Tuesday, June 18, 2024

Why Is Autism Considered A Disability

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When Do You Notice The Signs Of Autism

Why everything you know about autism is wrong | Jac den Houting | TEDxMacquarieUniversity

While you might notice some of the signs of autism in the first few years of your child’s life, it may only be when they are at school, or even when they are an adult, that a diagnosis is made.

Sometimes an autism diagnosis is delayed because health professionals want to be certain before they make a diagnosis. In other cases, a delayed diagnosis might be because the signs of autism go undetected, especially if they present in a more subtle way .

More boys than girls are diagnosed with autism, and there is an ongoing debate about whether this is for genetic reasons or because the process of diagnosis tends to pick up autistic traits more common in boys, and the possibility that this is leaving some girls undiagnosed.

Adult Vs Child Disability Benefits

Autism can affect both children and adults. If your child is under age 18 and has autism, and you have low income and assets, your child may be eligible for Supplemental Security Income benefits under the Social Security Act. If you are over age 18 and have autism, you may qualify for either Social Security Disability Insurance benefits or SSI benefits.

Diagnosis Of Autism Spectrum In Boys And Girls

Now lets take a closer look at infancy to teen in boys and girls and their development through the lens of ASD:

Table 1: Signs of Autism in Children

As evident from the short synopsis of events in a childs life, that a boys developmental stages may play a role in diagnosis while a girls developmental stages may actually hinder a conclusive diagnosis until much later. Girls tend to progress faster than boys in speech, command of the language and in avoiding confrontation.

Here is a detailed analysis of Autism behavioral patterns in Girls and Boys:

Table 2: Behavioral Analysis of Autism in Boys Vs Girls

Fig 4

This aggression, being one of the most common signs of autism in toddlers, is actually a blessing in disguise as parents tend to get more concerned and seek medical help for diagnosis of Autism

Children learn from their environment and the people around them. Children learn to seek attention in their own ways whether it be good or bad attention. What they want and need is attention! Too often today the outpouring or need for attention is brushed off as autism and sends parents running to their doctor. Yet the little girl who went to her room and played is assumed to be looking for good attention, when in reality this too can be a sign of autism which manifests later in girls.

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A Chuck E. Cheese restaurant hired an individual with intellectual disability and Autism as a janitor. The employee was nonverbal and used picture cards to communicate and had a job coach who worked with him on task completion. When the district manager learned that a janitor with intellectual disability and Autism had been hired, the employee was fired as it was the policy not to hire those kinds of people. After failing to resolve the issue, the EEOC filed a federal district court case. The jury awarded the employee $70,000 in compensatory damages and $13 million in punitive damages .

Does Autism Qualify You For Disability Benefits

Why is Autism called Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Is autism a disability? The question is a bit controversial. Some adults with autism prefer to think of themselves as different rather than disabled. They work, marry, and live an independent life with some modifications without the disability label.

But some people with autism can’t live independently. They need significant accommodations, and some never have the opportunity to live independently. Adults like this might qualify for disability benefits.

Raising a child with autism can put a strain on family finances. In some cases, a child’s disability could keep a parent from full-time work. Families like this might also qualify for disability benefits.

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Finding Help And Support

Each autistic person is different, and the impact their condition has on their life will depend on many factors. These will include the severity of their condition, any additional diagnoses, such as a learning disability or a mental health problem, and whether they display any challenging behaviours.

While some autistic people will need very little extra support, others will need more specialist, even 24 hour, help. Each autistic person is also an individual in their own right, and will have their own likes, dislikes and characteristics just like everyone else, which will also affect the kind of support they want and need. Support and coping strategies need to be tailored to each individual.

For some parents, planning ahead for the future is key, while other families prefer to take life a day at a time. There is no right or wrong way of doing things, the key is to work out what works for your son or daughter, and to help them achieve the things they want from life.

Once your son or daughter has received a diagnosis, the next step is to think about the services and support your family will need for the future.

Accommodating Employees With Autism Spectrum

People with ASD may develop some of the limitations discussed below, but seldom develop all of them. Also, the degree of limitation will vary among individuals. Be aware that not all people with ASD will need accommodations to perform their jobs and many others may only need a few accommodations. The following is only a sample of the possibilities available. Numerous other accommodation solutions may exist.

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Randstad US is a national employment referral and placement company. The company refused to hire an applicant for a lab technician position because of his Aspergers syndrome. Initially, the applicant had been fast tracked through the application process but once he disclosed his ASD, he was told the position was on hold and he was not hired although the company continued to recruit for the job. The EEOC attempted to reach an agreement with the company after receiving a complaint from the applicant but when that was unsuccessful, filed in federal court. The consent decree that resulted required that Randstad pay the applicant $60,000 as well as take several remedial steps to comply with the ADA.

Direct Threat Defense To Hiring Or Continued Employment

Is Autism A Disability

An employer does not have to hireor continue to employan individual with a disability if the individual 1) does not have the necessary pre-requisites for the job in question 2) cannot perform the essential functions of the job with or without reasonable accommodations, or 3) if the individual is a direct threat. The direct threat defense under Title I includes both direct threat to oneself and direct threat to others in the workplace.

Although an employer might apply the direct threat to oneself defense to individuals with ASD in certain circumstances, individuals with this impairment are more likely to be considered unqualified based on the direct threat to others defense. The EEOC issued guidance that addresses this defense as applied to persons with intellectual disabilities in the workplace that is relevant for some individuals with ASD. The guidance references the federal regulation defining direct threat as a significant risk of substantial harm to the individual or others that cannot be eliminated or reduced through reasonable accommodation. In addition to providing several specific workplace examples, the EEOC clarifies that determining whether an individual presents a direct threat must be based on objective and factual evidence. The harm that is considered a threat must be serious, it must be likely to occur, not remote or speculative, and reasonable accommodation to address the concerns must be considered.

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Each Autistic Child Is

TI=Totally InterestingSM=Sometimes Mysterious

Autistic spectrum disorders refer to a set of disorders characterized by neurodevelopmental anomalies leading to altered social interactions and repetitive behavior. Autism is one such disorder and is the result of several genetic and environmental factors.

The symptoms are often apparent during infancy or before the age of 30 months. These include language delay, less attention to social stimuli, repetitive movements, etc.

Although the precise etiology remains unclear, several factors have been associated with the risk for developing autism. One of the mysteries underlying autism is the strong gender bias and the fact that males are four times more likely to be affected.

There is no clear understanding for such a bias, but it is well implicated that there are surely certain molecular mechanisms or factors that increase the risk for boys and/or protect girls from developing autism. The theories and explanations for the same have been provided below.

Can Someone Receive Disability Benefits For Autism

Yes, the Social Security Administration has two kinds of autism disability benefits for eligible individuals, including:

  • Social Security Disability Income : This is intended for adults who have worked in the past but now cannot due to disability
  • Supplemental Security Income : This is for disabled children and adults of lower income, and they do not need to have worked in the past to qualify

The various medical conditions and eligibility criteria are specified in the Social Security Administrations Impairment Listing Manual, also known as the blue book.

Parents of children under 18 with autism may qualify for SSI benefits, and people with autism who are 18 or older may qualify for either SSI or SSDI benefits. Adults with autism who have never worked may be eligible for SSDI benefits, based on their parents employment history.

The SSA provides a free, downloadable booklet titled Benefits for Children With Disabilities. While not specific to autism, it is a useful resource and starting point for understanding federal SSA programs for parents of children with disabilities. The booklet also covers SSDI benefits for adults who have been disabled since childhood.

Families of children who receive social security disability and SSI benefits for autism may be eligible for medical benefits, including:

  • Medicaid and Medicare
  • Childrens Health Insurance Program
  • Special access to health care services under the Children with Special Health Care Need provision of the SSA

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Do Symptoms Of Autism Change Over Time

For many children, symptoms improve with age and behavioral treatment. During adolescence, some children with ASD may become depressed or experience behavioral problems, and their treatment may need some modification as they transition to adulthood. People with ASD usually continue to need services and supports as they get older, but depending on severity of the disorder, people with ASD may be able to work successfully and live independently or within a supportive environment.

Why Autism Is More Common In Men

Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) Therapy

Research has proven that autism is constantly spreading and that this rate is increasing day by day. It has also been found more in males when researching the sex of a large proportion of autistic patients. Why autism is more common in men, can you continue to read the answers to the questions as if there is a specific reason for this.

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Supported Employment And Vocational Rehabilitation Services

Supported employment programs serve individuals with disabilities who require more support in getting and keeping jobs than other individuals with disabilities who are served by the traditional federal/state funded vocational rehabilitation programs. Federal funding was first appropriated in 1986 in an amendment to the Rehabilitation Act that authorized funding to states for supported employment. The Developmental Disabilities and Bill of Rights Act defines the purpose of supported employment as follows:

SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT SERVICESThe term supported employment services means services that enable individuals with developmental disabilities to perform competitive work in integrated work settings, in the case of individuals with developmental disabilities

for whom competitive employment has not traditionally occurred or

for whom competitive employment has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of significant disabilities and

who, because of the nature and severity of their disabilities, need intensive supported employment services or extended services in order to perform such work.

Adults’ Alternate Method: Residual Functional Capacity

If your condition doesn’t to meet the disability listing for autistic disorders, the SSA will evaluate your residual functional capacity . Your RFC is the most you can perform in a work setting. The SSA will consider various skills, including your ability to sit, stand, and walk, your ability to work with others, and your ability to concentrate on tasks. To be found disabled, you must be unable to perform any jobs given your RFC.

If your autism is severe, then you will likely have problems interacting with the public and with supervisors, and these limitations should show up in your RFC. This will reduce the number of jobs that you can perform. Due to your autism, you may also have problems focusing on work tasks for an extended length of time. If you are unable to perform work at a competitive pace, then the SSA could consider you disabled because you are prevented from performing almost all jobs.

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    What Benefits Are Available

    The Social Security Administration has two types of programs. They are:

    • Social Security Disability Income for people who once worked but are no longer able to do so. Children typically don’t qualify for this program since they have no work history, but adults with autism might.
    • Supplemental Security Income for low-income households in which a person can’t work due to a disability. Both adults and children with autism might qualify for this program.

    These programs are very different, but eligibility requirements and application processes are much the same.

    Autism And Intellectual Disability

    Ask an Autistic #16 – Is Autism a Disability?

    About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

    The incidence of autism is 1 in 68 births in the United States. The occurrence is about 4.5 times more common in boys with a 1 in 42 incidence rate and girls have a rate of 1 in 1892.

    About 1 in 6 children in the United States had a developmental disability in 2006-2008, ranging from mild disabilities such as speech and language impairments to serious developmental disabilities, such as intellectual disabilities, cerebral palsy, and autism2.

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    How To Apply For Benefits

    The Social Security Administration is a federal entity, but benefits flow from the states to people in need. In some cases, you’ll start the conversation online. It pays to know where your state’s benefits office is located, so you can get added help as needed.

    To apply for benefits for kids:

    • Make an appointment. Meet with a professional in the SSA in your state.
    • Gather paperwork. You’ll need medical records, doctors notes, test results, notes from teachers, income data, and anything else that can help you prove your child’s disability.
    • Complete an application. You’ll get the forms you need during your meeting, and you might fill them out before your appointment ends.

    To apply for benefits for adults:

    • Gather paperwork. Pull together medical records, employment records, notes from bosses, test results, and anything else that helps to prove a disability.
    • Hop online. Apply for disability benefits through the SSA website. Save your work and return to an open application if you can’t complete the form in one day.

    Prepare to wait several weeks before you hear back, experts say. The team must assess all the data you sent, and that takes time.

    Can People With Autism Receive The Disability Tax Credit

    Autism is a developmental disorder that exists on a spectrum. From mild to severe, and everything in between, each diagnosis of autism is unique. This is why autism, as a disability, does not automatically make one eligible for the Disability Tax Credit Certificate. The spectrum is broad and the symptoms of this condition are sporadic in some cases.

    Social skills, language abilities, and behaviour are common symptoms of autism. This can affect how a person with autism interacts with other people. In addition, sensory issues may cause tremors or constant movement.

    It can be challenging to know whether or not a person is eligible for the Disability Tax Credit. By reviewing the qualifying factors and exploring a few examples, it may clarify if an individuals case ought to qualify for the benefits program.

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    Disability Applicants Who Have Serious Difficulty Communicating To Others Impaired Social Conduct And Repetitive Behavior Patterns May Qualify For Benefits

    By Bethany K. Laurence, Attorney

    Autism is a developmental disorder that results in impaired social behavior, difficulty communicating to others, and repetitive behavior patterns. The severity of the disorder can vary from one individual to the next. Children who have autism may exhibit the following signs: withdrawing from other people, limited eye contact, a delay in speaking and forming words, repetitive actions such as rocking, and an excessive focus on certain objects. Medical experts diagnose autism by performing neurological, cognitive, and language testing.

    How Is Asd Diagnosed

    Why do kids with autism stim?

    ASD symptoms can vary greatly from person to person depending on the severity of the disorder. Symptoms may even go unrecognized for young children who have mild ASD or less debilitating handicaps.

    Autism spectrum disorder is diagnosed by clinicians based on symptoms, signs, and testing according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, a guide created by the American Psychiatric Association used to diagnose mental disorders. Children should be screened for developmental delays during periodic checkups and specifically for autism at 18- and 24-month well-child visits.

    Very early indicators that require evaluation by an expert include:

    • no babbling or pointing by age 1
    • no single words by age 16 months or two-word phrases by age 2
    • no response to name
    • excessive lining up of toys or objects
    • no smiling or social responsiveness

    Later indicators include:

    • impaired ability to make friends with peers
    • impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
    • absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
    • repetitive or unusual use of language
    • abnormally intense or focused interest
    • preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
    • inflexible adherence to specific routines or rituals

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