions and ability to make friends than boys
    • May mask lack of intuitive understanding of social situations by repeating role-plays seen in real life or film/television
    • May be able to make friends but find difficulty keeping them
  • Intense focus on particular topics differences in gender may be expressed as a focus on trains or dinosaurs for boys, and celebrities or animals for girls,
  • Fewer repetitive behaviors and gestures than boys, or may have different gestures than boys
  • Remember They Are Just Kids

    “How to be Human: Diary of an Autistic Girl” Author Interview

    Autistic kids may not act a lot like neurotypical children, but remember youre still talking to someone whose thoughts and attitudes are being formed in an immature brain.

    With a little practice, you may find that you can talk to autistic kids just as easily as any kid. The results, for both you and the child, can be both positive in terms of their development of communication skills and enjoyable as you make an interpersonal connection.

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    What Are The Signs Of Autism In A 5 Year Old

    Signs of autism in children

    • not responding to their name.
    • avoiding eye contact.
    • not smiling when you smile at them.
    • getting very upset if they do not like a certain taste, smell or sound.
    • repetitive movements, such as flapping their hands, flicking their fingers or rocking their body.
    • not talking as much as other children.
    • repeating the same phrases.

    How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosed

    There are no laboratory tests to determine ASD. However, certain healthcare providers receive specific training and can do screenings and evaluations if needed and who might ask parents or teachers to record observations. These providers might include specialized physicians, psychologists and speech-language pathologists.

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    About The Diagnostic Process

    Of course, the ADI-R should not be the only evaluation tool used to diagnose an autism spectrum diagnosis. Ideally, in fact, an autism diagnosis should involve not a single individual but a team. Members of the team should include a pediatrician , a psychologist, a speech and language pathologist, and an occupational therapist. These specialists can conduct a range of assessments that look for specific types of challenges and behaviors that would indicate autism .

    What Is The Difference Between Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorder

    How to know if your child has special needs

    The term autism was changed to autism spectrum disorder in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association. ASD is now an umbrella term that covers the following conditions:

    • Autistic disorder.
    • Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified .
    • Asperger syndrome.

    People with ASD have trouble with social interactions and with interpreting and using non-verbal and verbal communication in social contexts. Individuals with ASD may also have the following difficulties:

    • Inflexible interests.
    • Insistence on sameness in environment or routine.
    • Repetitive motor and sensory behaviors, like flapping arms or rocking.
    • Increased or decreased reactions to sensory stimuli.

    How well someone with ASD can function in day-to-day life depends on the severity of their symptoms. Given that autism varies widely in severity and everyday impairment, the symptoms of some people arent always easily recognized.

    Read Also: Examples Of Restricted Repetitive Behaviors In Autism

    Do Make The Effort To Talk To Them

    Because talking to kids with autism can be difficult, many adults take the easy way out and just avoid including them in conversations in the first place. But thats a mistake both you and those children can benefit from attempts at conversation, even if they are not always successful.

    Theres also a tendency to assume that if an autistic child doesnt respond or shuts you down that they dont like you or dont want to talk. But thats not always the case that signal would be clear from a neurotypical individual but for someone with ASD, its just a part of the syndrome. Dont take it personally, and dont stop trying to gently involve autistic kids in your conversations. They probably want to engage, they just have more difficulty figuring out how.

    What Genius And Autism Have In Common

    A study of eight child prodigies finds that share some striking characteristics, most notably high levels of autistic traits and an overrepresentation of autism in their close family members

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    Child prodigies evoke awe, wonder and sometimes jealousy: how can such young children display the kinds of musical or mathematical talents that most adults will never master, even with years of dedicated practice? Lucky for these despairing types, the prevailing wisdom suggests that such comparisons are unfair prodigies are born, not made . Practice alone isnt going to turn out the next 6-year-old Mozart.

    So finds a recent study of eight young prodigies, which sought to shed some light on the roots of their talent. The prodigies included in the study are all famous , having achieved acclaim and professional status in their fields by the ripe age of 10. Most are musical prodigies one is an artist and another a math whiz, who developed a new discipline in mathematics and, by age 13, had had a paper accepted for publication in a mathematics journal. Two of the youngsters showed extraordinary skill in two separate fields: one child in music and art , and the other in music and molecular gastronomy . He became interested in food at age 10 and, by 11, had carried out his first catering event.

    Six of the prodigies were still children at the time of the study, which is slated for publication in the journal Intelligence. The other two participants were grown, aged 19 and 32.

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    New Symptoms That May Appear During Adolescence

    Autistic children can often find adolescence very difficult. Although they have the same hormones as all other teenagers, they dont naturally develop complex relationships and arent able to interpret or engage in the more types of relationships which develop as children get older. They can be prone to isolation and low moods, which can appear very intense and be difficult to read.

    Teaching Your Child To Follow Instructions

    Mild Autism: the 3 things Experts get wrong about mild autism

    One of the most valuable skills for children and adults with autism is the ability to follow instructions. When people with autism can follow instructions, this opens up more options for learning, making friends, options for school, and options for life after school.

    If your child can follow most one step instructions with just one reminder, then they will need less support at preschool. If your child can follow 2 step instructions, then they can have a much higher chance of managing in a mainstream school. If your teenager can follow instructions at home to complete regular daily routines independently or with minimal help, then they have more opportunity for work placement after school. When children and adults with autism follow instructions, to the best of their ability and with the least amount of help, it is easier for the people who are caring for them â parents, grandparents, teachers, group home staff, and the boss at work!

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    Prenatal Factors That May Contribute To Autism

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy, especially in the first 3 months.

    Nutritional deficiencies early in pregnancy, particularly not getting enough folic acid.

    The age of the mother and father

    Complications at or shortly after birth, including very low birth weight and neonatal anemia

    Maternal infections during pregnancy.

    Exposure to chemical pollutants, such as metals and pesticides, while pregnant.

    More research on these prenatal risk factors is needed, but if youre pregnant or trying to conceive, it cant hurt to take steps now to reduce your babys risk of autism.

    Reducing the risk of autism: Tips for expectant mothers

    Take a multivitamin. Taking 400 micrograms of folic acid daily helps prevent birth defects such as spina bifida. Its not clear whether this will also help reduce risk of autism, but taking the vitamins cant hurt.

    Ask about SSRIs. Women who are taking an SSRI should talk with a clinician about all the risks and benefits of these drugs. Untreated depression in a mother can also affect her childs well-being later on, so this is not a simple decision to make.

    Practice prenatal care. Eating nutritious food, trying to avoid infections, and seeing a clinician for regular check-ups can increase the chances of giving birth to a healthy child.

    Source: Harvard Health Publications

    What Does An Autism Diagnosis Mean For My Child

    An autism diagnosis can result in some beneficial effects, but also comes with associated risks, disadvantages, and contraindications. Once your child is diagnosed with autism, you can expect your doctor to devise a specific treatment plan, comprised of therapy and/or medication to help your child function more easily in daily life. You can also seek specific guidance and support for your child to thrive at school. Despite these benefits, a diagnosis of autism also come with the risk of social stigmatization for the child. There is also a range of physical and mental-health conditions that frequently accompany autism including but not limited to: gastrointestinal problems, epilepsy, ADHD, anxiety, and depression.

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    Early Signs Of Autism In A 3 Year Old

    As your kid grows older, certain signs become a little bit less clear compared to the first few months. You can get a better idea by checking the developmental milestones to see if your child is behind on some.

    • Some autism red flags for 3 year olds are as follows:
    • Prefers being alone,
    • Doesnt like physical contact
    • Has difficulty in understanding feeling
    • Doesnt respond when their name is called
    • Is not able to form sentences
    • Speaks in flat tone

    What Are The Signs Of Autism

    How To Teach An Autistic Child To Tell The Time

    The autism diagnosis age and intensity of autisms early signs vary widely. Some infants show hints in their first months. In others, behaviors become obvious as late as age 2 or 3.

    Not all children with autism show all the signs. Many children who dont have autism show a few. Thats why professional evaluation is crucial.

    The following may indicate your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. If your child exhibits any of the following, ask your pediatrician or family doctor for an evaluation right away:

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    Support Available For Autistic Children When Becoming Teenagers

    Some local authorities have charities operating within them, so search the website of your local author to see what support is available. Some offer buddying volunteers for young people with autism who would otherwise have no peer friendships, while others provide support groups for parents and advice on how to navigate the Education, Health and Care Plan process.

    For more details on Aspris Children’s Services, please call 0118 970 8068 or

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