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What Does A Child With Autism Look Like

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If Your Infant Does Not Look At You This May Or May Not Be A Sign Of Autism

What does a Child with Autism look like?

Lets put it this way: The answer to If my baby wont look at me does this automatically mean autism? is No, says Dr. Lisa Lewis, MD, a board certified pediatrician in Fort Worth, Texas, and author of Feed the Baby Hummus, Pediatrician-Backed Secrets from Cultures Around the World.

Dr. Lewis explains, Poor eye contact is one of many signs of autism. In order to be diagnosed with autism, an older child has to meet the criteria for the diagnosis as described in the DSM-5 from the American Psychiatric Association.

There is way more to that criteria than fails to maintain eye contact with the parents.

Many babies who are less than a month of age dont make good eye contact, as they are learning to use their eye muscles, continues Dr. Lewis.

Poor eye contact in a baby over age six weeks may be a sign of poor vision or an early sign of autism.

However, some babies dont make good eye contact early on for no obvious reason.

Autism cannot be ruled out if a child makes poor eye contact. On the other hand, many children with excellent eye contact are diagnosed with autism.

In short, you should not diagnose your infant with autism based on eye contact.

But the older a baby gets , the more relevant lack of eye contact becomes and the more predictive it is for a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder .

Other Signs Of Autism In 4

These signs are usually accompanied by some of the other signs listed above:

ASD encompasses a broad range of signs and symptoms. An autistic child may need minimal support in some aspects of their life and more significant support in other aspects.

An autistic child who needs minimal support may have:

  • little interest in social interactions or social activities
  • difficulty initiating social interactions or maintaining conversations
  • trouble with appropriate communication
  • trouble adapting to changes in routine or behavior
  • difficulty making friends

An autistic child who needs a moderate amount of support, or who needs daily support, may have:

  • difficulty coping with a change to their routine or surroundings
  • a significant lack of verbal and nonverbal communication skills
  • severe and obvious behavioral challenges
  • repetitive behaviors that interfere with their daily life
  • an unusual or a reduced ability to communicate or interact with others
  • narrow, specific interests

An autistic child who needs significant support on a daily basis may:

Restricted And Repetitive Patterns Of Behaviour

  • A strong preference for routine and order is common.
  • They may get very upset when their routines are interrupted.
  • They may experience difficulty with transitioning between activities and into new environments.
  • They may have a special interest which they enjoy talking about a lot, or spend a lot of time doing.
  • They may use behaviour as a way of communicating due to problems with communication and social interaction.
  • They may appear to be clumsy and have poor motor skills.
  • They may make unusual movements or sounds .
  • They may also have poor problem-solving or organisational skills.
  • This means they may be hyper or hyposensitive to various stimuli

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What Are The Next Steps

Signs of autism are usually evident by 4 years old. If youve noticed signs of autism in your child, its important to talk with their doctor to get them screened as soon as possible.

You can start by going to their pediatrician to explain your concerns. The pediatrician can give you a referral to a specialist in your area.

Specialists who can diagnose autism in children include:

  • developmental pediatricians

What Does Autism Look Like

Wound Up Mom: What Autism Looks Like From Here

This section describes autism spectrum disorder in greater detail. The term spectrum can be dened as a continuous sequence or range . As such, parents, caregivers, and educators will recognize the wide range of strengths and challenges children with ASD exhibit.

Social Communication Impairments may include the following:

Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities include:

Many parents, caregivers, and educators report that children with ASD exhibit behavioral challenges such as tantrum behavior, aggressive behavior, self-injurious behavior, property destruction, and noncompliance. Challenging behaviors should be addressed promptly at home and at school.

Also Check: Asd Life Expectancy

As Autism Awareness Increases Across The Country More Parents Are Gaining An Understanding That Their Kids Are Not Just Socially Awkward Or Late Bloomers But That They Are Living With An Autistic Spectrum Disorder

There are different levels of disability on the Spectrum. Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism are the mildest. HFA, though no longer an accepted medical term, refers to a wide range of neurodevelopmental disorders and is quite similar to AS. However, the two can be differentiated by specific characteristics more commonly associated with one than the other. If you are concerned your child may be living with HFA, understanding the distinct signs and symptoms of HFA may help you decide if you need to look for treatment for autism in Little Rock.

What Is Considered Mild Autism

After you receive an autism diagnosis for yourself or your child, the next logical step is to wonder about the severity of the disorder. Autism is called a spectrum for a good reason: symptoms can range dramatically from very mild to very severe. It can help to understand how mild autism is different from more severe forms of the disorder.

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Restricted Or Repetitive Behaviors Or Interests

People with ASD have behaviors or interests that can seem unusual. These behaviors or interests set ASD apart from conditions defined by only problems with social communication and interaction.

Examples of restricted or repetitive interests and behaviors related to ASD can include:

  • Lines up toys or other objects and gets upset when order is changed
  • Repeats words or phrases over and over
  • Plays with toys the same way every time
  • Is focused on parts of objects
  • Gets upset by minor changes
  • Has obsessive interests
  • Flaps hands, rocks body, or spins self in circles
  • Has unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel

What Should You Not Say To A Child With Autism

What Does Adult Autism Look Like?

5 things to NEVER say to someone with Autism:Dont worry, everyones a little Autistic. No. You must be like Rainman or something. Here we go again not everyone on the spectrum is a genius. Do you take medication for that? This breaks my heart every time I hear it. I have social issues too. You seem so normal!Dec 13, 2017

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He Didnt Have The Classic Symptoms Of Autism

Perhaps the biggest reason of all that I missed the more sublt signs of autism in my son, is because he didnt have the classic signs at all.

He could say 20 words by his first birthday and was using short sentences by 18 months old. He met every single milestone early or on time.

At 2, he knew his letters, numbers, shapes, planets and more. At three he could write his name, recognize sight words and was learning phonics.

This is why I ignored my gut when I thought something was different.

Everything I read about autism online made it seem so definitive that he must have a speech delay to have autism or that he must avoid eye contact, even as signs of high functioning autism.

But remember, autism is a spectrum and there is no one size fits all.

So, as I mentioned at the beginning of this post: If youre a parent with concerns about your child, always follow your gut and talk to your childs doctor.

My School And Neighborhood

Look around your school and neighborhood to see how many barriers need to be changed to help kids with autism to have the same opportunities to be friends and participate in activities just like kids without disabilities.

  • Do you have any kids in your school who have autism? If so, see if you can invite them to visit your class. Try to be a friend and play with them on the playground.
  • You can show that you support efforts to learn more about autism spectrum disorders by wearing a ribbon that represents this cause. Find out where you might get some ribbons for you and your classmates to display. Autism Awareness month is celebrated in April each year.
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    Reduced Emotion In Facial Expressions

    Facial expressions are a nonverbal way to communicate thoughts and feelings.

    Research on emotional expression in autistic infants is limited, but in studies involving school-age children, researchers have found that autistic children display less emotion through facial expressions than children with nonautistic development.

    That doesnt necessarily mean autistic children are feeling less emotion, just that less of it shows on their faces when they do.

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    Early Signs Of Autism

    The Cherry On Top: What Not To Tell People With Autistic ...

    Signs of autism in babies

    Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder, which means that signs become apparent as a child does not develop as expected, for example developing speech or learning to crawl later than expected.

    As such, there are few signs of autism that are noticeable in newborns. However, if a baby fails to reach the developmental milestones expected at two months old, four months old, six months old, nine months old and a year old, this could be one of the first signs of autism or another developmental condition.

    Good to know: Not all babies reach developmental milestones at the exact same time. It is normal to have some variation in development. If in doubt about a childââ¬â¢s development, check with a doctor.

    Some of the early signs that a baby under one year old may have autism spectrum disorder include:

    • Not babbling by four months old
    • Not smiling by five months old
    • Not laughing by six months old
    • No interest in games like pat-a-cake or peek-a-boo by eight months old
    • Not responding to their name by 12 months old
    • Not looking at objects pointed out by other people by 12 months old
    • Being upset by loud noises
    • Not looking to a parent for comfort in new situations
    • Being happy to play alone for long periods of time
    • Not making eye contact

    Signs of autism in toddlers

    Some of the signs that a toddler, between one year old and two years old, may have autism spectrum disorder include:

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    Common Signs Of Autism

    Some of the more common signs that may indicate a person has autism include:

    • Avoiding eye contact
    • Delayed speech and communication skills
    • Reliance on rules and routines
    • Being upset by relatively minor changes
    • Unexpected reactions to sounds, tastes, sights, touch and smells
    • Difficulty understanding other peopleââ¬â¢s emotions
    • Focusing on or becoming obsessed by a narrow range of interests or objects
    • Engaging in repetitive behavior such as flapping hands or rocking
    • Children not responding to their name by 12 months
    • Children not pointing at distant objects by 14 months

    Worried you or someone you know might have some of the signs of autism? The Ada app can help you check symptoms. or find out more about how it works.

    S To Take If You Believe A Teenager Has Autism

    If you think your teenager has autism, is it important for you to carry out research. Sites such as Child Autism UK can help you better understand the condition and the steps to take next.

    You should also contact their special educational needs coordinator to discuss the symptoms. It is also important to speak to your GP who can provide medical advice and referrals where necessary.

    Read Also: Growing Out Of Autism Spectrum

    What Are Signs Of Autism In A 2 Year Old Child

    It can be tough to tell if a 2-year-old child has autism. Just as many children without the condition have some of the same behaviors.

    The most obvious signs of autism spectrum disorder , specialist agree, show up when tots are between 2 and 3 years old. Each child is different in relation to other and mental unbalanced children are the same. A few guardians even notice cautioning signs in the earliest stages .

    If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism in Babies, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9899437202. We are always here to help you.

    Different children appear to make as normal up to around year and a half when an advance in achieving points of reference appears to stop or the youngsters begin to decline.

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    A Quick Look At Functioning Labels

    What does problem behavior look like in child with Autism

    Now, I dont like using functioning labels. But, hes often described as having high-functioning autism. So, for the sake of this post, Ill be using that term. Its also sometimes called mild autism.

    He doesnt have all the signs of classic autism so his assessment was later than the average age . This often happens because the signs of high-functioning autism are more subtle.

    Misdiagnosis is more common for kids who fit the high-functioning profile, in other words, those requiring less intensive supports

    Looking back I see they signs were there long before I picked up on them and I want to share them with you.

    Remember, if your child does some of the things on this list, it doesnt mean theyre autistic. This post is about my personal experience.

    But if you are a parent reading this and wondering about your own child my advice is: always follow your gut.

    Voice your concerns to your childs doctor. If I had followed my gut, we probably would have had an earlier diagnosis.

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    Aspergers Diagnosis And Treatment

    Getting Evaluated for Autism. Parents who suspect that their child has autism should consult with a developmental and behavioral pediatrician, a child psychiatrist, or a psychologist with expertise in the autism spectrum. The evaluation typically involves observing your child and talking to you about their development, such as asking questions about your childs social interaction and communication skills. Your child may undergo tests to determine their level of intellect and academic abilities and to assess their current level in speech, language, and visual-motor problem-solving.

    Assist the Doctors Evaluation. Write down any behaviors you have noticed, vital personal information , a list of medications, vitamins, and supplements your child takes, and questions you want to ask the doctor.

    Support Plan for Autistic Children. Most children benefit from early, specialized interventions that focus on behavior management and social skills training, such as learning how to interpret gestures, eye contact, tone of voice, humor, and sarcasm. Cognitive behavior therapy can help them manage obsessive behavior and anxiety.

    Can A Grandparent Help A Child With Autism

    If you are a grandparent of a child recently diagnosed with autism, you have come to the right place. This guide will help provide you with a better understanding of autism, and arm you with tips, tools and real life stories to guide you as you support your family immediately after the diagnosis and beyond.

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    What Does Clothing Sensitivity Look Like

    Clothing sensitivity is often due to a child having tactile defensiveness. Tactile meaning the sense of touch defensiveness meaning to react negatively toward the stimulus.

    These reactions are aversive and appear out of proportion to how most people would respond to wearing clothing. Oftentimes, a child reacts in a way that makes the clothing appear to feel painful.

    Sensory issues with clothing become a concern when they start to interfere with a childs ability to function in daily life.

    This involves more than the child who always wants to wear the same shirt because it has their favorite logo on it or it is their favorite color as this is more about style preference.

    Its dealing more with a child who has real issues donning clothing and refuses to wear an article of clothing based on the way it feels causing the child to cry and scream and not be able to proceed with the task of dressing.

    How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosed

    Why early diagnosis of autism in children is a good thing

    Different health care providers evaluate your child to help diagnose ASD. Providers include:

    • Developmental pediatrician. This is a pediatrician who has special training in child development and taking care of children with special needs.
    • Child neurologist. This is a doctor who treats the brain, spine and nerves in children.
    • Child psychiatrist or child psychologist. These are mental health professionals who have special training to take care of children with emotional or mental health problems.
    • Occupational therapist. This is a specialist who helps people learn to carry out everyday activities.
    • For children, this may be things like brushing teeth, getting dressed, putting on shoes or learning to use a pencil.
    • Physical therapist. This is a specialist who creates exercise programs to help build strength and help with movement.
    • Speech therapist. This is a specialist who helps people with speech and language problems. For children this may include helping with saying sounds or words correctly and completely. It can also include in helping children be understood and also understand others.

    To evaluate your child, the providers may:

    Your childs providers may use medical tests to see if your child has a medical condition with signs or symptoms that are similar to ASD. These include:

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    Limited Or No Response To Their Name

    At 6 months , most infants show an awareness of their own names, especially when its spoken by their mother.

    Autistic infants show a developmental difference: By 9 months, many babies who later develop ASD dont orient to their own names. say this usually appears as a pattern of nonresponse, rather than a single instance.

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