Restricted Or Repetitive Behaviors Or Interests
People with ASD have behaviors or interests that can seem unusual. These behaviors or interests set ASD apart from conditions defined by only problems with social communication and interaction.
Examples of restricted or repetitive interests and behaviors related to ASD can include:
- Lines up toys or other objects and gets upset when order is changed
- Repeats words or phrases over and over
- Plays with toys the same way every time
- Is focused on parts of objects
- Gets upset by minor changes
- Has obsessive interests
- Flaps hands, rocks body, or spins self in circles
- Has unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel
Find Out About Health Coverage
Therapy to help with the symptoms of autism can help kids thrive, but not all are covered by insurance. Coverage depends on your state and it’s not always easy to figure out.
Here are ways to learn what is covered:
- Talk to a social worker on your care team to learn about special programs available to your child.
- Search online for tools that take the guesswork out of health coverage. Some national autism organizations provide helpful quizzes and other tools to learn what’s covered in your state or health care plan.
If you don’t have insurance, your state’s CHIP or Medicaid programs may offer coverage to your child. Medicaid also may be able to offer extra coverage if your health insurance doesn’t cover all expenses. Coverage is based on your child’s disability and need, not on your family’s income.
Early Signs Of Autism
Signs of autism in babies
Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder, which means that signs become apparent as a child does not develop as expected, for example developing speech or learning to crawl later than expected.
As such, there are few signs of autism that are noticeable in newborns. However, if a baby fails to reach the developmental milestones expected at two months old, four months old, six months old, nine months old and a year old, this could be one of the first signs of autism or another developmental condition.
Good to know: Not all babies reach developmental milestones at the exact same time. It is normal to have some variation in development. If in doubt about a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development, check with a doctor.
Some of the early signs that a baby under one year old may have autism spectrum disorder include:
- Not babbling by four months old
- Not smiling by five months old
- Not laughing by six months old
- No interest in games like pat-a-cake or peek-a-boo by eight months old
- Not responding to their name by 12 months old
- Not looking at objects pointed out by other people by 12 months old
- Being upset by loud noises
- Not looking to a parent for comfort in new situations
- Being happy to play alone for long periods of time
- Not making eye contact
Signs of autism in toddlers
Some of the signs that a toddler, between one year old and two years old, may have autism spectrum disorder include:
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Early Signs Of Autism In Boys
Autism is seen more prevalently in boys than in girls. Therefore, the core symptoms mostly coincide with the symptoms we have mentioned to be seen in children with autism in all ages.
Here are some of the early symptoms in autistic boys:
- Doesnt make eye contact
- Has repetitive behaviors
- Doesnt like physical contact
What Causes Autism In Children
The cause of autism is still unknown.
That is why parents should not blame themselves if they feel that they had been negligent in taking care of their kids during infancy, or if a mother thinks she might not have properly taken care of herself during pregnancy.
Just as the definite cause is still unknown, there is no definite treatment to get rid of autism. In fact, the very notion is ridiculous. Autism is a neurological disorder. It is not a disease. You shouldnt seek to get rid of your childs autism.
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Overreaction Or No Reaction To Sensory Stimuli May Be One Of The Early Signs Of Autism
Many autistic individuals have trouble processing sensory information and can become easily overwhelmed, even on an outing to a restaurant or grocery store. Sights, sounds and movements, even tastes and smells, can all be overwhelming to the autistic child, especially in combination with one another.
This may present itself as one of two extremes: you may notice either an observable overreaction or an under-reaction to stimuli.
In the case of an overreaction, an autistic child may flinch away from touch, even something as gentle and unthreatening as a pat on the head or a touch on the arm. Others may throw a fit when getting dressed because the tactile sensation of the clothing creates a feeling of anxiety.
Some children with hypersensitivity to noise and other stimuli may react in the opposite waythey may show no response at all to sounds and visual stimuli, even things that would usually startle or surprise a child. This might strike you as so unusual that it causes you to wonder if your child is having difficulty hearing. An autistic child may also have no reaction to sensory stimuli that would ordinarily be fun, curious and exiting, something that can be just as disconcerting for a concerned parent.
ABA therapy can do wonders for sensory processing disorders, which are often a part of ASD, but also may affect neurotypical children.
Cdcs Efforts To Track Asd And Promote Early Identification
CDC has a new data visualization tool that lets users map and graph ASD data. Visit the website and explore the data!
CDCs ADDM Network provides information on the number and characteristics of children with ASD. ADDM Network data help us better understand whether ASD prevalence is changing and whether improvements are being made in the early identification of ASD. CDCs ADDM Network is not a representative sample of the United States. For more information about CDCs ASD activities, visit www.cdc.gov/Autism.
CDCs Learn the Signs. Act Early. program provides parents, childcare professionals, and healthcare providers free resources, in English and Spanish, for monitoring childrens development. The program offers parent-friendly, research-based milestone checklists for children as young as 2 months of age. CDCs new Milestone Tracker mobile app can help parents track their childs development and share the information with their healthcare providers. For more information, visit www.cdc.gov/ActEarly.
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Why Are There Toileting Difficulties
I believe there are two main problems in toileting difficulties.
I have also heard of individuals who do not understand that different types of toilets are all toilets and you do the same thing in them. This may need to be taught if the toilet at school is very different from the toilet at home .
When Should I Start Potty Training And How
When its time to begin potty training: Choose your words. Decide which words youre going to use for your childs bodily fluids. Prepare the equipment. Place a potty chair in the bathroom or, initially, wherever your child is spending most of his or her time. Schedule potty breaks. Get there Fast! Explain hygiene. Ditch the diapers.
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Focus On What You Want The Child To Do Not What You Want Them To Stop Doing
How many of you have screamed at your child, STOP SCREAMING?!!!! with crazed eyes and clinched fists?
Minimize the use of dont and stop. For example, Walk on the sidewalk can be much more effective than Dont walk on the grass for a child who might not hear the dontor for one who isnt sure where the acceptable place to walk might be. This lets the child know exactly what you WANT them to do. ‘Stop screaming’ becomes, ‘Quiet please’, ‘Don’t color on the table’ becomes ‘Only color on the paper’. It’s counter-intuitive to the ways most of us usually parent but it works. There are times when there’s NO WAY around a don’t/stop statement. DON’T COLOR ON THE DOG. STOP HITTING YOUR BROTHER. Use your best judgement- you’ll figure out when you need to lay down the DON’T law.
Here I ignore his screaming because he was mad that I gave one of his cars to his brother when he didn’t want to share.
Here I praise him, “Great job being quiet and playing with your cars.”I know, it feels a little weird at first, ignoring your child while they are screaming or throwing themselves on the ground. But when they do that, they are attention seeking and giving them any kind of attention reinforces that behavior. They will learn it doesn’t work and realize they get more attention when their behavior is good.
Differences In Nonverbal Communication
Autistic children may also engage in nonverbal communication differently from their peers who do not have ASD. They may, for example:
- have difficulty making eye contact
- be less likely to point at things of note or look when directed by others
- seem to dislike cuddling and other types of physical contact
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Give The Parents Some Time Off
Offer to spend time with the children or provide the financial means to have the parents have time on their own. Dont wait to be asked. Your childs marriage and mental health need as much attention as does your grandchild. It is an investment for the whole family when you provide the regular opportunity for relief.
- Gift certificates for movies, dinner, spa, and fitness clubs are a way to force a parent to take time for him or her self. Most parents will never quite get around to taking care of themselves. A homemade meal or a house cleaning can go a long way to easing stress. Take care of your child so they can care for your grandchild.
Tips That Improved My Autistic Child’s Behavior
This guest post was written by Chrissy Kelly, a mom of two boys with autism. You can read more about her and her family on her blog, “Life With Greyson + Parker,” and also her page.
Our house has been a revolving door of Behavior Therapists over the past almost four years. Both boys put in about 20 hours a week of intense therapy. I never thought a kidless 20-something year old might be able to teach me something about my own children. The presence of autism in my life has grown my mind a thousand times over. So much of parenting children with autism is counter-intuitive. I say and do things I never thought would work, but they do. Here is a small list of techniques that we use daily that help reduce tantrums, increase understanding, direction following and happiness . There is no one thing that works for all children, and there is no one quick fix, however, many of these techniques will work for many children. Whether or not they have autism.
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Early Signs Of Autism In Adults
Autism spectrum disorder occurs in all age groups. It is generally characterized by social and communication difficulties.
Severe forms are usually diagnosed in the first two years of a childs life. However, high-functioning individuals may not be diagnosed until later in their lives.
Here are some of the symptoms in autistic adults:
- Difficulty in regulating emotion
Improving Peer Relationships For Autistic Children
Peer relationships are important across all ages of development, for people with all kinds of developmental disorders. People with autism often have difficulties making and keeping friends, but studies show that they overwhelmingly crave these connections.
Therapies and interventions that involve the family, caregivers, teachers, and professionals can help to build socialization skills. Learning in a safe environment with familiar people can prepare children to interact with neurotypical individuals in the real world.
Occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, and behavior interventions like applied behavior analysis therapy can all help to improve social and communication skills. These therapies help a child learn how to appreciate and interact with their peers more effectively, and this can build a foundation that allows them to form lasting relationships.
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My Four Year Old Autistic Son Drew This And Said He Drew A Picture Of Himself I Just Love How Hes Smiling Cried A Little Bit When I Saw It
I love that he gave himself a tail
Tell him that the internet said….
definitely gonna have to frame that masterpiece
For what it’s worth this is very similar to what my neurologically normal 4 year old is drawing. It also looks developmentally on level for his age too. All that aside, great job little dude! And dad, you are doing better than you think! Don’t be afraid to search out a “village” and get the help you and your son need. You’ve got this!
Find Other Parents Who Will Understand And Support You
It always has been invaluable to have other parents who are going through the same thing as you are, to call them up and say I cant believe this is happening to me today. Because to the rest of the community, the things that happen to us, theyre really not the norm.Ruth Singer Strunck, the mom of two young adults with autism
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What To Do If Youre Worried
If your child is developmentally delayed, or if youve observed other red flags for autism, schedule an appointment with your pediatrician right away. In fact, its a good idea to have your child screened by a doctor even if he or she is hitting the developmental milestones on schedule. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children receive routine developmental screenings, as well as specific screenings for autism at 9, 18, and 30 months of age.
Schedule an autism screening. A number of specialized screening tools have been developed to identify children at risk for autism. Most of these screening tools are quick and straightforward, consisting of yes-or-no questions or a checklist of symptoms. Your pediatrician should also get your feedback regarding your childs behavior.
How Is Asd Treated
One of the biggest challenges is finding the most effective form of treatment. The choices seem endless and differentiating one from another can be daunting. Parents often rely on therapists to direct and administer treatment, but many parents want to learn as much as possible so theyre in the best position to help their child. The most common treatments include applied behavioral analysis, relationship-building strategies, speech/language, and occupational therapy, counseling, and social skills groups.
To learn more, read our ASD Overview article.
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Early Signs Of Autism In Preschool Kids
You may notice differences in your childs behaviors and communication right before they go to school. Some of these signs may mean that your kid is at risk for autism spectrum disorder. Here are some of the signs listed by CDC:
- Speaking less than 15 words
- Seeming confused by the function of everyday items
- Not responding to their name when called
- Not walking
- Has repetitive behaviors like rocking back and forth
Most girls show symptoms in infancy or early childhood. But they may not be recognized.
Some studies suggest that certain symptoms are seen more commonly in boys than in girls. Repetitive behaviors, for instance, may appear more often in boys. They are easier to spot.
In addition, girls deal with ASD differently than boys. They may hide their symptoms or spend more energy on adapting to social norms.
They are more able to form friendships. This may cause ASD to not be determined early on.
Is Early Intervention For Autism Effective
The prevalence of A.S.D. in children has increased over time, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. Early intervention can be an effective tool in development, research shows. The power of early intervention comes from the brains neuroplasticity, or ability to change. Neuroplasticity is what allows a person to learn and retain new skills. So the earlier children can begin receiving therapies, the better the chance they have of gaining the skills needed to navigate certain experiences, which can lead to a better quality of life.
In early intervention, children learn how to learn, said Rebecca Landa, Ph.D., the founder and executive director of the Center for Autism and Related Disorders at the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore. Depending on the child, this could mean learning how to play with toys, take turns, solve problems or avoid tantrums. As children learn how to do these things, the way that people interact with them and talk to them changes, Dr. Landa said.
Those therapies can pave the way to more valuable life experiences, like attending birthday parties, which kids with autism often miss out on, Dr. Lord said. Their lack of experiences is what hurts them, she said. For example, autistic children may not appear interested in an activity so people may stop talking to them or may stop including them.
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