Tuesday, July 16, 2024

What Does High Functioning Autism Look Like

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Do People With Aspergers Need Time Alone

What is High Functioning Autism? | Kati Morton

One of the hallmarks of a child with autism is there desire to be alone. Most people dont mind spending a little time alone, but we are social animals and most of us typically prefer the company of others. So much so that when we are alone, we will turn on the TV just to make it feel like someone else is in the room.

Verbal Symptoms Of High Functioning Autism In Adults

The symptoms of high functioning autism in adults vary from individual to individual. Many adults have a good grasp and understanding of language but the way they speak sets them apart as different. Typical signs include the following:

  • Formal style of speech that does not suit the occasion.
  • The prosody or melody of speech is unusual and this is reflected through its pitch, stress and rhythm. The meaning of speech is communicated through accents, flow and volume and an autistic person does not use these in the ways that other people do.
  • Figures of speech and sarcasm are not understood by autistic adults and expressions such as âhas the cat got your tongue?â may be taken literally.
  • Conversational skills are weak and the adult may avoid conversing or often launches into a monologue about a personal interest.

A Quick Look At Functioning Labels

Now, I dont like using functioning labels. But, hes often described as having high-functioning autism. So, for the sake of this post, Ill be using that term. Its also sometimes called mild autism.

He doesnt have all the signs of classic autism so his assessment was later than the average age . This often happens because the signs of high-functioning autism are more subtle.

Misdiagnosis is more common for kids who fit the high-functioning profile, in other words, those requiring less intensive supports

Looking back I see they signs were there long before I picked up on them and I want to share them with you.

Remember, if your child does some of the things on this list, it doesnt mean theyre autistic. This post is about my personal experience.

But if you are a parent reading this and wondering about your own child my advice is: always follow your gut.

Voice your concerns to your childs doctor. If I had followed my gut, we probably would have had an earlier diagnosis.

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Autism Symptoms In Adults At Work

Symptoms of ASD vary greatly from person to person based on the severity of the condition. These or similar manifestations of ASD may be apparent at work:

  • When youre having a conversation with your boss, you prefer to look at the wall, her shoes, or anywhere but directly into her eyes.
  • Your co-workers say that you speak like a robot.
  • Each item on your desk has a special place, and you dont like when the cleaning company rearranges it to dust.
  • You are really good at math, or software coding, but struggle to succeed in other areas.
  • You talk to your co-workers the same way you talk with your family and friends.
  • During meetings, you find yourself making involuntary noises, like clearing your throat over and over.
  • When talking with your boss, you have difficulty telling if he is happy with your performance or mad at you.

In addition, individuals with ASD may exhibit extraordinary talents in visual skills, music, math, and art. And roughly 40 percent of individuals with ASD have average or above-average intelligence.

If you experience these or similar symptoms of ASD, consult a doctor or mental-health professional for a formal autism evaluation and learn more about treatment options for autism symptoms in adults.

What Are The 5 Types Of Autism

High functioning autism

What are the 5 different types of autism?

  • Level 1 Autism Spectrum Disorder , previously called Aspergers Syndrome
  • Rhett Syndrome, although this has been removed from the spectrum
  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
  • Kanners Syndrome or Classic Autistic Disorder and.
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified .

Also Check: What Is The Difference Between Sensory Processing Disorder And Autism

What Are The Signs Of Aspergers In Adults

Signs of Aspergers in adults

  • Social awkwardness. Adults with mild autism may come off as socially awkward.
  • Difficulty understanding jokes or sarcasm.
  • Challenges making or keeping friends.
  • Sensory issues.
  • Lack of adherence to social rules.
  • Very strong and particular interests.
  • Difficulty with change.

High Functioning Autism Explained

Ill never forget the look on her face when I told her my older son was autistic. She was completely dumbfounded, and stood speechless for a moment. Immediately following an epic public meltdown, this lady had reprimanded me for having such an unruly child. After she regained her composure, all she could blurt out was, But hes so high functioning! With that, she scurried off. I dont know who gave her the right to label him as such, but what is high functioning autism anyway?

Also Check: Can Autism Be Passed Down

Guide Them Through Communication Issues With Others

If you arrive at Grandma and Grandpas house and your child walks in and fails to greet them, this is an opportunity to teach the child about the importance of using their manners and being respectful of others. If your child labels another child as good or bad, this is an opportunity to sit down and discuss what good and bad is and teach them that there is all of the in-between good and bad to consider when we communicate and relate to others.

Behaviour Signs Of Autism In Older Children And Teenagers

Perry compilation. What higher functioning autism can look like in a toddler

Repetitive behaviour and interests Older autistic children and teenagers might:

  • have unusual interests or obsessions for example, they might collect sticks or memorise football statistics but not really be interested in the game
  • have compulsive behaviour for example, they might line things up or need to close all the doors in the house
  • have an unusual attachment to objects for example, they might carry toys around, or collect unusual items like chip packets or shoelaces
  • be easily upset by change and like to follow routines for example, they might like to sit in the same seat for every meal or have a special order for getting ready in the morning
  • repeat body movements or have unusual body movements, like hand-flapping or rocking
  • make repetitive noises for example, grunts, throat-clearing or squealing.

Sensory sensitivitiesOlder autistic children and teenagers might:

  • be sensitive to sensory experiences for example, they might be easily upset by certain sounds or uncomfortable clothes, or eat only foods with a certain texture
  • seek sensory stimulation for example, they might like deep pressure, seek vibrating objects like washing machines, or flutter fingers to the sides of their eyes to watch the light flicker
  • be less responsive to pain than other children.

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He Drank From A Bottle For A Really Long Time

Not being able to adjust well to change is very normal for autistic children.

In hindsight, I am positive this is why it was so hard to wean him off the bottle. He never used a soother so at the time I thought the bottle was just very comforting to him but there was actually a little more to why he couldnt let it go.

This isnt the only way he was resistant to changes. He used to insist on keeping his shoes on in the house, sometimes wearing them to bed. It would take half the winter to get him to wear a winter hat, and then half the summer to get him to wear a sun hat.

My current challenge is finding him the same sneakers, over and over again, as he grows and needs a bigger size.

I Have High Functioning Autism

I spent my entire life struggling to know why I was so different from everyone else. I was born in the 90s and back then only boys seemed to have high functioning autism. In fact, my younger brother was diagnosed with high functioning autism as a small child.

The reason that girls are often overlooked is that girls mature faster than boys and they usually have a better ability to adapt to their situations and blend in.

However, once I had my first child and she started to have symptoms of autism, I was later tested and diagnosed with high functioning autism at 26 years old. Now as an adult I have had to learn more about how to handle my symptoms. Being diagnosed literally changed my life, but I really wish I had been diagnosed as a child so I could have received therapy and understanding.

Recommended Reading: Level 2 Autism Symptoms

How Often Is Autism Misdiagnosed As Adhd

In a 2014 review of studies looking at the co-occurrence of ADHD and ASD, researchers found that between 30 to 50 percent of people with ASD also have symptoms of ADHD. Researchers dont fully understand the cause for either condition, or why they occur together so frequently. Both conditions may be linked to genetics.

Diagnosis Of Autism In Adults

What is High Functioning Autism

There are currently no standard diagnostic criteria for adults with suspected ASD, but they are in development.

In the meantime, clinicians primarily diagnose adults with ASD through a series of in-person observations and interactions. They also take into consideration any symptoms the person reports experiencing.

If youre interested in being evaluated for ASD, begin with your family doctor, who will evaluate you to be certain that there isnt an underlying physical illness accounting for your behaviors. Your doctor may then refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist for in-depth assessment.

The clinician will want to talk with you about any issues you have regarding communication, emotions, behavioral patterns, range of interests, and more. Youll answer questions about your childhood, and your clinician might request to speak with your parents or other older family members to gain their perspectives about your lifelong behavior patterns.

If the diagnostic criteria for children are being used for reference, your clinician can ask your parent questions from that list, relying on their memories of you as a child for further information.

If your clinician determines that you didnt display symptoms of ASD in childhood, but instead began experiencing symptoms as a teen or adult, you may be evaluated for other possible mental health or affective disorders.

Because most autism diagnoses are made in children, it could be a challenge to find a provider who will diagnose adults.

Read Also: Life Expectancy Of Autistic Person

Getting An Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis

The road to an ASD diagnosis can be difficult and time-consuming. In fact, it is often two to three years after the first symptoms of ASD are noticed before an official diagnosis is made. This is due in large part to concerns about labeling or incorrectly diagnosing the child. However, an ASD diagnosis can also be delayed if the doctor doesnt take a parents concerns seriously or if the family isnt referred to health care professionals who specialize in developmental disorders.

If youre worried that your child has ASD, its important to seek out a clinical diagnosis. But dont wait for that diagnosis to get your child into treatment. Early intervention during the preschool years will improve your childs chances for overcoming their developmental delays. So look into treatment options and try not to worry if youre still waiting on a definitive diagnosis. Putting a potential label on your kids problem is far less important than treating the symptoms.

What Does High Functioning Autism Look Like In Toddlers

Can a 2 year old have Aspergers?

AS is usually first diagnosed in children between the ages of 2 and 6 years. The exact cause of AS is unknown and there is no known way to prevent its occurrence. Most research suggests all autism spectrum disorders have shared genetic mechanisms, but AS may have a stronger genetic component than autism.

What is a mild form of Aspergers?

Asperger Syndrome is a pervasive developmental disorder that is widely described as a mild form of autism. People with ASD tend to have many of the social and sensory issues of those with more severe forms of autistic disorder but have average to above average IQs and vocabularies.

What are signs of autism in a 2 year old?

What Are the Signs of Autism in a 2 to 3 Year-Old?

  • may not be able to speak,
  • use items differently, like lining up the toys instead of playing with them,
  • have limited speech,
  • struggle to follow simple instructions,
  • have limited inventory of sounds, words, and gestures,
  • are not interested in playing with others,
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    As Autism Awareness Increases Across The Country More Parents Are Gaining An Understanding That Their Kids Are Not Just Socially Awkward Or Late Bloomers But That They Are Living With An Autistic Spectrum Disorder

    There are different levels of disability on the Spectrum. Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism are the mildest. HFA, though no longer an accepted medical term, refers to a wide range of neurodevelopmental disorders and is quite similar to AS. However, the two can be differentiated by specific characteristics more commonly associated with one than the other. If you are concerned your child may be living with HFA, understanding the distinct signs and symptoms of HFA may help you decide if you need to look for treatment for autism in Little Rock.

    Other Issues Associated With Autism

    What it’s Like To Have Asperger’s Syndrome High Functioning Autism

    Older autistic children and teenagers often have other issues as well. These might include:

    • difficulty with sleep for example, they might have difficulty falling asleep, or might regularly wake up or have broken sleep patterns
    • anxiety or feeling overwhelmed for example, they might feel anxious about going to new places, or being in social situations
    • depression older autistic children and teenagers who are aware of their differences are also often aware of how others see them and can feel like outsiders. These feelings of low mood might be intensified by changing hormone levels during puberty
    • aggressive behaviour they often have sensory sensitivities that can lead to sudden aggressive behaviour. They might have difficulty understanding whats going on around them, which can lead to frustration building up
    • eating disorders for example, they might have difficulty moving to secondary school and might develop an eating disorder to cope with feelings of anxiety
    • difficulty with organisational skills they might find the increase in complexity at secondary school hard to manage
    • school refusal they might feel overwhelmed or confused at school. They might also be vulnerable to bullying at school
    • gender dysphoria autistic children and teenagers can be more likely than other children and teenagers to identify as a gender thats different from the sex they were assigned at birth. If they feel distressed about this its called gender dysphoria.

    Read Also: Nonverbal Learning Disorder Vs Aspergers

    Characteristics Of People With High

    Most people with high-functioning autism receive the diagnosis as adults. This might be because they tend to have a keen intelligence that allows them to overcome difficulties.

    However, their families and their social environment suffer certain limitations. Thus, they tend to attribute such deficiencies to their personality. Thus, they rarely suspect that autism spectrum disorder is behind their behavior. Continue reading to find out more about what people with high-functioning autism are like.

    Getting Evaluated For Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Parent interview In the first phase of the diagnostic evaluation, you will give your doctor background information about your childs medical, developmental, and behavioral history. If you have been keeping a journal or taking notes on anything thats concerned you, share that information. The doctor will also want to know about your familys medical and mental health history.

    Medical exam The medical evaluation includes a general physical, a neurological exam, lab tests, and genetic testing. Your child will undergo this full screening to determine the cause of their developmental problems and to identify any co-existing conditions.

    Hearing test Since hearing problems can result in social and language delays, they need to be excluded before an Autism Spectrum Disorder can be diagnosed. Your child will undergo a formal audiological assessment where they are tested for any hearing impairments, as well as any other hearing issues or sound sensitivities that sometimes co-occur with autism.

    Observation Developmental specialists will observe your child in a variety of settings to look for unusual behavior associated with the Autism Spectrum Disorder. They may watch your child playing or interacting with other people.

    Lead screening Because lead poisoning can cause autistic-like symptoms, the National Center for Environmental Health recommends that all children with developmental delays be screened for lead poisoning.

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    Not Classic Autism Symptoms

    The biggest problem with high functioning autism is that many parents and even some doctors are not sure what to look for. This is mostly because high functioning autistics can often blend in and adapt to situations.

    As I said, when you think of Autism you often picture a child who is nonverbal and rocking back and forth in a corner. However, there are definitely clear signs of high functioning autism. They are just not necessarily the classic autism symptoms that you hear about.

    Autism In Girls: What Are The Signs

    High functioning autism

    By Katherine G. Hobbs, AA

    Are you a parent with a daughter who you think could be on the autism spectrum? Perhaps you dont know where to start in terms of reaching a diagnosis? Youre not alone.

    Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests autism spectrum disorder affects 1 in 54 children in the United States across all ethnic groups and is four times as prevalent in boys than in girls. Various evidence now suggests that this is inaccurate, and more girls are living with ASD than people realize.

    ASD is characterized by social communication and social interaction difficulties, according to the DSM-5 classification system. However, research suggests that criteria for diagnosis is based on scientific evidence of autism in boys. As a result, diagnosing girls with autism usually occurs later in their development than it does for males.

    Due to this, many girls on the spectrum are left to go through life without the support and help they might need, unsure how to find answers to difficulties they face in their daily living. These challenges, depending on the extent and severity, can cause psychological strain for young girls as well as their families.

    To help girls on the spectrum receive an autism diagnosis quicker, it is important for parents to be aware of the possible signs of autism. So, how does autism appear in girls? Lets have a look at this topic and, hopefully, some answers will be offered in this article.

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