Monday, July 15, 2024

What Is Adderall Prescribed For Besides Adhd

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Conditions Treated By Strattera And Adderall

Good Health: The dangers of misusing ADHD drug Adderall

Strattera is used in adults and children for the treatment of ADHD. Adderall is used in adults and children for the treatment of ADHD or narcolepsy. Strattera or Adderall is intended to be part of a total treatment program for ADHD that may include psychological, educational, and social measures. The decision to treat ADHD with medication may occur when remedial measures are not effective and depends on the healthcare providerâs assessment of the length and severity of the patientâs symptoms.

Adderall has not been studied for long-term use. Patients who take Adderall for extended periods should be periodically evaluated while on the medication, to ensure the medication is still useful.


Coverage And Cost Comparison Of Strattera Vs Adderall

Strattera is covered by most insurance plans and Medicare Part D. The out-of-pocket price for a typical prescription of Strattera is about $387. You can use a SingleCare card to bring the price of generic Strattera less than $200.

Most insurance plans and Medicare Part D usually cover Adderall . Some insurance companies actually prefer brand-name Adderall XR over the generic alternative, due to insurance contracts. The out-of-pocket price for a typical prescription of Adderall is about $100. A SingleCare card can save you money on your Adderall prescription, bringing the price to less than $30.

Why Are Prescription Stimulants Misused

The reasons why prescription stimulants are misused are numerous and include achieving euphoria, and helping cope with stressful factors related to their educational environment. According to a survey of 334 ADHD-diagnosed college students taking prescription stimulants, 25% misused their own prescription medications to get high . Like cocaine, MPH inhibits the DAT, which increases synaptic levels of DA, and this is presumed to mediate MPH’s reinforcing effects and abuse potential. In laboratory studies, it has been shown that animals will repeatedly administer MPH as they do cocaine , and humans receiving both drugs indicate a similar high . A frequent concern regarding the use of stimulants for ADHD is their mechanism of action, which increases DA and thus may increase the risk for overt, illicit drug use. However, research points to the conclusion that people of any age receiving a stimulant for ADHD have no greater risk for illicit substance abuse compared with the general population .

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How Is Adderall Used

For people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder , Adderall can help improve attention, focus, and concentration while decreasing impulsive behaviors and hyperactivity. A 2013 study found that stimulant medications help to improve episodic memory, decrease extreme emotional reactions to frustration, increase effort, and improve the ability to detect errors in work.2 This study also found that while stimulant medications improve attention and focus, they do not improve cognitive performance.

Besides ADHD, the medication is used to treat cognitive symptoms in people with neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinsons Disease. Adderall is also used to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder. Taking the drug during the day helps to improve levels of alertness, therefore improving the symptoms of narcolepsy.

Adderall Is A Schedule Ii Stimulant What Does That Mean

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Schedule II is the classification used by the Drug Enforcement Agency to indicate drugs with a high potential for abuse. All of the first-line stimulant medications for ADHD are Schedule II drugs because of a concern of potential abuse. These medications were Schedule 4 medications until 1978. Several national organizations have petitioned the DEA to group them under this less-restrictive category without success.

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What Are The Main Differences Between Strattera And Adderall

Strattera is a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat ADHD in adults and children. The generic name of Strattera is atomoxetine. The way it works is not completely understood but is thought to be related to selective inhibition of the presynaptic norepinephrine transporter.

Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant drug used in the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy in adults and children. It is available in an immediate-release tablet and extended-release capsule form both are available in brand and generic. Adderall XR is indicated for the treatment of ADHD, but not narcolepsy. The generic name is dextroamphetamine/amphetamine. Like Strattera, the way Adderall works is not completely understood. It is thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase their release into the extraneuronal space.

Main differences between Strattera and Adderall
How long is the typical treatment? Varies healthcare provider should periodically reevaluate if used for extended period Not studied for long-term use, patients should be frequently evaluated. Package insert comes with a warning: âAdministration of amphetamines for prolonged periods of time may lead to drug dependence and must be avoided.â
Who typically uses the medication? Adults or children with ADHD Adults or children with ADHD or narcolepsy

Brillia Ingredients Vs Adderall

While Adderall relies on amphetamine and dextroamphetamine to stimulate the central nervous system, Brillia relies on antibody science. Brillias active ingredient consists of antibodies to the brain-specific S100B protein, which plays an important role in mood regulation, focus, and neuroplasticity. Research shows that ADHD symptoms like inattention and hyperactivity are associated with an imbalance of the S100B protein.5 Brillia targets ADHD and ADD symptoms at the source by attaching to the S100B protein and changing its shape so it cannot instigate symptoms altogether. Because of the gentle approach of Brillia, the medication is available without an official diagnosis or prescription, unlike Adderall, which requires both.

While Adderall is most effective when combined with behavioral therapy, Brillia works best in tandem with healthier lifestyle choices outlined in the 5-Pillar methodology. Since attention issues are exacerbated by dietary choices, poor sleep hygiene, excessive screen use, and stress, the 5 Pillars provide customers with resources to help them eat healthy foods, get more sleep, practice relaxation and mindfulness techniques, and control their screen time to focus better and feel more balanced in their daily lives.

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Coping With The Adderall Comedown

As a central nervous system stimulant, Adderall is consists of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. The drug is primarily used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and reduce hyperactivity while improving attention span. However, those who use the medicine for a prolonged period face Adderall detox, which can often be horrific. Although it doesnt produce the same effects youd encounter with benzodiazepines or alcohol, that doesnt mean its without its own challenges. Adderall withdrawal is hard to overcome alone because of the Adderall crash.

When you abruptly stop the use of the stimulant drug, you will experience an Adderall crash. For that reason, quitting Adderall is not as easy as you might think. Many of us believe that because doctors prescribe these medications, theyre safe and have no side effects. On the contrary, however, youll experience unpleasant symptoms that include depression, trouble sleeping, and sluggishness. Although it may not feel like it initially, there are benefits quitting Adderall once you get past the worst of these symptoms. For that reason, if you need to stop taking the drug, you must work closely with your doctor. Below well discuss why the crash happens and how you can deal with it.

Abuse And Addiction To Adderall

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Adderall is a Schedule II controlled substance, which means there is a high risk for addiction or abuse and is why any usage should be closely monitored by a medical professional.

According to the Mayo Clinic, simply taking too much Adderall can cause dependence. People using Adderall should not take a larger dose or take it more often or for a longer time than prescribed by a doctor. Also, abruptly stopping the medication can cause depression, fatigue and sleep problems.

âWhen taken as prescribed by a physician, there is little risk of addiction, but if taken recreationally for the ‘euphoric’ effect, the risk of abuse will be enhanced,â said Dr. Maria Pino, a toxicologist and course director for pharmacology at Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York.

There is a rising trend of college students abusing Adderall and similar drugs, like Ritalin, to perform better on tests and papers. A study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration found that full-time college students were twice as likely as non-students to have used Adderall non-medically.

“Adderall has become one of the mainstay drugs at many party events both on campus and off because it is cheap and easy to access,” said Dr. Marc J. Romano, assistant medical director at Ocean Breeze Recovery in Pompano Beach, Florida.

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Adhd Medications For Adults And Children: Which Are Best

The number of medications available to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is overwhelming at best, and the process for selecting the best ADHD medication for you or your child, or deciding to medicate at all, is incredibly personal.

The ADHD medications prescribed to both children and adults are broadly categorized as

  • Stimulants considered the first-line treatment for ADHD. Amphetamines fall under this category, along with methylphenidate, the most widely used treatment for ADHD, and their derivatives.1
  • Nonstimulants prescribed to patients who dont tolerate or see benefits from stimulant medications . Three nonstimulants are approved to treat ADHD: atomoxetine, guanfacine, and clonidine. Nonstimulants, may also be prescribed for use alongside stimulants to treat symptoms that the latter do not alleviate.

Selecting the best ADHD medication can be a lengthy trial-and-error process of dosage and timing that is often related to a patients history, genetics, experienced side effects, and unique metabolism. ADHD medication is also often accompanied by behavioral therapy and other non-pharmacological treatments.

The most popular ADHD medications among ADDitude readers include :

  • Vyvanse
  • Many parents and adults with ADHD remain confused about the distinctions and similarities between these and other treatment choices for ADHD. Our ADHD medication chart offers a side-by-side comparison of the most popular stimulants and nonstimulants in the treatment of ADHD.

    Is Adderall A Controlled Substance

    Yes, Adderall is a controlled substance. This means that it can cause psychological or physical dependence and has the potential for misuse .

    Both forms of Adderall are available as generic medications. The generic name for the drug in both the tablet and the capsule is amphetamine/dextroamphetamine salts.

    Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, the brand-name drug and the generic version may be available in different forms and strengths.

    Note: Adderall tablets and capsules have been produced by different manufacturers since they were initially created. Generic amphetamine/dextroamphetamine may sometimes be prescribed instead of the brand-name medication. This article focuses on the brand-name Adderall and Adderall XR medications. Your doctor can provide more information about availability of the brand-name and generic forms of Adderall.

    * IR means the drug is released into your body right away after taking a dose. ER means the drug is gradually released into your body.

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    Adderall Can Be A Game

    Adderall is one of the most commonly prescribed stimulants and is most often used to treat cases of ADHD. Its also recreationally popular among people who dont have ADHD, making it notorious for widespread abuse and addiction. Its important to be aware of how Adderall works, what its used for and how it affects those with and without ADHD.

    What Does Adderall Do For People With Adhd

    Adderall Abuse, Addiction, And Treatment Programs

    “Give them a stimulant and they’re relatively back at ‘normal’,” Arnold says. “That’s because these drugs hike up the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain’s reward center, which helps people feel more alert and attentive and has a calming effect.”

    But wait,

    your friend protests,

    Adderall makes me focus too.

    Maybe, but that might be in his head. “Research has shown that the placebo effect of ADHD drugs is quite large, so you feel more focused because you tell yourself that’s supposed to be the effect,” says Karen Miotto, director of the UCLA Addiction Medicine Service.

    A review of 40 studies

    found that in more than half of the research, adults without ADHD who took stimulants didn’t see any cognitive improvements.

    Plus, being able to concentrate doesn’t mean your ability to learn and/or do things well gets any better. “Stimulants may help with certain kinds of recall and attention but they don’t actually boost skills like multitasking and complex learning tasks, which is the bulk of what most jobs have you doing anyway,” Miotto says. What is a complex learning task? It’s not something like remembering that Kelly in accounting is a vegan, but rather things like coming up with a business strategy or knowing how to persuade a finicky clientand stimulants don’t do much in that department.

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    Carcinogenesis/mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

    No evidence of carcinogenicity was found in studies in which d,l-amphetamine was administered to mice and rats in the diet for 2 years at doses of up to 30 mg/kg/day in male mice, 19 mg/kg/day in female mice, and 5 mg/kg/day in male and female rats. These doses are approximately 2.4, 1.5, and 0.8 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human dose of 30 mg/day on a mg/m2 body surface area basis.

    Amphetamine, in the enantiomer ratio present in Adderall® , was not clastogenic in the mouse bone marrow micronucleus test in vivo and was negative when tested in the E. coli component of the Ames test in vitro. d, l-Amphetamine has been reported to produce a positive response in the mouse bone marrow micronucleus test, an equivocal response in the Ames test, and negative responses in the in vitro sister chromatid exchange and chromosomal aberration assays.

    Amphetamine, in the enantiomer ratio present in Adderall® , did not adversely affect fertility or early embryonic development in the rat at doses of up to 20 mg/kg/day .

    Stimulant Medication Safety Concerns

    Beyond the potential side effects, there are a number of safety concerns associated with the use of stimulant medications for ADHD.

    Effect on the developing brain. The long-term impact of ADHD medication on the youthful, developing brain is not yet known. Some researchers are concerned that the use of drugs such as Ritalin in children and teens might interfere with normal brain development.

    Heart-related problems. ADHD stimulant medications have been found to cause sudden death in children and adults with heart conditions. The American Heart Association recommends that all individuals, including children, have a cardiac evaluation prior to starting a stimulant. An electrocardiogram is recommended if the person has a history of heart problems.

    Psychiatric problems. Stimulants for ADHD can trigger or exacerbate symptoms of hostility, aggression, anxiety, depression, and paranoia. People with a personal or family history of suicide, depression, or bipolar disorder are at a particularly high risk, and should be carefully monitored when taking stimulants.

    Potential for abuse. Stimulant abuse is a growing problem, particularly among teens and young adults. College students take this medication for a boost when cramming for exams or pulling all-nighters. Others abuse stimulant meds for their weight-loss properties. If your child is taking stimulants, make sure he or she isnt sharing the pills or selling them.

    ADHD stimulants are not recommended for those with:

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    Legal Alternative To Adderall

    This is another premade stack that I wanted to cover in this report to use instead of the ADHD drug Adderall. However, unlike the Performance Lab stack that I have just mentioned this is an entirely non-stimulated stack without the side effects and better for your health.

    You can add caffeine to it if you wish I did when I used it and it was effective or just take it as is, and see if it is right for you.

    If youre looking for adderall alternatives though with a decent dopamine high, I believe you should be at least attempting to add caffeine to the mix. Whatever you choose, Adderall is still far more dangerous thing than any of the options Ive mentioned in this report, and still help improve focus.

    Potential Adverse Affects Of Chronic Stimulant Use

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    ADHD is now recognized as a chronic disorder that continues into adulthood therefore, some individuals take stimulants such as MPH and d-AMP for years. The medical literature provides abundant data to support the potentially positive effect of stimulants for the majority of children, adolescents, and adults with ADHD, and stimulants have been considered to be relatively safe . However, reports of adverse events in conjunction with the use of these drugs have raised concern about their safety.

    Large doses of stimulants can lead to psychosis, seizures, and cardiovascular events. The induction of schizophrenic-like states in AMP abusers is well documented, although the onset of such states in children on prescribed doses of stimulant medication is observed far less often . Surles et al. published a case report of psychotic reactions to AMP in an adolescent ADHD patient. The patient displayed many of the characteristics of AMP-induced psychosis including visual hallucinations, delusions, anorexia, flattening of affect, and insomnia. It is thought that the mechanism of AMP-induced psychosis is mediated by dopaminergic excess. As the patient’s symptoms disappeared when taken off the stimulant medication, it suggests that the psychosis was indeed secondary to AMP.

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