Saturday, May 18, 2024

Stages Of Speech Development In Autism

Don't Miss

How Does Asd Affect Communication

Expressive Language Development in Toddlers with Autism…The Autism Podcast Series…Laura Mize

The word autism has its origin in the Greek word autos, which means self. Children with ASD are often self-absorbed and seem to exist in a private world in which they have limited ability to successfully communicate and interact with others. Children with ASD may have difficulty developing language skills and understanding what others say to them. They also often have difficulty communicating nonverbally, such as through hand gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions.

The ability of children with ASD to communicate and use language depends on their intellectual and social development. Some children with ASD may not be able to communicate using speech or language, and some may have very limited speaking skills. Others may have rich vocabularies and be able to talk about specific subjects in great detail. Many have problems with the meaning and rhythm of words and sentences. They also may be unable to understand body language and the meanings of different vocal tones. Taken together, these difficulties affect the ability of children with ASD to interact with others, especially people their own age.

Below are some patterns of language use and behaviors that are often found in children with ASD.

Augmentative And Alternative Communication

Children diagnosed with autism are unable to verbally express feelings, thoughts and needs. Their struggle to communicate even the most basic needs through nonverbal or verbal modes can be frustrating to them and their caregivers. The lack of adequate communicative behaviour often hampers learning and literacy and creates significant obstacles to social and emotional development and independence. Use of an AAC system can serve as a bridge from a life where thoughts, feelings and needs are held in silence, to a life where interaction, expression and learning are possible. Additionally, use of AAC for children with autism may stimulate brain development facilitate access to social information and literacy experiences reduce the need to communicate through aberrant behaviours, and enhance self-concept .

Guidelines For Aac Use

Before introducing AAC to a child, his or her communication goals should be determined and discussed by professionals and parents. Assessments may be conducted to decide on the suitability of a specific method of AAC. The following general guidelines may provide some direction for planning strategies for a child who uses an AAC system.

Don’t Miss: What Month Is Autism Awareness

Put More Feeling Into Talking To The Child

Lets say you are telling your kid to go brush their teeth. Change that into: wow, look in the mirror! Your smile is gorgeous. Should we make it shine?

With sentences like these, you are using an emotional, visual and open sentence to help them understand the feeling behind what you are saying and why you are saying it.

There are different factors that go into how we talk and how the child hears what we are saying

  • Go wash your hands

They are closed sentences and they give information and the child is just supposed to go and do it.

Language Delay Vs Typical Development

Best 25+ Early intervention ideas on Pinterest

The University of Michigan notes that typical language development follows a fairly standard pattern. Here’s some of what you can expect from a typically-developing child:

  • – Crying with purpose or using different cries for different needs
  • – Babbling repeated consonant sounds
  • – Imitating the inflection of speech, recognizing own name, and saying at least one word
  • – Using at least 15 words
  • – Communicating needs like “more,” waving and gesturing, making animal sounds, understanding “no,” and using two words together
  • – Using 450 words, speaking in short sentences, identifying body parts and colors, and using some plural words
  • – Speaking in sentences of four or more words, telling a story
  • – Asking questions, speaking in sentences of at least four or five words, using at least 1500 different words, using past tense

Missing these milestones may signify a language delay, but it’s essential that parents have a speech pathologist conduct a formal assessment to know for sure. There are many causes for a language delay, and autism is only one of them.

Recommended Reading: Does Autism Qualify For Ssi

Defining Spoken Language Benchmarks And Selecting Measures Of Expressive Language Development For Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Helen Tager-Flusberg, Boston University School of MedicineSally Rogers, University of California, Davis/MIND InstituteJudith Cooper, NIDCDRebecca Landa, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Johns Hopkins School of MedicineCatherine Lord, University of Michigan Rhea Paul, Yale Child Study CenterMabel Rice, University of KansasCarol Stoel-Gammon, University of WashingtonAmy Wetherby, Florida State UniversityPaul Yoder, Vanderbilt University

KEYWORDS: Autism Autism Spectrum Disorders Language Acquisition

They Can Also Be Due To A Speech Motor Disorder Ex:

I found it very interesting and helpful to look at each stage in more depth to really understand where my son was at. You may also notice that your child does begin to acquire more language, but later loses it. in previous years, it was commonly believed that a child who failed to significantly acquire language before the age of five had a dismally low chance of later language acquisition. Let the child know when something is going to end and something new is about to start.

You May Like: What Percentage Of Autistic Adults Get Married

When Looking Online How Do I Know What Information I Can Trust

These days we can easily access lots of valuable information and resources online. However, it is important that we identify key, reliable and trustworthy sources of information. There might be local support groups in your area or even online on social media sites such as Facebook. These can be useful places to go to for advice. Linking in with people who have been in a similar situation to you can be a great first step when looking for support. You can also look to trustworthy websites such as the HSE, AsIAm, the Irish Association of Speech and Language Therapists National Autistic Society,Middletown Centre for Autism for guidance and advice as well.

When looking online, be careful that the information you are looking at is reliable. It is important that any interventions you find are evidence based. Sometimes, if you feel like you are struggling to find something that works, you may feel like you are willing to try anything to help your child. It can be a good idea to go back to your trustworthy sources of information mentioned above and ask if anyone has any experience with that intervention or strategy etc.? You should also check with your GP or Speech and Language Therapist if they are familiar with what you have come across online.

Treatment For Speech And Language Delays

Is It Speech Delay or Autism? | Early Autism Signs in Toddlers

It is important to identify speech/language problems early, so your child can begin treatment. Treatment should begin as soon as possible. Research shows that children know a lot about language long before the first word is ever said. If your child needs treatment, it should be developmentally appropriate and individualized. Your childs treatment team might include a doctor, an audiologist, a speech-language pathologist, an occupational therapist, and/or a social worker.

Recommended Reading: Does The Army Accept Autistic

Why Arent These Effective

These arent sentences that YOUR child would tell YOU. If we put ourselves in the kids shoes for a minute, we are able to see that they are just receiving orders and information, would you ever feel like answering to someone whos just giving you orders and information?

So how should we fix this issue?

  • Speak softly think about how you have spoken to them recently? Every adult speaks very loud to non-verbal kids. At first when you lower your voice it might come as a shock to the kid and they will think to themselves what is going on
  • Use open questions and thought you expect a reply it enables them to realize that communication is a 2-way street.
  • Use tones and feeling
  • Speak enough so that you can speak softly
  • Temple Grandin said once that her mom would speak to her slowly and slowly, she was like I get it.

    You can put interrogation, emotion, joy and enthusiasm when you want to say how was your day? to your kid.

    You have a different tone when you are thinking Im going to ask this, and my kid wont answer and Im going to move on.

    That is mostly because parents are very busy and if your child is non-verbal you are extremely busy. But these simple steps can go a long way.

    At Mendability, all the children we work with would develop a level of natural communication with Sensory Enrichment.

    We want the children who can express whats inside and share it with us and we can share it with them too.

    Autism And Language Development: Will My Child Ever Speak

    By Yolande Loftus, BA, LLB

    A childs first word is a magical milestone. If there is a delay in the commencement of spoken language this milestone may become a minefield of stress for parents. According to research a delay in the onset of spoken language is frequently the most worrying aspect expressed by parents of children with autism spectrum disorders .

    In this article, language development of children with autism will be examined. Spoken language delays and subsequent consequences will be investigated with a concentration on relevant research. The success of early intervention strategies and solution-focused approaches to facilitate language acquisition and skills will also be discussed.

    You May Like: Is Aba Therapy Only For Autism

    Social Developmental Delay Vs Typical Development

    According to PBS, the standard progression of social development involves several age-related milestones. A typically-developing child will most likely develop according to the following pattern:

    • – Smiling, showing enjoyment of interaction, responding to comfort from caregivers
    • – Laughing, playing simple games like peek-a-boo, responding to name
    • – Showing distress at loss of a toy and anxiety at separation from parent or caregiver, expressing different emotions, responding to gestures
    • – Imitating adult behaviors, displaying frustration, pride, affection, and other emotions
    • – Understanding gender, playing pretend, watching and interacting with other children
    • – Joining in play, taking turns, using more elaborate pretend play routines
    • – Adding more detail to pretend play, having friendships

    A child who misses these milestones may or may not have autism. If you notice that a child is behind on some of these skills, talk to a pediatrician about a referral to a child psychologist for a formal assessment.

    Language Development In Autistic Children

    Autism Spectrum Disorder

    All children start developing language from the day theyre born. This happens through relationships and play with other people.

    It can be harder for autistic children to learn and use language than it is for typically developing children.

    Autistic children might have difficulty learning language because they tend to show less interest in other people in the first 12 months of life. They might be more focused on other things going on around them. Because they might not need or want to communicate with other people as much as typically developing children do, they dont get as many chances to develop their language skills.

    For example, a three-month-old baby who is distracted by a ceiling fan is less likely to tune into a smiling and tickling game with their parents. By nine months, if the baby still isnt tuning into parents, the baby is less likely to point at things they want to share with parents. The baby is less likely to listen to their parents as they name things. This means the baby misses these chances to build vocabulary.

    Recommended Reading: How To Raise An Autistic Teenager

    Autism Spectrum Disorder And Early Stage Development:

    If a child does not achieve milestones, an examination by pediatricians, and other professionals familiar with child development will be required. Other medical complications may need to be ruled out before examining autism or other developmental disabilities.

    However, if autism is suspected, the early signs will usually be noticeable within the first two years. Social difficulties in the first year are commonly noticed by parents. These may include the child not responding to their name, not babbling or cooing, not smiling back at parents, and not tracking toys with their eyes. There are also other important milestones that can indicate a higher chance of autism. These include some language being learned but then lost, or a plateau effect where a child reaches some milestones as expected, and then fails to make further progress.

    Physical Delay Vs Typical Development

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that typically developing children will achieve the following developmental milestones:

    • – Holding head up, pushing with legs when supported in a standing position, pushing up to elbows when lying on belly
    • – Rolling over both ways, beginning to sit with help
    • – Sitting independently, pulling to stand, cruising on furniture
    • – Walking independently, drinking and eating using utensils
    • – Learning to run, walking up and down stairs with help, kicking a ball, copying lines and circles when drawing
    • – Running, riding a tricycle, climbing up and down stairs
    • – Standing on one foot for two seconds, eating with a fork, catching a ball
    • – Standing on one foot for 10 seconds, using toilet, hopping

    If a child is not meeting physical milestones for his age, talk to his pediatrician. Even if the the physical delay isn’t related to autism, early intervention with a physical therapist or an adaptive physical education teacher can be very helpful.

    Recommended Reading: Is Autism Classed As Special Needs

    How Are The Speech And Language Problems Of Asd Treated

    If a doctor suspects a child has ASD or another developmental disability, he or she usually will refer the child to a variety of specialists, including a speech-language pathologist. This is a health professional trained to treat individuals with voice, speech, and language disorders. The speech-language pathologist will perform a comprehensive evaluation of the childs ability to communicate, and will design an appropriate treatment program. In addition, the speech-language pathologist might make a referral for a hearing test to make sure the childs hearing is normal.

    Teaching children with ASD to improve their communication skills is essential for helping them reach their full potential. There are many different approaches, but the best treatment program begins early, during the preschool years, and is tailored to the childs age and interests. It should address both the childs behavior and communication skills and offer regular reinforcement of positive actions. Most children with ASD respond well to highly structured, specialized programs. Parents or primary caregivers, as well as other family members, should be involved in the treatment program so that it becomes part of the childs daily life.

    What Causes Speech And Language Problems

    Baby and Toddler Milestones, Dr. Lisa Shulman
    • Developmental speech and language disorders are a common reason for speech/language problems in kids. These learning disorders are caused by the brain working differently. Your child may have trouble producing speech sounds, using spoken language to communicate, or understanding what other people say. Speech and language problems are often the earliest sign of a learning disability.
    • Hearing loss is often overlooked, and easily identified. If your child is speech/language delayed, their hearing should be tested.
    • Extreme environmental deprivation can cause speech delay. If a child is neglected or abused and does not hear others speaking, they will not learn to speak.
    • Prematurity can lead to many kinds of developmental delays, including speech/language problems.
    • Auditory Processing Disorder describes a problem with decoding speech sounds. These kids can improve with speech and language therapy.
    • Neurological problems like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and traumatic brain injury can affect the muscles needed for speaking.
    • Autism affects communication. Speech/language/communication problems are often an early sign of autism.
    • is a specific speech disorder in which the child has difficulty in sequencing and executing speech movements.
    • Selective mutism is when a child will not talk at all in certain situations, often school.

    You May Like: How Do You Know If Someone Is Autistic

    Autism Diagnostic Criteria For Early Stage

    Some features of autism are that the child may appear less motivated by social interaction, have limited eye contact or may appear less aware of people in their environment. Regression can occur in some cases, in which a child has social skills develop to some extent and are then lost as the child gets slightly older. Motor issues may also indicate autism, many children with autism have difficulties with gross and fine motor imitation, reaching, pointing, and grasping. Sitting up and orienting to sounds may be delayed. As a child learns to walk, there may be some coordination difficulties, and toe walking may be noticed by parents.

    Autism can impact the early-stage development. Children with autism may develop more slowly overall, or they may show signs of splintered development. This is when one particular skill area is far advanced compared to the childs other developmental areas. A child might excel with motor skills, reading, puzzles, or math problems, but struggle with social interactions, sensory issues or with self-regulation skills that affect them academically. It is important to note that one of these indicators alone is not enough to diagnose autism and that a determination of autism should always be made involving your family doctor.

    Boost Your Childs Speech Development

    Improve language & communication skills with fun learning!

    Linguists reason that the human brain has an innate predisposition to acquire language. Cognitive development as far as learning language manifests itself even though it is not taught . The Poverty of Stimulus states that children are able to learn rich language systems quickly and effortlessly, even with limited exposures, with no direct teaching .

    As a result of this innate capacity, the stages of language acquisition occur in basically the same order for all children, universally! These milestones are:

    Also Check: Can An Autistic Person Be An Empath

    More articles

    Popular Articles