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What Does Someone With Autism Look Like

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Can A Grandparent Help A Child With Autism

What Does Autism Look Like?

If you are a grandparent of a child recently diagnosed with autism, you have come to the right place. This guide will help provide you with a better understanding of autism, and arm you with tips, tools and real life stories to guide you as you support your family immediately after the diagnosis and beyond.

Signs Of Autism In Older Children And Teens

Although autism spectrum disorder can reliably be diagnosed from the age of two or three years old, many children do not receive a diagnosis until they are older. Milder symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder who are higher functioning may not be recognized until they are in school.

Autism is a spectrum condition, which means that children will have different experiences of day-to-day living. Children who are more than five years old and on into their teenage years, who have mild symptoms and are towards the higher functioning range of the autism spectrum, may:

  • Develop a narrow range of interests or obsessions with certain topics
  • Engage in repetitive behavior such as hand flapping, twirling or snapping a rubber band
  • Not make eye contact
  • Use formal language rather than the slang of their peers
  • Place great importance on routines and rules
  • Develop strong preferences for certain foods, clothes or objects

Children who have more severe symptoms and are towards the lower functioning range of the autism spectrum may:

  • Not use speech at all
  • Become extremely distressed at changes to routine
  • Exhibit challenging behavior, such as being aggressive or banging head on wall
  • Need assistance with everyday living, such as bathing and dressing
  • Engage in repetitive behaviors, such as rocking
  • Insist on rules and routine
  • Develop rigid preferences for certain foods, clothes or objects
  • Need specialized diets

Also Check: Can A Child Outgrow Autism

As Autism Awareness Increases Across The Country More Parents Are Gaining An Understanding That Their Kids Are Not Just Socially Awkward Or Late Bloomers But That They Are Living With An Autistic Spectrum Disorder

There are different levels of disability on the Spectrum. Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism are the mildest. HFA, though no longer an accepted medical term, refers to a wide range of neurodevelopmental disorders and is quite similar to AS. However, the two can be differentiated by specific characteristics more commonly associated with one than the other. If you are concerned your child may be living with HFA, understanding the distinct signs and symptoms of HFA may help you decide if you need to look for treatment for autism in Little Rock.

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What Is Level 2 On The Autism Spectrum

Level 2: Requiring Substantial Support: Marked difficulties in verbal and nonverbal social communication skills. Markedly odd, restricted repetitive behaviors, noticeable difficulties changing activities or focus. Level 3: Requiring Very Substantial Support: Severe difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication.

Other Signs Of Autism

What Does Autism Look Like?

You may also have other signs, like:

  • not understanding social “rules”, such as not talking over people
  • avoiding eye contact
  • getting too close to other people, or getting very upset if someone touches or gets too close to you
  • noticing small details, patterns, smells or sounds that others do not
  • having a very keen interest in certain subjects or activities
  • liking to plan things carefully before doing them

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What Does Autism Look Like In The Brain

People on the autism spectrum often dislike exposure to unexpected stimuli, but why is that? New research takes a look at what happens in the brain, and how that relates to a persons ability to tolerate exposure to various stimuli.

People with autism do not like unexpected stimuli, and it may be because brains are not as efficient at rapidly shifting between ideas or thoughts, notes Dr. Jeff Anderson, a professor in Radiology at the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City.

Recently, Dr. Anderson and colleagues decided to try and gain a better understanding as to why individuals with autism may experience some of their symptoms.

To do so, they directed their attention to the complex circuitry of the human brain. We wondered if we could see how local circuits in the brain react in patients with autism, explains the researcher.

The research team reports the

Ever Hear Of The Game Called Mao It’s Very Similar To Uno But It Has Rules You Can’t Know About The Only Rule That You Can Explain To Others Is This One: Every Time You Break A Rule You Get Another Card It’s Up To You To Figure Out The Rules By Trial And Error Again And Again Plus Each Person Introducing Their Group To Mao May Have Their Own Version Of The Rules As Everything Is Made Up By The One Who Knows How To Play The Game That Was The Entirety Of My Childhood

“Everyone had advanced knowledge of a strict set of rules that they were able to follow at all times. They had different sets of rules that they could follow, tailor-made to the relationships between their teachers, parents, friends, strangers, and so on. No one told me any rules.

Through trial and error, I had to learn them as if they should have been on flashcards. I have to be aware of them at all times because if I screw up, someone gets angry. By now, I’ve been able to keep a good grasp of the rules to appear normal, but sometimes, I still feel inhuman. I allow some of my weird immaturity out to a select few who understand.” u/commiecomrade

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In The 2010s And Through Today

A new version of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders was published in 2013. This is the manual doctors use today.

Asperger’s syndrome is no longer a diagnosis in the DSM-5. Instead, the manual provides just one diagnosis for all people with autism symptoms: autism spectrum disorder .

People with ASD have problems with social communication. They may resist changes in routine and be hypersensitive to noise, smell, touch, and other types of sensory experiences. These problems can range from mild to extreme.

People with mild symptoms and those with severe speech delays or sensory issues are all diagnosed with ASD.

The DSM-5 does identify the “level of support” a person with autism might need. These functional levels range from 1 to 3 based on the severity of one’s autism, with 1 describing people who need the least support because their symptoms are mild.

However, few people outside of the medical community refer to someone as having level 1 autism. Often, the terms Asperger’s syndrome or mild autism are still used.

Treatment For Children With Autism

What Does Adult Autism Look Like?

Some children experience mild symptoms while others struggle with more severe symptoms. Because every child is unique with their own personality and interests, its impossible to give a concrete answer to the question What does autism look like?

Although research is still being done and many questions about autism are left unanswered, one fact remains the same: intensive early intervention ABA therapy is one of the best ways for children with autism to learn the skills they need to help instill positive behaviors. At Therapeutic Pathways, our goal is to help every child grow safely in a constructive environment.

Our registered behavior technicians work to develop social, emotional, and communication skills in children with autism. To learn more about our treatment offerings, call 422-3280.

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The Core Symptoms Of Autism Are:

  • social communication challengesand

  • persistand
  • interfere with daily living.

Specialized healthcare providers diagnose autism using a checklist of criteria in the two categories above. They also assess autism symptomseverity. Autisms severity scale reflects how much support a person needs for daily function.

Many people with autism have sensory issues. These typically involve over- or under-sensitivities to sounds, lights, touch, tastes, smells, pain and other stimuli.

Autism is also associated with high rates of certain physical and mental health conditions.

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Life Skills And Autism

For people with autism, learning life skills is essential to increase independence at home, at school and in the community. By introducing these skills early and building block by block, people with autism gain the tools that will allow him or her to increase self esteem and lead to more happiness in all areas of life.

Our life skills strategies and ideas will help our community get started and provide tools to support continued learning through the transition from school to adult life.

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How Can I Help A Friend With Autism

People with ASD have a very wide array of signs and symptoms. Some people with ASD do not feel that they have a disorder and don’t want to change. They’re proud of who they are and they want to be accepted, even though they may have different strengths and weaknesses than most other people.

All people deserve respect. But people with ASD may be teased, bullied, or left out because they’re different. Bullying and teasing are never the right way to treat other people, but it may be hard to be a friend with someone who has ASD.

People with ASD often don’t understand playful jokes or sarcasm. You may need to be very clear and factual when you communicate with someone who has ASD.

Try to be patient and kind. Remember how hard it might be for the person with ASD to understand how to be a friend. Stand up for classmates who are bullied. Tell adults, so they can help protect kids who are bullied.

How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Treated

What Autistic Looks Like: What Autistic Looks Like

There is no cure for autism, but treatment can make a big difference. The sooner treatment starts, the better. With therapy, people with autism learn language, improve in school, and build social skills. Many kids with ASD are in special education classes or get special education services.

A treatment program might include:

  • speech therapy to help with talking and language skills
  • occupational therapy to help with everyday tasks, like dressing and playing
  • behavioral therapy to help improve behavior
  • social skills training to help with relating to others
  • special education to help learning
  • medicine to help with things like sleep, paying attention, and hyperactivity

Also Check: What Is Low Functioning Autism

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder

In order to determine whether your child has autism spectrum disorder or another developmental condition, clinicians look carefully at the way your child interacts with others, communicates, and behaves. Diagnosis is based on the patterns of behavior that are revealed.

If you are concerned that your child has autism spectrum disorder and developmental screening confirms the risk, ask your family doctor or pediatrician to refer you immediately to an autism specialist or team of specialists for a comprehensive evaluation. Since the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is complicated, it is essential that you meet with experts who have training and experience in this highly specialized area.

The team of specialists involved in diagnosing your child may include:

  • Child psychologists
  • Need urgent help? .

    What Does It Mean To ‘look Autistic’

    A writers reflections on the pain of passing for neurotypical

    But you dont look autistic, a new friend told me recently when I revealed my diagnosis. I could tell from his tone that he meant it as a complimenthis tone wasnt accusatory so much as reassuring. It was as if he were trying to tell me that I could still find nourishing friendships anyway, or at least that our budding one wasnt threatened.

    Because this was not the first time Id been told that I dont look autistic, I had a response ready: And what is it that you think autistic people look like? He froze.

    I am autistic: My official diagnosis is Aspergers, or what is now Autism Spectrum Disorder . I actually prefer the phrasing he used: But you dont look autistic uses identity-first language , as opposed to person-first language . So he had correctly identified me, even done it in the way I like to identify myselfand then told me I didnt fit in with those I consider my people.

    I didnt know that what meticulously maintained masquerade was really about not looking autistic. Or that I would be so literally following the therapeutic advice of my childhood therapist: Fake it till you make it.

    What qualifies as making it, though? If I dont look autistic enough, people might think Im a fraud, and I might not qualify for services designed to support me. My need for structure and routine might be seen as controlling, my meltdowns merely the mark of immaturity.

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    What Are The Signs Of Autism In A 3 Year Old

    Autism symptoms in a 3-year-olddoesnt respond to name.avoids eye contact.prefers playing alone to playing with others.doesnt share with others, even with guidance.doesnt understand how to take turns.isnt interested in interacting or socializing with others.doesnt like or avoids physical contact with others.More items

    Signs Of Autism In Young Children

    What does Autism look like?

    Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder are usually clear by two or three years old. The range of behaviors and skills covered here may become apparent between two years old and five years old.

    Some signs that a child has autism spectrum disorder may include:

    • Not expressing emotion or only a limited range of emotions
    • Difficulty interpreting different emotions in others
    • Not seeming attached to parents
    • Lacking interest in playing social games or the company of other children
    • Interest in playing with one particular toy or object
    • Echolalia, repeating other peopleââ¬â¢s words or phrases
    • Repeating own words over and over
    • Using formal language and expressions, rather than the slang of their peers
    • Not developing language skills at all
    • Difficulty toilet training
    • Challenging behaviour, such as banging head on wall or picking at skin
    • Engages in behavior such as flapping hands, rocking or twirling

    Children with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty interpreting what other people are thinking and feeling, and often miss social cues. A child with autism may not be able to tell the difference between an adult who says ââ¬Åcome hereââ¬ï¿½ while happy and smiling, and an adult who says ââ¬Åcome hereââ¬ï¿½ while angry and frowning. This can be confusing and creates the impression the child is not connecting with people.

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    Signs Of Asperger Syndrome

    People with Asperger syndrome are generally considered to be on the higher functioning end of the autism spectrum. It is still a form of autism and is a lifelong condition.

    Signs and symptoms that are typical of people with Asperger syndrome include:

    • Very narrow and highly focused interests
    • Great importance on rules and routines
    • High standard of language skills, potentially very formal in expression
    • Monotonous or repetitive speech
    • Making the same noise repeatedly
    • Scratching

    These behaviors provide the person with a form of sensory input that the person finds appealing or helpful. There are various reasons why someone could be engaging in self-stimulatory behavior:

    • They find it enjoyable
    • It provides something to focus on, thereby reducing the effects of other, nearby stimuli
    • It is soothing and helps with anxiety

    What Are Some Of The Benefits Of Getting A Diagnosis

    • Getting a professional diagnosis may help you to receive any appropriate funding, support and help you might need.
    • Your family, friends and work colleagues may have a better understanding of you and your needs and it may allow them to support you more effectively.
    • You may have a greater sense of self-identify if you understand yourself and the spectrum better.
    • You may have a better understanding of your experiences as a child or adolescent.
    • You may have increased confidence knowing you are part of a larger group of adults that may be like-minded.

    Some adults find that by having a better understanding of the challenges associated with autism, they can use their strengths and develop strategies to support these.

    Fast fact: Did you know that people on the spectrum commonly show character strengths such as loyalty, kindness, honesty and a lack of judgement?

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    Signs Of Autism In Girls

    The ratio of boys to girls diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is 4:1. However, there is some evidence that autism is going undiagnosed in girls, particularly those who are at the higher functioning end of the spectrum.

    There is discussion around whether girls and women with autism may display different symptoms to boys and men, and that the current diagnostic criteria may be biased towards boys and stereotypical male behavior. Girls and women may also be better able to mask difficulties with social interactions than boys, and this may delay a diagnosis. New diagnostic criteria may be needed to assess ASD in girls and women. Past theories, including controversies such as the extreme male brain, may have led to under-referral and under-diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in girls and women.

    Signs that a girl may have autism include:

    • Difficulties with social interactions however, differences from typical autism symptoms may include:
    • Better grasp of emotions and ability to make friends than boys
    • May mask lack of intuitive understanding of social situations by repeating role-plays seen in real life or film/television
    • May be able to make friends but find difficulty keeping them
  • Intense focus on particular topics differences in gender may be expressed as a focus on trains or dinosaurs for boys, and celebrities or animals for girls,
  • Fewer repetitive behaviors and gestures than boys, or may have different gestures than boys
  • They Live In The Moment

    What Autistic Looks Like

    How often do typical people fail to notice whatâs in front of their eyes because theyâre distracted by social cues or random chitchat? People on the autism spectrum truly attend to the sensory input that surrounds them.

    Some see the beauty that others miss, though they pass by it every day. Many have achieved the ideal of mindfulness, even if they donât have the tools to communicate their state of mind to others.

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