Monday, April 22, 2024

What Types Of Adhd Are There

Don't Miss

Symptom Checklist For Impulsivity

Are There Really 3 Types of ADHD?

Impulsive behavior may include risk-taking, acting without thinking, blurting out responses before being asked to speak, interrupting other people, and difficulty waiting for your turn in a classroom or while playing a game.

The nine most frequently occurring hyperactive and impulsive symptoms of ADHD include:

  • Constant squirming and fidgeting while seated

  • Not being able to physically stay in your seat

  • Inappropriate movements involving running and climbing

  • Quiet play is impossible due to the need for stimulation from multiple sources

  • Endless physical motion

  • Excessively talking

  • Interrupting others in a way that is rude and inappropriate

  • Impatience and the inability to wait in lineseven short ones

  • Taking over the activities of others–another form of interrupting

We can reliably , says clinical psychologist Caroline Buzanko, PhD, But often the signs are there much earlier, even in infancy.

Buzanko, who is a parent of children with ADHD and also has the disorder herself, describes these early signs as nursing infants who dont stay focused on sucking, babies who dont sleep well and act colicky, toddlers who throw intense tantrums for something as innocuous as a broken cookie. She points out that even positive emotions, like happy excitement, are as extreme as negative reactions.

How Are The 3 Types Of Adhd Diagnosed

Many different types of healthcare professionalspsychiatrists, neurologists, pediatricians, psychologists, nurse practitioners, and othersare able to diagnose ADHD, though not all are able to prescribe medication, if necessary. CHADD , the national ADHD advocacy organization, recommends finding a healthcare provider who is well-trained and experienced in diagnosing and treating ADHD. The provider should be able to complete a thorough evaluation. A professional evaluation includes:

  • Gauging symptoms to determine if the problem is actually ADHD

  • Ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms

  • Determining if there are any other coexisting conditions, such as depression or anxiety

The evaluator should not only have the qualifications but also take the time to look at how the person is doing now as well as how they performed in the past, and how they function across different settings. as well as the ability to rule out other conditions, advises clinical psychologist Ari Tuckman, PsyD, CHADD professional expert, and author of More Attention, Less Deficit.

According to Tuckman, the evaluator must consider other possibilities, because symptoms of other health issues can be mistaken for ADHD. Could it be a sleep problem? Could it be social anxiety? Is the behavior situational, for instance, just at school or work, or do the symptoms go with the person wherever they go?

What Are The Types Of Adhd

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a chronic condition that many families fear because it is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in children. Today, millions of children are experiencing the effects of ADHD and they often continue to experience the symptoms in their adulthood.

ADHD Definition: ADHD can be defined as a combination of persistent problems such as difficulty maintaining attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. If you want to deep dive before reading about its types, you can look at questions about ADHD and come back to the page.

General ADHD Symptoms:

  • Problems focusing on a task
  • Frequent mood swings
  • Problems following through and completing tasks
  • Trouble coping with stress
  • Low frustration tolerance
  • Hot-tempered

With MentalUP Attention Exercises, it is possible to increase your kids attention period with 15-minute daily fun exercises. You can start the attention exercises now with MentalUPs scientific games designed by academicians and professional game designers. Also, dont skip without visiting smart apps for learning difficulties and Dyslexia apps for kids that can help children with ADHD!

ADHD is not a simple problem. There are some subtypes every parent should be aware of. So, how many types of ADHD are there and how are they defined? Lets find out!

Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Autism Diagnosis

How Is It Diagnosed

There isnt a simple test that can diagnose ADHD. Children usually display symptoms before the age of 7. But ADHD shares symptoms with other disorders. Your doctor may first try to rule out conditions like depression, anxiety, and certain sleep issues before making a diagnosis.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is used across the United States to diagnose children and adults with ADHD. It includes a detailed diagnostic evaluation of behavior.

A person must show at least six of the nine major symptoms for a specific type of ADHD. To be diagnosed with combination ADHD, you must show at least six symptoms of inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior. The behaviors must be present and disruptive to everyday life for at least 6 months.

Besides showing the pattern of inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, or both, the DSM-5 states that to be diagnosed, a persons symptoms must be displayed before 12 years of age. They must also be present in more than just one setting, like at both school and home.

Symptoms must also interfere with everyday life. And these symptoms cant be explained by another mental disorder.

An initial diagnosis may reveal one type of ADHD. But symptoms can change over time. This is important information for adults, who may need to be reevaluated.

After youve been diagnosed, there are a number of treatment options available. The primary goal of treatment is to manage ADHD symptoms and to promote positive behaviors.

Similarities Across Adhd Subtypes

Causes of ADHD in Children

Executive Functioning

The studies on executive functioning and ADHD subtypes are inconsistent. In the late 1990s, Barkley hypothesized that ADHD-C and ADHD-H were associated with executive functioning deficits while ADHD-I was not . However, this theory has largely fallen out of favor as there is a robust body of research that points to the likelihood that executive functioning challenges are similar across both groups.

  • studied a group of ADHD-C and ADHD-I children to see if they demonstrated differences in executive functioning and thus if they represented distinct disorders. Their findings suggest a similar impact of executive functioning, particularly impairment in inhibition, was noted in both groups.

  • In a study done by Bahçivan et al., 2015 found similar executive functioning between ADHD-I and ADHD-C on measures of inhibition, set-shifting, verbal fluency, cognitive flexibility, and planning, however, ADHD-I demonstrated significantly higher performances in verbal working memory and verbal category shifting than children in the ADHD-C group. ADHD-I struggled more with indecision than ADHD-C.

  • In a study done by Nigg et al, 2002, they compared executive functioning among ADHD-I and ADHD-C and found that the groups did not differ on most domains .

Auditory Processing

Sensory processing

Read Also: What Causes Autism In Utero

Hyperactive And Impulsive Type Adhd

People with hyperactive ADHD feel the need for constant movement. They often fidget, squirm, and struggle to stay seated. Children often appear to act as if driven by a motor and run around excessively. People of all ages may talk non-stop, interrupt others, blurt out answers, and struggle with self-control. This type of ADHD is more recognizable and more often diagnosed in children and men.

How Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Inattentive Type In Adults Treated

Although there is no cure for the disorder, it can be successfully treated. There are several different approaches for treating adults, but generally some combination of medication and behavioral therapy yields the best results.

Medications. Prescription drugs that are used to treat ADHD in children usually are effective for most adults with the predominantly inattentive form of ADHD. However, the dosage and frequency of medications may have to be adjusted early during the course of treatment. It is important to match the needs of the person with ADHD with the characteristics of the drug.

The major classes of prescription medications that are prescribed for ADHD are psychostimulants, antidepressants, and nonstimulant drugs. These treatments affect the neurotransmitters that send signals to brain cells.


Coaching is a relatively new approach that has become more popular over the past few years. Coaches help people with ADHD handle the challenges of daily life by providing feedback, recommendations and encouragement, and directing the individual to attend to their own solutions to problems. They also offer practical solutions to address certain issues–such as time management and organization–and help their clients achieve goals.

Don’t Miss: What Is Aspergers And How Is It Different From Autism

Causes Of Adhd: Is Adhd Genetic

ADHD isnt caused by a single factor. This disorder can be caused by a combination of different factors, including genes and the neurobiological structure of the brain. Besides, the risk of developing ADHD depends on various environmental factors.

Studies show that ADHD does run in families so genetic factors play an important role in the development of this problem. People who have relatives with ADHD are at the highest risk of developing it. However, researchers have also found differences in brain activity and structure between people with ADHD and those who dont have it.

What Are Symptoms Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Inattentive Type In Adults

Different Types of ADHD : Inattentive ADHD in Scottsdale, AZ

According to the American Psychiatric Associations diagnostic criteria, there are nine symptoms associated with inattention. Although nearly everyone experiences inattention problems at times, people with the predominantly inattentive presentation of ADHD frequently experience the following symptoms. These symptoms may intrude and interfere in their daily functioning at work, with family members or in social situations. The nine symptoms associated with the predominantly inattentive presentation of ADHD are:

  • Often has trouble staying focused on tasks at work, home or play
  • Frequently does not pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes at work or while doing other tasks
  • Often has trouble organizing tasks or activities
  • Is easily distracted
  • Frequently does not follow through on instructions or fails to complete work assignments, chores or other activities
  • Often forgets doing routine chores
  • Avoids tasks that require long periods of mental focus
  • Often loses items needed to complete tasks or activities
  • Does not appear to be listening even when spoken to directly

Adults may have predominantly inattentive presentation of ADHD if they:

  • Experience serious or chronic problems due to five or more of these symptoms
  • Have no other mental health disorder that could be the cause of these symptoms
  • Have few-to-no symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsivity

Other psychological conditions, such as depression or anxiety, can also accompany ADHD in adults.

You May Like: What Does An Autistic Meltdown Feel Like

Criteria For All Types Of Adhd

ADHD is a developmental disorder, meaning it is present throughout your life. As such, in order to get diagnosed with ADHD you must have experienced symptoms prior to the age of 12. It may be difficult to get an accurate history of your functioning before that age, so its perfectly fine to rely on parents, old report cards from school, or even your own vague memories. Dont worry, your clinician will help you figure it out.

Your clinician will also ask about the history of your current issues. According to the DSM-5, in order to get a diagnosis, you must also have experienced significant symptoms that have negatively impacted your life for 6 months in 2 settings . Its normal for ADHD to get worse during times of stress or even when things feel too stable .

Hyperactive And Impulsive Type Adhd: Daily Symptoms

Hyperactive type ADHD is the stereotype most people imagine when they think of ADHD: a young boy, bouncing off the walls, and interrupting the teacher mid-sentence. This type of ADHD is pretty easy to spot.

Hyperactive ADHD Symptom: Fidgety

A child with hyperactive ADHD often fidgets with or taps hands and feet, or squirms in their seat. This child may fall out of their chair more often than peers. They often feel the need to pick up everything and play with it. An adult may be shifting in their chair or fidgeting with papers during work meetings. If you tell them to sit still, they may find it mentally painful and physically uncomfortable to do so their hyperactive brain is ready to jump to the next thing.

Hyperactive ADHD Symptom: Restlessness

Even when expected to remain seated, children and adults with hyperactive ADHD often get up and move around. A child might walk away from the classroom desk in the middle of a lesson or when seated at a restaurant, or an adult might leave their office, a meeting, or an assigned post at work before they are supposed to.

A young child with hyperactive ADHD is also often running around, crashing into walls and furniture, or climbing on things. They are often described as jumpers or as acting like the well-known Winnie-the-Pooh series character, Tigger. In teens and adults, this restlessness is more likely an internal feeling than an outward, physical ADHD hyperactivity.

Hyperactive ADHD Symptom: Noisy

Don’t Miss: How To Teach Students With Autism

Adhd Types And Their Differences

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and is also sometimes referred to as ADD, generally when the person with the disorder

Originally found on

Although there are several different predominant clusters of symptoms that people can experience, the diagnosis is still ADHD.

ADHD is one of the most common health disorders affecting children. It is estimated that around 11 percent of children aged between 4 and 17 in the United States have ADHD, which equates to around 6.4 million children. However, adults can also have ADHD.

This article will explain the three different types of ADHD.

Adhd And Daily Symptoms

Pin on Learning disorders/disabilities

ADHD is a disorder that infiltrates pretty much every area of functioning over the lifespan. Understanding the way ADHD impacts you in your daily life can help amend or even prevent a lot of self-esteem issues, interpersonal conflict, and even career problems.

Let’s take a deeper dive into each type of ADHD in adults.

Read Also: Add Vs Adhd Adult

Find The Right Therapist For You

Do a search to find all therapists in your area

Please note: Our screens are for adults only. By participating you acknowledge that the screen is not a diagnostic instrument and is only to be used by you if you are 18 years or older. You are encouraged to share your results with a physician or healthcare provider. Mind Diagnostics, sponsors, partners, and advertisers disclaim any liability, loss, or risk incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, from the use and application of these screens. If you are in need of immediate assistance, please dial 911 or the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1 273-8255.

What Are The Different Types Of Adhd

Three major types of ADHD include the following:

  • ADHD, combined type. This, the most common type of ADHD, is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behaviors as well as inattention and distractibility.

  • ADHD, impulsive/hyperactive type. This, the least common type of ADHD, is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behaviors without inattention and distractibility.

  • ADHD, inattentive and distractible type. This type of ADHD is characterized predominately by inattention and distractibility without hyperactivity.

Don’t Miss: How To Date Someone With Autism

Are You Suffering From Adhd

As common as ADHD is in today’s society, many people have ADHD without knowing it. These people may refuse to receive help, don’t understand they need help, or know they need help but don’t know how to get it.

The longer these individuals go without receiving treatment, the worse their symptoms can get. Eventually, they’re lives are disrupted by these problematic behaviors, and they may have no idea what to do. It’s a difficult time for anyone and a time when they need support.

At Mind Diagnostics, we take great pride in offering a comprehensive online test for ADHD. It’s designed to determine your risk level of developing ADHD. While we can’t tell you whether you have it or not, we can direct you to a therapist that can complete the evaluation of your mind and body.

When you’re ready to take better care of your mental health, visit our website or our app on your smartphone to take the adult ADHD quiz today!

Type : Overfocused Add

Are There Really 3 Types of ADHD?

Symptoms: primary ADD symptoms plus cognitive inflexibility, trouble shifting attention, stuck on negative thoughts or behaviors, worrying, holding grudges, argumentative, oppositional, and a need for sameness. Often seen in families with addiction problems or obsessive-compulsive tendencies.

SPECT: usually high anterior cingulate activity plus low prefrontal cortex activity during activities that require concentration

Supplements: multiple vitamin, NeurOmega fish oil, 5HTP, L-tryptophan or St. Johns Wort plus L-tyrosine

Medications: antidepressant Effexor, or a combination of an SSRI, like Prozac, and a stimulant

Read Also: How Long Does Autism Last

Adhd Predominantly Inattentive Presentation

Kids who have this type of ADHD have difficulty paying attention. Theyre easily distracted but dont have much trouble with impulsivity or hyperactivity. This is sometimes unofficially referred to as attention-deficit disorder .

Kids with this type of ADHD may fly under the radar because they may not be disruptive in class. In fact, they may appear shy or daydreamy. They may not have significant behavior problems. But their problems with attention may still cause them a lot of difficulty.

The Three Adhd Subtypes And How To Recognize Them

Claire Eggleston, LMFT-Associate is a neurodivergent therapist and specializes in and centers on the lived experiences of autistic and ADHD young adults, many of whom are also in the queer and disability communities. She prioritizes social justice and intertwines community care into her everyday work with clients.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a behavior disorder that causes symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, all of which range in severity and interfere with regular daily activities.

ADHD usually develops in childhood but can continue into adulthood. People with this condition often struggle with impulsive behaviors, being too active, and finding it hard to pay attention. ADHD doesnt look the same in everyone. The type of ADHD a person has depends on the primary symptoms and behaviors they exhibit.

There are three major ways in which ADHD symptoms can present. These ways were previously referred to as subtypes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition but are called presentations in the current DSM-5. We’ll use them synonymously here.

Recommended Reading: Is Autism Considered A Mental Illness

More articles

Popular Articles