Support For Adults With Autism
Adults arent generally given the same support as children with ASD. Sometimes adults with ASD may be treated with cognitive, verbal, and applied behavioral therapy.
Note that certain therapies such as applied behavioral analysis are controversial in autistic communities. Some advocacy groups such as the Autistic Self-Advocacy Network do not support the use of ABA.
In general, youll want to seek out specific support based on the impacts youre experiencing. This might include anxiety, social isolation, relationship problems, or job difficulties.
Some possibilities include:
Peer Support For Autistic Individuals
Peer support and advocacy are key for autistic individuals. Those looking to connect with organizations run by and for autistic people can refer to the Autistic Women & Nonbinary Network and the Asperger/Autism Network.
These organizations include information about getting diagnosed, treatment options, advocacy, and social support for autistic people and their loved ones.
Are High Functioning Autism Female Adults Symptoms Different To The Signs Of Autism In Adult Men
Extensive studies into autism have found that boys are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with autism than girls. Statistically, a boy or man is 400% more likely to be diagnosed than a girl or woman of a similar age.
However, why this is the case is not entirely clear.
It has been suggested by some that autism in adult women symptoms may be somewhat different to the signs of autism in adult men. For example, a study carried out in 2015 found that women may be genetically immune to some of the symptoms of autism that affect men. Particularly when it comes to social behaviour, girls and women with autism may function more normally than their male counterparts.
This particular theory is heavily disputed, but there is nonetheless overwhelming evidence to suggest that women are far less likely to be diagnosed with autism than men. Though this does not necessarily suggest that women are less likely to be autistic than men – it could simply be that their symptoms are more difficult to identify.
Read Also: How To Recognise Autism In Your Child
Can People With High
Intelligence, focus, pattern recognition, and other common attributes of people with high-functioning autism make them exceptional employees. But they often need a little help from bosses and coworkers to succeed.
Temple Grandin says, for example, that she believes people on the high end of the spectrum often need to be so good in a specialized fieldthat their bosses will overlook missing social skills. For example, if someone has extraordinary computer programming skills, a company might be willing to hire them despite their inability to participate in group brainstorming sessions.
This may sound fanciful or inaccurate, but the data bears out Grandins assumption. Researchers say about half of all people with ASD have no paid job or technical experience two years after college.
The Autism Society explains that three types of employment opportunities exist for people with ASD:
- Competitive: Employers offer no support during the workday. People may succeed here, despite the lack of support, if their jobs are focused and dont rely on extensive human interaction.
- Supported: Employers develop structures to help the person succeed during the workday. Mentors, structured work crews, or individual coaching could be part of the program.
- Sheltered: Employment is guaranteed, and people get work training and skills while they work.
Each person with high-functioning autism is different. Some people might succeed with lower levels of help. Others will not.
Symptoms Of Autism Spectrum Disorder In Adults
Common symptoms of autism in adults include:
- Difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or feeling
- Trouble interpreting facial expressions, body language, or social cues
- Difficulty regulating emotion
- Trouble keeping up a conversation
- Inflection that does not reflect feelings
- Difficulty maintaining the natural give-and-take of a conversation prone to monologues on a favorite subject
- Tendency to engage in repetitive or routine behaviors
- Only participates in a restricted range of activities
- Strict consistency to daily routines outbursts when changes occur
- Exhibiting strong, special interests
Autism spectrum disorder is typically a life-long condition, though early diagnosis and treatment can make a tremendous difference.
Also Check: How To Teach An Autistic Child To Read
Other Signs Of Autism
You may also have other signs, like:
- not understanding social “rules”, such as not talking over people
- avoiding eye contact
- getting too close to other people, or getting very upset if someone touches or gets too close to you
- noticing small details, patterns, smells or sounds that others do not
- having a very keen interest in certain subjects or activities
- liking to plan things carefully before doing them
Strong Dislike Of Change
Many people with high-functioning ASD have strong negative reactions to changes in their environment. They might become anxious if something new happens, even if it’s positive. They might also be unable to cope with sudden changes in plans or schedules. For example, if they are forced to choose a different brand than their usual cereal provider, they might become highly activated and irritated.
Autism And Mental Health
Autism itself isnt a mental health condition. It just means that you think, feel and experience the world around you differently. However, its important to understand that people with autism might be more prone to developing mental health or other conditions such as anxiety and depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and attention deficit disorder , Tourettes syndrome and sleep disorders.
Diagnosis For Aspergers Syndrome
There is no one test for autism. All children are screened for autism at their 18-month and 24-month checkups. The screening will generally include:
- Asking about a childs behavior and developmental milestones
- Observing the child to see how they interact with those around them and their environment
- Asking the child to perform tasks that test their thinking skills and decision-making ability
In addition, a childs pediatrician may perform tests to rule out other issues that may cause autism-like symptoms, including:
- Blood tests to check for lead poisoning
- Hearing tests to rule out hearing loss
- Genetic tests to rule out disorders such as Fragile X and Rett Syndrome
You May Like: Do We All Have Autism
What Are The Symptoms Of Autism
Autism symptoms usually appear in early childhood, before the age of 2. For example, infants may not make eye contact. In some cases, they might show indifference toward their parents.
Around age 2, they may start to show signs of aggression, fail to respond to their name, or start taking steps backward in their language development.
Still, autism is a spectrum disorder, and not all children with autism display these symptoms. Generally, though, autism symptoms tend to involve problems with social interactions and behavioral patterns.
Warning Signs Of High Functioning Autism In Children
Whether you are familiar with autism or not, its very likely that you know or have met someone who has autism spectrum disorder. When people think of autism, they often picture a child who cannot speak or care for themselves.
Of course, that is autism, but one thing thats not as well known is that autism spectrum disorder has a very broad set of symptoms and characteristics.
There are also several different functioning levels of autism including mild, moderate, and severe. However, these levels also have a wide variety of symptoms that can be different for each person.
Now, your childs doctor is looking out for any signs of severe autism by keeping an eye on their developmental progress. So if they are behind on walking, talking, and etc, those could be signs of autism.
However, when you have a child who is high functioning autistic, they can slip through the cracks because the signs may not be quite as obvious.
This page may contain affiliate links, however, I will never recommend anything that I do not believe in and use myself. You can read more about my disclosure policy here.
Also Check: Is Freddie Highmore Autistic In Real Life
Read Also: When Is Autism Awareness Month
What Is Asperger’s Syndrome
Asperger’s syndrome is a diagnosis that was once given to those who had trouble with social interactions. People diagnosed with Asperger’s also had obsessive interests and enjoyed repetitive activities.
Since 2013, people who were once considered to have Asperger’s have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Doctors now understand behaviors that were once believed to be associated with Asperger’s as caused by mild autism.
How Is Mild Autism In Adults Typically Treated Or Managed
The vast majority of cases of adult autism are accompanied by comparatively mild symptoms. This is due to the fact that if the individuals symptoms were more severe, they would have probably been picked up on at an earlier age.
Mild autism symptoms in adults can be managed in a variety of ways – treatment in all instances begins with a formal diagnosis with an appropriate medical professional. Adults with autism may then be referred to specially trained counsellors or psychologists, local support groups may be recommended, and adult autism forums can be great places to meet others facing the same difficulties.
With adult autism, almost all cases are self-managed, and treatment programs are always entered into voluntarily by those affected.
Read Also: Can Autistic Child Get Disability
What Is High Functioning Autism
Autism spectrum disorder or ASD is a type of neurological, developmental condition. It can cause serious challenges for a persons:
- Social interactions
- Emotional and behavioral regulation
While some main symptoms of autism are to look out for, some people experience more severe symptoms than others.
Most ASD diagnoses in the USA are given to children, with the average age of diagnosis being 4 years and 4 months. However, if ASD is not identified during childhood, you can live with it for years before receiving a diagnosis. This can happen because:
- A lot of people are not familiar with the symptoms of ASD
- Not everyone has access to diagnostic facilities
- Symptoms of ASD can present themselves very differently depending on the individual
- Some children mask their symptoms of ASD very effectively
If you reach adulthood and are living with undiagnosed ASD, this is also known as high functioning autism. Essentially, this means that you are living with ASD but are trying to function in a neurotypical way. You may also be unaware that the way that you process things is different from other people.
The Core Symptoms Of Autism Are:
social communication challengesand
- interfere with daily living.
Specialized healthcare providers diagnose autism using a checklist of criteria in the two categories above. They also assess autism symptomseverity. Autisms severity scale reflects how much support a person needs for daily function.
Many people with autism have sensory issues. These typically involve over- or under-sensitivities to sounds, lights, touch, tastes, smells, pain and other stimuli.
Autism is also associated with high rates of certain physical and mental health conditions.
Recommended Reading: Does Autism Get Worse With Age
Other Signs Of High Functioning Autism
- You are often regarded as quirky and eccentric.
- You are hypersensitive to sensory input like pain, sound, light, touch or smell.
- You are extremely intelligent and knowledgeable about certain specific interests of yours, such as, mathematics, history, books, politics, sports etc.
- You want to do things for yourself most of the time, instead of for others.
These are some of the most common traits of high functioning autism in adults, and being aware of these signs can help you understand all of this better.
Ners Of Autistic People
Some autistic people will successfully maintain relationships. However, like most relationships, there are challenges.
An adults diagnosis of autism often follows their childs diagnosis of autism or that of another relative. This double whammy can be extremely distressing to the partner who has to cope simultaneously with both diagnoses. Counselling, or joining a support group where they can talk with other people who face the same challenges, can be helpful.
An autistic partner, like any partner, will have strengths and weaknesses when it comes to relationships. A non-autistic partner may find that there are communication breakdowns, such as misunderstandings or finding that your partner is not able to predict your feelings. An autistic partner may need routine, order and time to pursue their hobbies.
Relationship counselling with a counsellor or psychologist experienced at working with autistic people can assist couples to develop strategies and to communicate more effectively with each other.
Don’t Miss: Autism Level 2 Symptoms
What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disability that causes social, behavioral and communication challenges. Autism affects approximately one in every fifty-nine children in the United States. Symptoms vary widely from patient to patient.
Importance of Autism Awareness and Support
If you are looking for support services for children with Autism in Little Rock, knowing where in the Spectrum your child falls is important to finding appropriate care. Children with HFA tend to have very few intellectual challenges, and their IQ is usually above 70. Your child may score normally or above average on an IQ test and perform well in school, but she could still be autistic. Because children with HFA can have an above-average IQ and no intellectual challenges, High Functioning Autism awareness tends to be low. With little to no support for these children, they often become emotionally distressed.
Causes of Autism
The causes of autism have not been discovered, but doctors suggest the condition originates from structural underdevelopment of specific regions of the brain. There is no cure for ASD, but with therapeutictreatment for autism, your child can live a normal and fulfilling life. Knowing what to look for goes a long way in helping a child with autism receive the support they need.
Recommended Reading: Bubble Guppies Nonny Autistic
Why Is The Term High
The main reason the term high-functioning is controversial within the autism community is because of its lack of accuracy.
Generally, high-functioning autism is thought to refer to an autistic person who doesnt have an intellectual disability.
However, studies including one from 2019 have revealed that theres a weak correlation between IQ and adaptive behaviors like eating, getting dressed, tying shoelaces, and so forth.
What is considered high-functioning, therefore, is more complicated than mere intelligence quotients.
In other words, there are too many categories for functioning in society to label an autistic person as either high- or low-functioning, such as:
- communication abilities
- motor skills
- and more
These categories affect all autistic people differently. An autistic person with a high IQ, for instance, would generally be categorized as high-functioning yet could still score low in all social and communication categories.
The term completely disregards the difficulties these individuals have on a day-to-day basis, explains Andrew Whitehouse, PhD, professor of autism research at the Telethon Kids Institute and the University of Western Australia in Perth, Australia.
The concern is that those who are labeled as high-functioning will not be able to receive the care and services they need.
Although high-functioning can manifest in many different ways within autistic individuals, there are several common symptoms to look out for.
Differences With Social And Emotional Reciprocity
Autistic people with differences in social and emotional reciprocity may, for example, struggle to initiate or respond to communication, finding it difficult to participate in its typical back-and-forth nature. They may also face challenges in speaking about non-preferred topics.
People used to think it was an inability to empathize that lead to this. However, newer research has changed how we think about autism and empathy. It is almost the opposite, where autistic people may even be hyper empathetic.
It is just that their experiences and neurotypes are different. There is not a lack of empathy, simply another way of understanding and processing it. For example, autistic people may isolate themselves, but it is not because they prefer to be alone. Instead, it could be because they may feel they are annoying or causing trouble for others.
My Neurodivergence Is Part Of Who I Am Not A Handicap
People often want to call autism a disorder, a handicap, or maybe even a disease.
I read something once by an anti-vaxxer, saying that vaccines could cause autism which, in turn, could prevent your child from becoming all that they could be.
An interesting turn of phrase, all that they could be. As if being autistic prevents you from being whole or yourself.
Neurodivergence, or autism, isnt something thats separate from who I am. Its just one of the things that makes me who I am.
Im whole and complete including my neurodivergence not despite it. I actually think that without it, I wouldnt be completely me.
Usually, people dont think Im on the spectrum at all, mainly because it doesnt always look the way they think it should.
Plus, Im really good at altering my behavior to mimic conventional social norms even when it feels odd to me or is contrary to what I actually want to do or say. Many autistic people are.
Pretty much every single thing I do when in public is so nobody thinks Im weird. Ill probably always alter my behavior, because its easier over time. Because if I didnt, I likely wouldnt have the career or life that I have now.
Recommended Reading: How To Treat Hyperactivity In Autism