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Systemic Underrepresentation In Autism Rates

France’s autism treatment ‘shameful’ | Al Jazeera English

Access to health care reduces the rate of systemic misdiagnoses in minority ethnic populations. Historically, Hispanic and African American children have had lower rates of autism diagnoses because their communities have had more limited access to health care. There has also been more limited access to education about autism, which has further contributed to disproportionately lower rates.

As a result of these problems, autism diagnoses were traditionally higher in white children in America, leading to wide underrepresentation of autism in minority groups. Increased education and health care access for minority communities have improved the detection of the disorder.

This has contributed to the prevalence of autism diagnoses across different American demographics and socioeconomic statuses. To that point, the PLOS One journal noted in 2015 that the prevalence of autism is more likely to be higher in areas with the highest level of deprivation.

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What Are The Risk Factors For Autism

Going back to the CDC, they find that:

  • If one twin has autism the other is up to 95% more likely to also have autism
  • Parents of one autistic child are up to 18% more likely to have other autistic children
  • Autism is more likely to occur under certain genetic or chromosomal conditions. Thus children with autism are 10% more likely to have down syndrome and other chromosomal disorders
  • Children born to older parents are more likely to have autism
  • Children of low birth weight or who are born prematurely have a slightly increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder

Autistic individuals have great potential, but we have to give them a chance. We need to create environments where they can thrive, where they can learn better ways to teach themselves. We need to help communities understand.

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Seeking Answers About Lowering Risk

Some health experts have attributed increases in prevalence among minorities to better screening and diagnosis, but the authors believe environmental factors also play a role.

Just which factors may be at play is unclear, but Parker notes that many of the same things that fuel disease-causing inflammationtoxins, unhealthy food and emotional stressare also associated with autism. And lower income and minority families tend to have a harder time accessing or affording healthier lifestyle options.

Established risk factors associated with autism include: advanced parental age, challenges to the immune system during pregnancy, genetic mutations, premature birth and being a twin or multiple.

The authors cannot say if their findings would translate to other counties around the country or to milder forms of autism. They also cannot rule out the possibility that wealthy families are opting out of state services in favor of private services. More research is underway.

With autism affecting one in 59 children nationwide in 2018a rate expected to be revised by the Centers for Disease Control later this springthey hope the paper will encourage parents and policymakers to look beyond genetics and better outreach and diagnosis.

There is an urgent need to understand what wealthy California parents are doing or have access to that may be lowering their childrens risk, they conclude.

Global Perceptions Of Autism

How Has Autism Prevalence Changed Over Time?
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Diagnosis, treatment, and experiences of autism varies globally. Although the diagnosis of autism is rising in post-industrial nations, diagnosis rates are much lower in developing nations.

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What Is The Best Therapy For Autism

Brian Udell, MD, is the director of the Child Development Center of America.

He claims that autism is often accompanied by gastrointestinal conditions.

People on the autism spectrum disorder often have:

  • chronic diarrhea
  • food allergies

There is currently no cure for autism or specifically recommended treatment.

However, removing specific food items from the diet and ensuring healthy gut bacteria have been shown to improve the symptoms of autism.

A recent study published by the National Institutes of Health found that a gluten-free diet was effective in reducing some autism symptoms, and 2 groups of investigators also reported improvement in nonverbal cognition.

Other parents have tried removing highly allergic food items such as eggs, fish, nuts, dairy, and soy. The best strategy is to eliminate all items in question from the diet.

Then slowly reintroduce them 1 at a time to see the effects.

Healthy eating for all children is essential, but this is even more true for kids with autism.

Going back to Brian Udell, MD, he recommends avoiding:

  • heavily processed foods
  • preservatives
  • hormones & antibiotics in meat and dairy

He also recommends omega-3 fatty acids to reduce inflammation and a probiotic with 1.5 to 4 billion bacterial parts to improve gastrointestinal health.

What Are The Medical Costs Associated With Autism

Unfortunately for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder, medical costs are estimated to be as much as 6 times higher than for families with no autistic children.

According to the National Institutes of Health, parents with 1 or more autistic children spent, on average between $4,000-$6,000 more per year on medical costs.

According to Autism Speaks, looking at autism statistics worldwide, the cost of caring for a child with autism is $60,000/year. Obviously, some of that would be covered under insurance and they are also factoring in lost income if one parent chooses to stay home.

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New Study Suggests There Is No Autism Epidemic

Over the past 20 years, the rates of autism spectrum disorder have been steadily climbing in developing countries, with a reported 30 percent increase in the US in just two years. But scientists have struggled to work out what’s behind this epidemic, and now a new study suggests that we may have been looking in the wrong places. In fact, the epidemic might not exist at all.

A study of more than one million children in Sweden has shown that, over the 10-year period from 1993 to 2002, the number of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses increased significantly , but the number of patients who actually displayed symptoms remained stable.

This suggests that, rather than being in the middle of an ‘autism epidemic’, there might be a range of factors that are simply causing us to diagnose the disorder more often – something that’s previously been suggested, but has been hard to test.

To investigate further, researchers from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden looked at two datasets – one that involved a comprehensive study of nearly 20,000 twins, and one that involved more than one million children, all born in Sweden between 1993 and 2002.

If scientists hadn’t already put to bed the myth that vaccines and autism are linked, this new research could help put the nail in the coffin.

Changes In Autism Statistics Over Time

Why is autism on the rise? | Inside Story

Over the last two decades, the number of autism diagnoses has more than doubled. In 2000, about 1 in 150 children was diagnosed with ASD. In 2016, the prevalence of autism was 1 in 54 children. The most recent data released in 2021 from research completed in 2018 showed a prevalence of autism in 1 in 44 children.

Additional studies on developmental disabilities in children in the U.S. have recognized a similar trend. From 2009 to 2017, the percentage of children with autism increased from 1.1% to 2.5%.

According to the Autism Society, the prevalence of ASD has increased between 6% and 15% each year from 2002 to 2010 and will likely continue to rise at this rate. Currently, over 3.5 million people in the U.S. have an autism diagnosis. Roughly 1% of the global population has ASD.

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Autism Age Of Diagnosis Statistics

Going back to Autism Speaks:

  • Autism can be diagnosed between 18-24 months
  • The average age of diagnosis in the US is 4 years
  • While autism affects all ethnic groups, it is diagnosed later and less frequently in minority groups. Thus most reports show higher autism rates worldwide among whites compared to other ethnic groups

Unfortunately, not all countries track autism the way many of the more developed countries do.

There is also disparity among countries in the criteria used to diagnose autism. Thus in some cases measuring autism rates worldwide isnt always an apples-to-apples comparison.

So lets review the . . .

Increasing & Disparate Autism Rates

Since this method has been in use since 2000, it has changed the rate at which pediatricians and specialists diagnose autism, and rates have continued to rise.

When records first started being examined two decades ago, the rate was 1 in 150. Researchers discovered that the upward trend is found not just in the United States but all over the world.

Even though this is now the accepted method of measuring the increase in autism diagnoses, scientists point out that the best way remains in-person evaluations and observations. Additionally, children who are homeschooled or who live in isolated areas with unreliable record-keeping may go unreported and undiagnosed.

An example of this is that autism rates are very different from state to state. Colorado has an autism diagnosis rate of 1 in 93 children, but New Jerseys is 1 in 41 . Epidemiologists say it is unlikely that that degree of variation is due to natural causes. Instead, it is more likely that there are different levels of autism awareness and of available services in those states.

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Asd Is More Commonly Found In Children Than Cancer Is

Most people are aware of the dangers of childhood cancer. According to top reports, cancer can develop in 1 in 285 children before they hit age 20. However, autism spectrum disorders statistics show that autism can develop in as few as 1 in 27 children, making it a highly common developmental disorder. Autism is more often found in kids than cancer, AIDs, and diabetes combined.

How Autism Is Perceived In Different Cultures

Six Reasons to Say NO to Vaccination

A traveler shares her perspectives on how autism is understood by people across the globe.

Due to the nature of my work, I have been fortunate to visit over 70 countries. I have also lived in four different countries on three continents.

You can read about a destination, however, an actual visit is the only way to get a true gauge of a place. Even then, a visit is only a small glimpse into the lives of those who actually live there.

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Case Identification And Evaluation

Different studies rely on varying procedures to identify probable cases and to confirm diagnosed cases. Studies using administrative databases report cases as they were identified in health or educational systems. These studies are limited by variability in clinical practice and high potential for inconsistency. For these reasons, the CDC established a more refined strategy for their surveillance systems. First, records are screened, and a social trigger allows the creation of a research record for a given child using multiple linked data sources . In the second step , the research record is reviewed by a panel of clinicians to ascertain defined cases. In case of disagreement, other clinicians may arbitrate.

Population-based studies usually evaluate smaller samples and therefore use a multistage approach to screen the target population and then confirm the accuracy of their final caseness. When the screening phase is completed, cases identified as positive and, unless the screening tool is 100% sensitive, a sample screening negative go through the next step involving a more in-depth diagnostic evaluation to confirm their case status, either on the full sample or on a randomly selected subsample. Unless the validity of the screening tool is established in a given population, samples of children screening negative should be evaluated to estimate the sensitivity of the screening procedure and adjust prevalence estimates accordingly .

The Crucial Role Vitamin D Deficiency Might Play With Autism

Yet another recent study published by the National Institutes of Health found a link between autism and deficiency in Vitamin D.

They found that Neonatal vitamin D status was significantly associated with the risk of ASD and intellectual disability.

Therefore it stands to reason that both a prenatal vitamin for pregnant women as well as a vitamin D supplement for children might be a good idea. Always check with your doctor first though.

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So now lets review the . . .

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The Cost Of Lifelong Care For Those Who Have Autism Can Be Reduced By 66% With An Early Diagnosis

Autism is a tough medical disorder to deal with. For this reason, getting an early diagnosis is a great way to reduce medical expenditures and health costs. In fact, most autism facts and statistics confirm the overall benefits of an early diagnosis. And with an early diagnosis, the cost of lifelong care for people dealing with autism can be seriously reduced.

How Many Children In The World Have Autism

The Benefits of Autism | Zachary Betz | TEDxSouthFayetteHS

Going back to the CDC, 1.7% of the worlds population is on the autism spectrum.

With about 7.5 billion people on the planet, that would have between 75 million and 150 million people being on the autism spectrum.

Since about 26% of the worlds population is age 15 and under, that would mean between 20 and 40 million kids with autism in the world.

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Researchers Track Down Autism Rates Across The Globe

Virginia HughesSpectrum

THIS ARTICLE IS MORE THAN FIVE YEARS OLD

This article is more than five years old. Autism research – and science in general – is constantly evolving, so older articles may contain information or theories that have been reevaluated since their original publication date.

In urban areas of South Korea, some families of children with developmental delays will go to great lengths to avoid a diagnosis of chapae, or autism. They think of it as a genetic mark of shame on the entire family, and a major obstacle to all of their childrens chances of finding suitable spouses.

The stigma is so intense that many Korean clinicians intentionally misdiagnose these children with aechak changae, or reactive detachment disorder social withdrawal that is caused by extreme parental abuse or neglect.

The parents prefer this because the mother can take the bullet and protect everybody else, says Roy Richard Grinker, professor of anthropology at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., who has screened some 38,000 children in South Korea for the countrys first study of autism prevalence.

Zaroff and Grinker are part of a small but growing group of researchers charting autism in new territories. Rigorous autism screening studies are underway not only in South Korea, but in Mexico, India and South Africa. In the past year, prevalence estimates from Brazil1, Oman2 and Western Australia3 have been published in mainstream journals for the first time.

What Countries Have The Highest Rate Of Autism

There is not a cure for autism.

That being said, there are a lot of opinions on the causes of autism and ways of prevention.

Autism.com states that one of the best things can do is give herself six months or even a year to improve her diet and make better lifestyle choices .

She should consume organically grown grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and lean sources of protein.

Laying the foundation by putting herself in optimal shape prior to conceiving will go a long way in minimizing the chance of miscarriage, or developing other complications of pregnancy and delivery.

They go on to say that reducing or eliminating the white foods , chemical preservatives and processed foods may help prevent autism.

Lastly, they also recommend improving the gut bacteria which I get into more below.

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Asd Is Four Times More Likely To Occur In Boys Than Girls

That said, the validity of this stat should be put under scrutiny. According to autism misdiagnosis statistics, many autistic girls go undiagnosed. One of the reasons for that is that girls are often thought to be quieter by nature. Finally, symptoms of mental health issues might overlap with those of autism, leading up to a misdiagnosis.

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