Use Of Objects Photos Icons Or Words
Research has indicated that using a visual cue during a transition can decrease challenging behavior and increase following transition demands . In one study, photo cues were used with a young boy with autism during transitions from one classroom activity to another, from the playground to inside the classroom, and from one room within the school to another . At transition times, the staff presented the student with a photo of the location where he would be going. This allowed him to see where he was expected to go and provided additional predictability in his day. Other formats of information, such as objects, black-line drawings, or written words could be used to provide similar information to individuals. It is helpful for the individual to carry the information with him/her to the assigned location. This allows the individual to continually reference the information about where he/she is headed as the transition occurs. Once arriving at the destination, consider creating a designated spot for the individual to place the information, such as an envelope or small box. This indicates to the individual that he/she has arrived at the correct place.
The Calming Tag Points
A tag point is the behavior that will result in a tag and reinforcement.
The calming tag points are five tag points that I come back to time and again because they are so useful. The calming tag points are:
- Quiet Mouth The child is silent
- Appropriate Vocalization or Communication The child communicates in his/her own way
- Hands Down Hands placed at side or in front of body
- Feet On Floor Both feet touch the floor or ground
- Exhales Child breathes out you can see shoulders/chest go down upon exhalation.
All of these are simple behaviors that a child performs often, so there are lots of opportunities to tag and reinforce. Reinforcing these tag points brings about increased calm and communicative behaviors in children with autism. Plus, the more reinforcement and success our children experience, the happier they are.
Tagteach Uses Positive Reinforcement
TAGteach is based on the science of Applied Behavior Analysis and uses positive reinforcement to build desired behaviors. In addition to the positive reinforcement, TAGteach adds an event marker i.e., an acoustical signal to indicate to the child when he/she has performed a desired behavior. The acoustical signal is generally a click sound, called a tag made by any type of clicker device, or better yet, a TAGteach tagger. After the tag, you give a reinforcer to the child. Heres how I used this.
You May Like: The Good Doctor Portrayal Of Autism
What Nonverbal Behavior Management Strategies For Children With Autism Can Help
Many children with autism turn to aggression to get their point across. This is especially true for children who are nonverbal, meaning they will never learn to speak more than a few words.
You might be tempted to validate your childs aggressive behavior when you consider how frustrating it must be to not understand whats happening around you or being unable to communicate your thoughts.
However, your child must understand which behaviors are safe and acceptable and which are not. Your child needs to understand that aggression is not an acceptable form of self-expression and that there are other ways to communicate their feelings without putting themselves or others in danger.
Keep reading to learn some nonverbal behavior management strategies for your child, and call Therapeutic Pathways at 422-3280 to apply for a therapy program that will help them develop life skills and gain independence.
How To Redirect An Autistic Child To School
Now the tops of the socks become wristbands. Place them on the wrists of the child. 2. Double shirt. When the weather is a little cooler you can double the shirts. Tell the child the top shirt is for school and needs to stay nice and neat. The shirt under is the one he can pick at if he needs to.
Recommended Reading: Extra Credits Social Blade
Distract And Redirect Problematic Behavior Instead Of Saying Stop Or No
For example, if the child is running in the store, remind him or show him how to walk nicely. If necessary, find something interesting to show him and call his attention to it, rather than focusing on the problematic behavior. If he is running in the hall at school, redirect him back to the line, with a short directive such as, Come back to your spot in line or remind him to walk in the hallway. For children with trouble understanding language, try demonstrating what is expected or use a gesture, rather than just giving the verbal direction.
Should You Stop All Stimming
People with autism explain stimming much differently than their parents and peers might. To some activists, stimming is a core part of who they are and how they cope throughout the day. To remove that, they say, is to force them to suppress who they really are.
Experts say some people use stimming to:
- Calm anxiety.
- Handle overwhelming emotions.
Others stim because it simply feels good. Keeping their impulses hidden all day long is exhausting, and they look forward to private moments when they can make noises, move their bodies, and be themselves without judgment.
Autistic adults tell researchers that stims can become accepted behavior if the outside world just understood what the movement meant to them. If your child is engaging in seemingly harmless behavior, yet youve heard complaints from teachers or peers, open up a conversation about why your child moves this way and what it means. Perhaps your talk could foster a deeper understanding in your community while allowing your child to feel accepted and loved.
If your child is stimming in a harmful way, take action. The lessons you teach now can ensure that your child has the best chance of a healthy, happy adulthood.
Don’t Miss: Can A Child With Autism Have Dyslexia
How To Redirect An Autistic Child
you will get better at redirecting early and towards activities that will distract your child from inappropriate behavior, youletting your child wear headphones to listen to calming music turning down or removing bright lights planning ahead for any change in routine, and you have sent the message to sit down, Next, Plan lessons using high interest materials and incorporate choices, the teacher redirects the behavior to a more appropriate, andLook at anger/emotions management and create opportunities for relaxation, As discussed above, Be specific, Many families who have previously managed the trials presented by autism might experience crisis situations when their childRedirecting AutismMichelle Turner of Movement Lesson talks about ways that she found helps redirect a child from autism, eye contact 2, make sure your
Physiological Reasons For Headbanging In Autistic Children
There are also some physiological aspects of autism and self-harm. Stephen M. Edelson, PhD, has some theories regarding autism and headbanging. He suggested physiological reasons autistic children headbang including biochemical and genetic factors. He says that research has found that neurotransmitter levels may have a link to headbanging and other self-injurious behaviors.
Edelson writes, Beta-endorphins are endogenous opiate-like substances in the brain, and self-injury may increase the production and/or the release of endorphins. As a result, the individual experiences an anesthesia-like effect and, ostensibly, he/she does not feel any pain while engaging in the behavior . Furthermore, the release of endorphins may provide the individual with a euphoric-like feeling.
While Edelson admits that researchers and medical professionals have not reached a clear consensus on whether dietary or even pharmaceutical interventions can address autism and headbanging, he recommends exploring these options with your childs pediatrician.
Three: Implement Strategies For Managing Biting Based On Cause
Gathering ABC information for a few weeks may actually give parents and caregivers the answers they are seeking as to why their child is biting without the need for professional intervention . Causes for biting can be as unique as the child, but some of the most common are:
Even while collecting data, it is important to attempt to curb the behavior, so during the observation process, use these immediate interventions to keep everyone safe and to let your child know biting is never acceptable.
If The Child Seems Over Stimulated From Sensory Input Such As In A Large Crowd Bring Him To A Quieter Place To De
Be mindful of situations where your child might feel overwhelmed before you take him there .
There are also strategies to create an environment that helps a child with autism feel less overwhelmed by sensory input. See How to Set Up the Classroom for Children with Autism and ADHD which includes strategies that can be used at home as well.
You May Like: What Is The Meaning Of Autism In Hindi
Recommended Reading: What Is The Difference Between Sensory Processing Disorder And Autism
Calming Activities For Autism
Managing autistic meltdowns isnt always easy, especially since each childs triggers are so different and the calming strategies that work for one child may not work for another, but incorporating different calming activities for autism into your routine is a great way to teach your child effective coping strategies.
Mindful breathing. When a meltdown is starting to brew, your childs breathing pattern will change. Often, he or she will begin taking short, fast, shallow breaths, which can make them feel even more overwhelmed than they are already feeling. Mindful breathing is a great tool you can use to teach your child to use when their emotions threaten to take over their bodies. There are many different techniques you can try, and I suggest starting with the Bubbling Blowing Technique. When your child is calm, give him or her a small container of bubbles so he or she can practice blowing bubbles with a wand. You child will quickly learn that if he or she blows too hard or too fast, the bubble will burst before it has time to take shape. But by blowing slowly and with purpose, he or she can blow a perfect bubble. Have your child practice the technique with real bubbles before removing the bubbles and letting him or her use only his or her imagination. Once this skill is learned, you can ask your child to blow pretend bubbles when you sense your child feeling overwhelmed.
This post contains affiliate links.
What Can Be Done About Echolalia
Echolalia can be a hindrance in daily life. However, eliminating it completely would be a bad idea. Echolalia can serve a valuable function in the lives of children with autism.
Functional echolalia could be really helpful. This means that your child has developed a way to communicate their wants and needs.
With the help of a speech therapist, this way of communication can be expanded.
In the case of non-functional echolalia, it may be a great point to start for speech and play therapy. The child may repeat phrases they memorized over and over. This may be a way to calm their anxiety.
Also, this behavior could indicate the childs interest in whatever that they are repeating.
Either way, play and speech therapy conducted with a professional therapist could help your child to use their language skills more appropriately in time.
This echolalic speech of your child will become more typical and functional with directed practice.
Moreover, using phrases and words to self-calm is always a better alternative to problem behaviors.
This means that it would not be a great idea to eliminate echolalia altogether as it serves a purpose.
Recommended Reading: Does Autism Affect Lifespan
One: Determine The Cause Of Biting
While biting behavior is quite often a result of an environmental or internal physiological stressor, there are many medical conditions that can elicit these and other undesirable behaviors that a general practitioner may not be attuned to. It is essential to first rule out any underlying medical or biochemical conditions to be sure a child is not responding adversely to pain or other physical distress. A medical professional who is familiar with ASD children is usually the best source of information and support.
Autism And Hitting: How To Stop A Child With Autism From Hitting
Sometimes being a parent to a child with autism is hard. Not being able to understand why they are upset or frustrating is heartbreaking when you just want to be able to help your child. Unfortunately sometimes being upset, frustrated or angry can lead to aggression and lashing out. It is not uncommon for an autistic child to hit their parents, siblings, teachers or anyone close to them.
In this blog, SpecialKidsCompany will look at autism and aggression, potential triggers and strategies for hitting behaviour.
Autism aggression triggers and strategies for hitting behaviour
There are lots of things than can trigger aggression in a child with autism. Finding the root cause of your child’s aggression is important to enable you to find the right strategy to help them overcome it.
Trigger: Sensory Overload/Deficit and their environment
It is worthwhile exploring whether your child’s behaviour changes depending on the environment that they are in. Do they behave differently at home or at school? This could be due to sensory issues.
Children with autism often have sensory differences, which can mean that they are either over-sensitive or under-sensitive with certain senses. This could be touch, taste, smell, noise, light sensitivity, temperature sensitivity or even colour sensitivity. Sensory issues can have a huge impact of an autistic child’s life and how they feel and react.
Strategies to deal with aggressive behaviour caused by sensory issues
Trigger: Changes to routine
Read Also: What Kind Of Autism Does Symmetra Have
Reasons To Reduce Stimming
Self-stimulation can interfere with learning, interpersonal relationships and social situations. Some types of self-stimulation are self-harming and may lead to infections or require surgical repair.
Self-stimulation may also be a symptom of an ongoing medical problem such as migraines which a person with a disability may be unable to verbalize.
Tips For Managing Aggressive Behaviors In A Child With Asd
Sometimes children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have difficulty communicating their wants and needs and resort to aggressive behavior to get their point across. In order to avoid aggressive behavior in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, we should do our best to use proactive strategies that can prevent the behavior from occurring in the first place. Some proactive strategies include:
a. Giving the child choices
b. Following a schedule
c. Using a reward system for good behavior
d. Environmental modifications: if the tablet is off limits, keep it out of sight. If your child doesnt like bath time, use toys and bubbles to make baths more fun.
e. Functional communication: prompt the child to use their words, signs, or pictures to communicate what they want.
A functional behavior assessment conducted by a qualified provider is the only way to determine the function your child engages in aggression and recommended an individualized treatment plan. Below are some general strategies that may be applied if proactive strategies do not work and the child engages in aggression:
Prompting: Once the aggression has ceased and behavior appears to be de-escalating, prompt the child to use their language to communicate their wants and needs. Sometimes, children dont have the words that theyre looking for in their vocabulary, so they become frustrated and engage in aggressive behaviors.
Colleen Mara, ACD, Philadelphia
Read Also: How Autism Affects Cognitive Development
How Do I Discipline A Child With Autism And Adhd
Children with autism respond to clear, short directives in the moment. Help set them up for success by praising desired behaviors, establishing regular routines, and avoiding tantrum-triggering environments. These techniques, which avoid harsh discipline, work well with children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder , tooand all kids, generally.
Why Do Autistic Children Hit Themselves
For children with autism, headbanging is a way to self-soothe and communicate needs as a result of some form of anxiety. Babies and toddlers soothe themselves and want to feel the same as they did in their mothers womb. This is known as vestibular stimulation. Other habits that feed a childs vestibular stimulation include head rolling, body rocking, biting, and thumb sucking.
The desire to self soothe in this way can be for any of the following reasons
- Physical Pain
- Sensory processing issues
- Attempting to communicate
According to Dr. Harvey Karp, MD, rhythmic habits trigger the calming reflex in infants and toddlers. Many babies with autism headbang around six months of age, but their neurotypical peers stop doing so by three years of age.
Noha F. Minshawi, Ph.D., assistant professor of clinical psychology in at Riley Hospital for Children, says children with autism spectrum disorders show self-injurious behaviors at high rates.
Recommended Reading: Does Gestational Diabetes Cause Autism
Tips For Disciplining An Autistic Child
1. Remain neutral. It is especially important to remain calm and neutral when disciplining an autistic child who struggles with verbal communication and/or cannot read nonverbal cues. For example, a child who doesnt recognize an angry voice from a happy one may take great delight in the change in your tone and repeat the behavior over and over simply to witness this new reaction from you. Its also important to keep in mind that loud noises can be extremely painful to a child with autism, and while it may seem like raising your voice in anger or frustration drives the point home, your child may be so caught up in trying to cope with the sound of your voice that shes unable to properly connect it with the behavior she was engaging in before it occurred.
2. Redirect and ignore. Once you know WHY your child is behaving in a certain way, find ways to redirect her to something more positive. For example, if she is pulling your hair to get your attention, teach her to tap you gently on the leg instead. This will take time and patience, but once she understands the concept, ignore the negative behavior and reward the positive behavior .
FIRST: homework for 30 minutesTHEN: play video games for 10 minutes
for an alternative good behavior chart I created that has proven to be a great parenting tool in our house!
reward your child soon after the desired behavior is completed to establish a connection between the 2 and keep her motivated.
A wise person once said: