What To Treat First
If you’re diagnosed with ADHD and depression, treat the condition that causes the greater problems first, not both at the same time. Most antidepressants work well alongside ADHD stimulant meds.
If depression is secondary to ADHD, try minor lifestyle adjustments, like exercising more to normalize mood, meditating, or;making sure to guard against idleness, since;dark moods can come on;when there is nothing to do.
When A Pupil Starts Misbehaving In The Classroom We Often Focus On The Things They Do That Are Challenging Or Against The Rules
And this is natural, because we want those behaviours to go away. For the good of the student, the rest of the class, and our own stress levels. So we focus on the shouting out, or bad language, or lack of attention.
However, it can be more productive to look at whats causing those behaviours. Identifying the barriers to learning that result in challenging behaviour.
As teachers, our role is not to diagnose students with special needs thats the job of medical professionals. Our role is to ask if potentially theres a special need driving the inappropriate behaviour were seeing in the classroom.
Then we can get support from the right professionals early on.
In this article, Im going to look at two common conditions, ADHD and autism and what they might look like in the classroom.
Is It Adhd Or Autism
It can be challenging to determine whether your child is showing characteristics of either ADHD or autism, especially because the symptoms of both conditions sometimes overlap.
Recently, a study of children with autism or ADHD found that both groups had high levels of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. These similarities may be one of the reasons it is often difficult to distinguish between the two conditions.
For some families, adding to their concern is that additional stress from dealing with the pandemic can increase a childs hyperactivity and impulsive behaviors. Parents may notice behaviors they didnt see before. This is not unusual, says Adiaha Spinks-Franklin, MD, and not necessarily a cause for worry.
All that bounces is not ADHD; all that flaps is not autism, Dr. Spinks-Franklin, a developmental behavioral pediatrician at Texas Childrens Hospital, reassures parents.
If you are wondering whether your child has ADHD or ASD, she recommends that you look at the behaviors your child exhibited before the pandemic. Talk with your childs doctor if you have concerns.
Autism and ADHD compared
If your childs inattention and distractibility does raise to a level of concern, an evaluation may be necessary to better understand what they are experiencing.
This may mean that if your child has communication difficulties and restrictive, repetitive behaviors, its more likely the child has ASD rather than ADHD.
Receiving a proper diagnosis
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Beyond Meds: Treating Add And Asd
Before or after a child gets a definitive diagnosis, behavioral therapies can help. If a child has ongoing social challenges, for example, many of the interventions are similar such as behavioral therapy to help develop skills, Bertin says.
After Clarks ADHD diagnosis, he received counseling and assistance with organizational skills. Later, when he was identified as autistic, the focus of treatment changed. Treatment now involves helping Clark intellectually grasp the gaps between him and the rest of society why hygiene matters, what kind of things he does that other people might find odd or insensitive, his mother says.
Several other interventions, including speech therapy, occupational therapy, educational interventions, and parent training, can be explored.
Adhd & Autism Spectrum Disorder
There is a great overlap between ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder , yet, they are still two distinct conditions. We asked Dr. Sheila Woods, MD, FAAP – a pediatrician specializing in ADHD for over 35 years – to share her views on differences, similarities and treatment.
Disclaimer: the information contained on this website does not constitute medical advice. If you have concerns about your own health or the health of someone else, you should speak to your doctor.
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Brain Scans Wont Distinguish Them
Huffington Post cites an expert that says brains of kids with ADHD and autism are much more similar than they are different, meaning a brain scan isnt going to magically reveal the exact developmental condition a patient is dealing with.
However, there has been some progress made as far as brain scans go, it says. The expert says one of the trademarks of ASD in brain imaging studies is that the brain is not efficiently connected, adding the connectivity of the brain in ASD and ADHD is quite similar.
When To Seek An Autism Diagnosis
For parents and guardians, if you suspect that your child might have either of these conditions, you should seek a diagnosis. Particularly with autism, the key to overcoming certain barriers is early intervention. If you have received a diagnosis of autism for you or your child, now is the time to seek out the help of specific services to overcome some of the social and behavioral hurdles. Contact Lexington Services now and we will help you find the services you need and answer any questions you may have. Call 480-900-1009 now.
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Limitations Of The Review
We have focused exclusively on EEG-imaging, but other imaging modalities such as fMRI or MEG, which are typically thought as having better spatial resolution, can also contribute to research into the neural basis of the ADHD-ASD overlap and distinction . The use of EEG-imaging and its recent mobile developments in large samples can serve as a foundation for more targeted analyses with other high-cost and less accessible methods .
Our review consists of a qualitative rather than a quantitative synthesis of the available evidence. While we have identified a relatively high number of studies in young adult samples , these were spread across neurocognitive domains and have employed heterogeneous cognitive paradigms precluding pooling of the data across studies at this stage, for instance, via meta-analyses. Here, we highlight the candidate neurocognitive processes and markers leveraging EEG-imaging, alongside established and novel cognitive paradigms, which could provide the foundation for the next phase of research in ADHD-ASD overlap. We also seek to galvanise joint collaborative efforts, such as data-sharing, so that a more formal quantitative reviews could be conducted in the near future. As the literature in this age group accumulates, further reviews could focus on specific age ranges and specific neurocognitive processes/tasks within this developmental period.
How Does Treatment For Adhd And Autism Differ
Treatments for both ADHD and autism can vary depending on the severity of the condition and how much the symptoms affect everyday life.
Behaviour therapy and medication can help with both these conditions. With autism, however, extra therapy may be recommended such as counselling, education support, speech therapy and occupational therapy.
With both, an early diagnosis can help children and their families to manage the condition. If you are at all concerned that your child has either ADHD or autism, its a good idea to speak to your doctor or paediatrician as soon as possible.
What Treatment Options Exist For Both
While medication can make a big difference in managing ADHD symptoms, there are no medications that are targeted toward addressing autism as a whole although there are medications that may help address specific symptoms common with autism, such as anxiety.
For some individuals on the autism spectrum common ADHD medications like stimulants may cause an adverse effect. Theres no clear cut way to treat patients with dual ADHD and autism diagnoses, which is why its important to have a doctor who can understand the nuances of both and work with individuals and families to find the best protocol.
Beyond medication, accommodations in school and work environments can also have a huge, positive impact. Both conditions may make students eligible for individual education plans , which can include mandated accommodations like a seat thats closer to the teacher and farther away from auditory and visual distractions; visual prompts to help the student stay on task; movement breaks; and breaking assignments into smaller chunks.
Occupational therapy can provide a sensory diet that can help children with ADHD and autism self-regulate. Some individuals with autism may also benefit from speech therapy, whether its to help them verbalize or to help with pragmatic communication.
Autism And Adhd Share Genes
- Aarhus University
- Researchers have found that autism and ADHD share changes in the same genes. The new knowledge relates directly to the biological causes of the two child psychiatric disorders.
Researchers from the national psychiatric project iPSYCH have found that autism and ADHD share changes in the same genes. The new knowledge relates directly to the biological causes of the two child psychiatric disorders.
In Denmark, approximately one per cent of schoolchildren have autism and two to three per cent are diagnosed with ADHD. Autism and ADHD are different developmental disorders, but they can have certain common symptoms. For example, children with autism can demonstrate violent or aggressive behaviour, be impulsive, and have problems in school and with social relations and these same symptoms can be shared by children with ADHD.
Researchers from iPSYCH, Denmarks largest research project in the field of psychiatry, have now discovered that the similarities between the two diagnoses can be linked to changes in the same genes. The new study is the largest study to date of rare mutations in the genome of people with ADHD and autism.
First time a gene is linked to ADHD and autism
The results have just been published in the international journal Nature Neuroscience.
The findings point directly towards which biological causal mechanisms are shared by ADHD and autism.
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Contact Comprehensive Medpsych Systems
We offer a comprehensive;ADHD evaluation and treatment clinic that may encompass a blend of counseling, psychotherapy, and behavioral management, as well as family education and medication management. We understand that ADHD often affects the entire family, and it can happen in conjunction with anxiety, learning disabilities, and poor self-esteem.;Contact us;today to book your appointment and learn more.
Comprehensive MedPsych Systems Near You
What Are The Differences Between Adhd And Asd
The key differences between the two conditions are that ADHD involves hyperactivity, inattention and impulsive symptoms in various combinations. With ASD, the deficits are primarily in social communication, social interaction, restricted communication and repetitive patterns of behavior.
However, there are some symptoms which overlap with both conditions which are not listed in the DSM5*. For example, executive function skills can be impaired skills associated with working memory and the ability to plan and organize.
*Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition
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Asd Symptoms In Children With Adhd
This profile of social difficulties differs, however, from that observed in ASD, in which impairment in the basic understanding of social realm is central, such as a lack of emotional reciprocity and engagement with others, and the low interest or enjoyment in social interaction. Cantwell described a type of social difficulty in ADHD by a lack of savoir faire, and estimated that this social naivety may affect some 20% of ADHD children and adolescents. Recent research suggests that many individuals with ADHD may experience social impairments that are more consistent with those observed in ASD. In children with a primary diagnosis of ADHD, the level of autistic symptomatology corresponded to the severity of ADHD subtype; children with the combined type of ADHD-demonstrated the most autistic symptoms . In a study recently published by Kotte et al. , a positive autistic traits profile operationalized from the CBCL, was significantly overrepresented among ADHD children vs. controls .
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Treatment Options For Adhd
Understood.org outlines the professional help that is available for patients who are ASD or ADHD. In the case of ADHD, clinical child psychologists can provide behavior therapy to teach kids to manage their actions and interactions. Cognitive behavioral therapy, often just called CBT, can help kids manage the emotional issues from the condition, it adds.
In addition, educational therapists and organizational coaches can help kids with their time management skills, it adds. Medication can be administered , and co-existing conditions such as anxiety can be identified .
Getting The Proper Treatment
The first step in helping your child get the proper treatment is getting a correct diagnosis. You may need to seek out a child behavior disorder specialist.
A lot of pediatricians and general practitioners dont have the specialized training to understand the combination of symptoms. Pediatricians and general practitioners may also miss another underlying condition that complicates treatment plans.
Managing the symptoms of ADHD can help your child manage the symptoms of ASD, too. The behavioral techniques your child will learn may help lessen the symptoms of ASD. Thats why getting the proper diagnosis and adequate treatment is so vital.
Behavioral therapy is a possible treatment for ADHD, and recommended as the first line of treatment for children under the age of 6. For children over the age of 6, behavioral therapy is recommended with medication.
Some medications commonly used to treat ADHD include:
- mixed amphetamine salts
What Is The Prevalence Of Co
In my professional experience approximately 50 percent of kids with ASD also have ADHD. ASD is usually diagnosed first and then, as a child grows older, we may see more difficulties with their attention span, levels of activity and impulsiveness. If these symptoms occur in addition to the ASD symptoms, that is when we would consider a combined diagnosis. It is not as common for ADHD to be diagnosed before a diagnosis of ASD. From an early age, it is clear that the social communication skills are lacking which is a symptom of ASD.
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What Is The Difference Between Autism And Adhd
- on August 5, 2021
- at 8:25 am
ADHD and autism are separate neurodevelopmental disorders that can share some symptoms. There are key differences, and a person can have both conditions.
In this article, we look at the differences between;autism;and;ADHD, the full name of which is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
We also explore whether there is a relationship between the two conditions and describe diagnoses and treatments.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. According to the;American Psychiatric Association , ADHD affects around 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults. Doctors diagnose it more often in males than in females.
Children with ADHD experience difficulties with attention, hyperactivity, and impulse control. They may struggle to concentrate, sit still, or think before they act.
There are three subtypes of ADHD, and a doctor will base the diagnosis on a persons specific symptoms.
The ADHD subtypes are:
ADHD symptoms may improve as a child gets older and can gain more focus and control over their impulses.
Adults who continue to experience symptoms may benefit from counseling, which can help a person learn to manage the condition.
What is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder affects a persons social communication and interaction in various contexts. There is no cure, but treatment can help people make progress in the areas that they find challenging.
ADHD vs. Autism
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How Do You Differentiate Between Adhd And Asd
Kids with ASD not only do they have impairment with their executive function skills, they also have significant social interaction and communication problems. Kids with just ASD are more likely to also have significant impairments in speech and language development and learning disorders. Children with ADHD wont have such severe social and communication problems. They may struggle socially but more because of their hyperactive or impulsive nature.
How Are Adhd And Autism Different
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition whose hallmark signs include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Autism is also a neurodevelopmental condition, but one characterized by social skills challenges like social interactions, communications, and repetitive behaviors. Autism can also occur on a very broad spectrum that can affect individuals in a number of ways, from cognitive disabilities or outstanding abilities to varying sensory issues.
While there may be an overlap in symptoms between the two conditions, the underlying causes may be very different. For example, social struggles might be due to the impulsivity ADHD causes or stem from sensory overloads common with autism.
Individuals with ADHD might be prone to tantrums and meltdowns due to low frustration tolerance and high impulsivity; may struggle with staying on task for non-preferred activities; have excessive fidgety movement; act without thinking; and take physical risks.
Common signs in people with autism might include avoiding eye contact; delayed or no speech; struggles with social cues; a use of excessive body movements to self-soothe; being prone to meltdowns caused by sensory issues, anxiety, or communication struggles; and intense interest in certain preferred topics.
When Your Child Has Both Adhd And Autism
Dr. William Dodson is a psychiatrist who spent his career specializing in both ADHD and autism. When a patient has both, Dodson takes a direct and honest approach: The concept I try to get across to patients and their parents is that ADHD and autism are two separate and distinct conditions that happen to be found together much more frequently than would be expected by chance alone. The patients have two life-long conditions that will affect every moment of their lives.
For people with co-existing ADHD and ASD, treating the ADHD is a means to an end, says Dodson. The world is a classroom for people with ASD, and they have to be ready to observe and practice what theyve learned.
Toward that end, medication to treat ADHD is a must, Dodson says. Few people with both ADHD and ASD succeed without medication to remove the additional obstacle of ADHD from their path.
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