Sunday, September 25, 2022

Is Autism Classed As Special Needs

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Get Extra Support If Your Child Needs It

The special needs of children with autism

If your child needs extra support their school does not usually provide, they’ll need an education, health and care plan .

This is a document from your local council. It says what education and health needs your child has and what support they should get.

This can either help:

  • the school apply for extra money so they can support your child
  • you apply for a place at a school that’s better for your child

Your child does not need to have been diagnosed with autism to get extra support.

Autism And Intellectual Disability

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

The incidence of autism is 1 in 68 births in the United States. The occurrence is about 4.5 times more common in boys with a 1 in 42 incidence rate and girls have a rate of 1 in 1892.

About 1 in 6 children in the United States had a developmental disability in 2006-2008, ranging from mild disabilities such as speech and language impairments to serious developmental disabilities, such as intellectual disabilities, cerebral palsy, and autism2.

Importance Of Family In Learning Disabilities

Families have a big role in the processing disorders with the help of treatment and training. First of all, families should be informed about autism and nonverbal learning disability , be equipped with proper methods about behaviors and attitudes, and show a supportive attitude at home towards the childs training with signs and symptoms. Children with autism who have trouble with socialization feel more comfortable at home atmosphere and therefore may be more open to learning. With the right methods and forms of training, parents can help their children improve faster with paying attention to their childrens learning disabilities. Neuro-psychological disorders are not problems that cannot be overcome. Only the right approach and training process are needed and a special approach towards such as special education programs for individuals with autism is required. You can fight with autism, overcome learning disabilities, and develop personal skills by taking your place in the Otsimo app, where education and love come together!

References:

  • Types of Learning in Children with Learning Inabilities – signs and symptoms:

Also Check: Link Between Gestational Diabetes And Autism

Classroom Design: The Ultimate Guide To Autism Classroom Setup

Organizing & Setting Up Classrooms| Physical Space | September 2, 2017

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Once you know what the students goals and needs are, and have the schedule set up, you can start think about classroom design. Well, I mean lets be realyouve been thinking about that since you walked back into the classroom.

But, really you can concentrate on it now that you know what the activities need to be to meet the students you have now. You know which areas you need and which materials need to be in them.

So, I have gathered all my posts of classroom layouts for different ages. And I thought I would start with a quick overview of the goals we want to achieve in setting up the room.

Signs And Symptoms Of Asd

Canby boy with autism and his service dog attend first day ...

People with ASD have difficulty with social communication and interaction, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. The list below gives some examples of the types of behaviors that are seen in people diagnosed with ASD. Not all people with ASD will show all behaviors, but most will show several.

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Equipment And Materials Related To Eligible Services And Supports:

You can use childhood budgets or interim one-time funding to purchase:

  • program materials such as books, visual timers and curriculum assessment kits, to help your child reach his or her goals
  • equipment that helps to support your child, such as protective equipment, Kevlar sleeves, and augmentative communication devices

What Is Asperger’s Syndrome And How Is It Different Than Autism

The term Asperger’s Syndrome refers to individuals within the autism spectrum who do not necessarily experience severe intellectual impairments but do face a range of social impairments. The major distinction is that language developed normally up to the age of 3. Individuals with Asperger’s retain normal or near-normal cognitive and communicative development and their verbal skills are usually relatively strong.

Those afflicted with Asperger’s Syndrome display deficits in social interaction and unusual responses to their encompassing environment. They often have obsessive routines and may be preoccupied with a particular subject of interest. The diagnosis of Asperger’s has been eliminated in the 2013 fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and replaced by a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder on a severity scale.

Also Check: What Is The Symbol For Autism

Some People Use Other Names For Autism

There are other names for autism used by some people, such as:

  • autism spectrum disorder the medical name for autism
  • autism spectrum condition used instead of ASD by some people
  • Asperger’s used by some people to describe autistic people with average or above average intelligence

Unlike some people with autism, people with Asperger’s do not have a learning disability.

Some people call this “high-functioning” autism.

Doctors do not diagnose people with Asperger’s anymore.

But if you were diagnosed with it before, this will stay as your diagnosis.

Tag Sound Is Better Than Verbal Good Job

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TAGteach is a wonderful tool for working with children with autism for many reasons. It is a validated scientific method based on the science of Applied Behavior Analysis. It is effective. For the parents, it is easy and low-cost .

For the child, it has numerous advantages: the tag clearly marks for the child the behavior that will earn reinforcement. The tag tells the child, YES, you did something good. Now you are getting a treat. The tag gets around the problem of using words with a child with autism: many times our kids cant understand words, and even if they understand, they cant comply with the request.

Also, our words and voices carry emotional undertones which can be overwhelming for a child with autism. The tag gets around those problems and allows you to mark and reinforce constructive behaviors at the exact moment the child performs them. Also, words take too long. You can tag and reinforce behaviors faster and more frequently with a tagger than you can with words, so you can build a desired behavior faster and with less effort.

To summarize, the advantages of using a tag sound instead of voice are as follows:

  • It is clear and has only one meaning Yes, that was right!
  • It is consistent makes the exact same sound every time.
  • It can be delivered with a high degree of precision just takes a little practice!
  • It requires no processing by the language-processing part of the brain.
  • It conveys no emotional nuances.
  • Also Check: Is Level 2 Autism High Functioning

    Covid19 Class Action Lawsuit Notice

    COVID 19 UPDATE The virus pandemic has made a much bigger mess of special education than it already was. Quarantining kids has been incredibly hard on families and caregivers. Districts are struggling to figure out how to provide virtual services and, in many cases, doing it poorly.

    Wayne Sailor University of Kansas

    Our office has filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of our Plaintiffs and the other 800,000 children in California schools with special needs. These children have been denied a basic minimum education because theyve been sent home to distance learning without any effort being made to determine the effect their disabilities have on their abilities to learn online, and they have struggled.

    To fix this, weve brought suit against the Governor, the Superintendent of Education, and nearly 1,000 school districts across the state to make them live up to their legal obligations to ensure that these special needs students are no longer left behind.

    If you wish to be included in the class action without any cost to you, please and provide the simple information.

    Social Communication / Interaction Behaviors May Include:

    • Making little or inconsistent eye contact
    • Tending not to look at or listen to people
    • Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
    • Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name or to other verbal attempts to gain attention
    • Having difficulties with the back and forth of conversation
    • Often talking at length about a favorite subject without noticing that others are not interested or without giving others a chance to respond
    • Having facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said
    • Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like
    • Having trouble understanding another persons point of view or being unable to predict or understand other peoples actions

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    Attending Schools And Colleges

    Updated guidance for schools and colleges supporting children and young people with SEND has been issued. Schools and colleges are open, enabling children and young people to continue with face-to-face education. Remote learning should be provided for any children and young people who have to remain at home because they are self-isolating.

    Medical Diagnosis Vs Educational Eligibility For Special Services: Important Distinctions For Those Diagnosed With Asd

    Visual Schedules for Special Education and Autism ...

    Parents are often surprised to learn that a medical diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder does not automatically entitle a student to special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act . Eligibility for special education services is based, rather, on an educational determination of a disability, which includes meeting not just the criteria for a specific disability , but also finding that a student is in need of special services. Understanding the differences between a medical diagnosis and an educational determination of eligibility for special education services can help parents become better advocates for their children.

    By contrast, educational eligibility is decided by a team comprised of various school professionals and a students parents. The team must find that the student qualifies for services under IDEA. To be eligible, IDEA requires that a student have at least one of 14 specified disabilities and be in need of special services. Autism is one of the 14 categories, but the definition of autism varies from state to state. Some states follow the medical definition found in the DSM, but others have their own definitions. In fact, some states exclude students with diagnoses of Aspergers Disorder or PDD-NOS from the autism category

    Impact on Services

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    Diagnosis In Young Children

    Diagnosis in young children is often a two-stage process.

    Stage 1: General Developmental Screening During Well-Child Checkups

    Every child should receive well-child check-ups with a pediatrician or an early childhood health care provider. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children be screened for developmental delays at their 9-, 18-, and 24- or 30-month well-child visits and specifically for autism at their 18- and 24-month well-child visits. Additional screening might be needed if a child is at high risk for ASD or developmental problems. Those at high risk include children who have a family member with ASD, have some ASD behaviors, have older parents, have certain genetic conditions, or who were born at a very low birth weight.

    Parents experiences and concerns are very important in the screening process for young children. Sometimes the doctor will ask parents questions about the childs behaviors and combine those answers with information from ASD screening tools, and with his or her observations of the child. Read more about screening instruments on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.

    Children who show developmental problems during this screening process will be referred for a second stage of evaluation.

    Stage 2: Additional Evaluation

    This second evaluation is with a team of doctors and other health professionals who are experienced in diagnosing ASD.

    This team may include:

    The evaluation may assess:

    • Blood tests

    Finding Help And Support

    Each autistic person is different, and the impact their condition has on their life will depend on many factors. These will include the severity of their condition, any additional diagnoses, such as a learning disability or a mental health problem, and whether they display any challenging behaviours.

    While some autistic people will need very little extra support, others will need more specialist, even 24 hour, help. Each autistic person is also an individual in their own right, and will have their own likes, dislikes and characteristics just like everyone else, which will also affect the kind of support they want and need. Support and coping strategies need to be tailored to each individual.

    For some parents, planning ahead for the future is key, while other families prefer to take life a day at a time. There is no right or wrong way of doing things, the key is to work out what works for your son or daughter, and to help them achieve the things they want from life.

    Once your son or daughter has received a diagnosis, the next step is to think about the services and support your family will need for the future.

    Recommended Reading: Autism Puzzle Piece Colors Meaning

    Speak To The Nursery Or School

    Speaking to staff at their nursery or school is the best place to start.

    You could speak to:

    • your child’s teacher
    • special educational needs staff, if the school has them

    Talk to them about the needs you think your child has. For example, if they need help with communication, learning or social skills.

    What Are The 5 Types Of Autism

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    Autism refers to a wide range of neurodevelopmental disorders. If your child is living with autism, it is important for you to understand the various types of autism and the symptoms presented by each.

    Understanding the unique challenges presented by each type of autism will guide you in helping your child cope with the disorder. There are five major types of autism which include Aspergers syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Kanners syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified.

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    How Common Is Autism

    There are quite widely varying estimates in the UK and USA because there are no objective measures of autistic spectrum disorders. In the 1970s the estimates of the incidence of autism were 4-5 autistic children per 10,000 children. Currently estimates vary from 18.7 per 10,000 to 91 per 10,000. Since the 1970s, there has been an increased recognition of ‘milder’ social impairments such as Asperger syndrome, which are now part of the autistic spectrum disorders and this accounts for some increases but not all. There does seem to be evidence for a genuine increase in the numbers of children now having autism and autistic spectrum disorders. Of all individuals with a diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder, some 50% have learning disabilities.

    You Have Up To 18 Months To Submit Your Expense Form

    Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, we are extending the amount of time you have to spend your childhood budget funding and submit your expense form by up to six months, if necessary. You now have up to 18 months to spend your childhood budget and submit your expense form.

    For example, if your original 12 months to spend your funding ends on June 10, 2020, you now have until December 10, 2020 to spend your funding and submit your expense form.

    You do not need to contact the ministry to be eligible or to accept this extension.

    Childhood budget families who are ready to submit an expense form at 12 months as stated in their original funding agreement can do so. The extension is optional and intended to support those families who need it. The need to further extend this timeline will be reviewed as required.

    Recommended Reading: Can Autism Be Passed Down

    What Teachers Can Do

    Many students with autism can thrive in a structured environment, so establish a routine and keep it as consistent as possible. Adhering to daily schedules and allowing ample time for transitions can help with many students’ behavioral issues and frustrations.

    Instructional support is often needed within the classroom setting. Students with autism learn better with pictures and demonstrations. Limit long verbal instructions and provide visual cues and written instructions, when possible. Also limit distractions and use positive rewards for positive behaviors.

    Many people with autism have strong passions and deep interests. Getting to know your students’ likes and dislikes can help you understand what motivates them. Students with autism can participate in most activities that other kids and teens do, so provide encouragement to participate when appropriate.

    Autistic People May Act In A Different Way To Other People

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    Autistic people may:

    • find it hard to communicate and interact with other people
    • find it hard to understand how other people think or feel
    • find things like bright lights or loud noises overwhelming, stressful or uncomfortable
    • get anxious or upset about unfamiliar situations and social events
    • take longer to understand information
    • do or think the same things over and over

    If you think you or your child may be autistic, get advice about the signs of autism.

    Also Check: How To Improve Sitting Tolerance In Autism

    Is Autism A Disability

    By Sharon Longo, BA

    Is autism a disability? If its not a disability, what is autism? Is it a disorder? Or is it simply a different way of responding to people and the world around us? These are questions many parents ask, as well as people on the spectrum themselves. Unfortunately, the answers are far from straightforward.

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , autism spectrum disorder is defined as a developmental disability while the National Institute of Mental Health, states that ASD is a developmental disorder.

    Meanwhile, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act has 13 categories for disabilities, and autism spectrum disorder is number three on the list, calling it a developmental disability that affects social and communication skills but can also have an impact on behavior.

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